According to BBC, malware infiltrated a major terminal on Kharg Island, where 90% of Iranian oil exportation occurs. Although officials claim that the attack has not affected oil production, the malware did manage to compromise data associated with individuals using the terminal. As a precaution, all equipment on Kharg Island was temporarily disconnected from the web, but everything has since returned to normal.
The data that actually applies to oil business was never affected because Iran has recently committed to protecting their systems. Part of these security efforts involve Supreme Council of Virtual Space a committee that was organized after a string of cyber attacks targeted government institutions in recent years.
Viruses and malware have been connected to “hactivism”— an often politically motivated means of cyber terror. Many of the cyber attacks against Iran have targeted governmental institutions.
Last year, officials detected a virus called Stars, which may have been accidentally opened because of its resemblance to official government files. Before Stars, Iranian officials discovered a more serious virus called Stuxnet. Officials believed that Stuxnet was contrived as an attempt to seize control over equipment pertaining to the nuclear program. Iranian officials believed that the U.S. was behind Stuxnet.
These attacks have led officials to organize committees, "establishing a centre of national virtual space to define policy and co-ordinate and make decisions regarding virtual space,” according to Minister Ayatollah Khamenei.
Although some people speculated that the purpose of the Supreme Council of Virtual Space was really created as means for the government to control the Internet, it seems that the council may have more important matters to deal with, considering the recent attack of malware the infiltrated the Iranian oil terminal.
Edited by Amanda Ciccatelli