Used Vehicle Finance Market Begins to Level Out, as Used Vehicle Loans See Smaller Year-Over-Year Increases in Q3 2022
Against the backdrop of the ongoing inventory shortage, the average used vehicle loan amount continues to grow, but at a notably slower rate. According to Experian's State of the Automotive Finance Market Report: Q3 2022, the average used vehicle loan amount increased 8.59% year-over-year, reaching $28,506. This is significantly smaller than the increase seen this time last year, as in Q3 2021 there was a 21.37% year-over-year increase, reflecting how quickly used vehicle values rose as new vehicle inventory declined. The average loan amount for a new vehicle also saw an increase, growing from $37,753 in Q3 2021 to $41,665 in Q3 2022.
"Since the start of the inventory shortage, used vehicle values rose at a staggering rate, and that appears to be slowing, which is a positive sign for consumers looking to purchase a vehicle," said Melinda Zabritski, Experian's senior director of automotive financial solutions. "While average loan amounts and monthly payments are continuing to grow, there are many contributing factors, such as the rise in interest rates. Leveraging data to better understand these factors will help lenders and dealers make informed decisions in the days to come."
In the third quarter of 2022, the average interest rate was 5.16% for new vehicle loans, and 9.34% for used, up from 4.09% and 8.12%, respectively, last year. The growth in average loan amounts and interest rates were also reflected in average monthly payments, which went from $618 in Q3 2021 to $700 in Q3 2022 for new vehicles, and from $472 to $525 for used vehicles, in the same time frame. The average vehicle loan term also increased, from 69.51 months for new vehicles in Q3 2021, to 69.73 months in Q3 2022. The increase was larger for used vehicles, jumping from 66.97 months in Q3 2021 to 68.08 in Q3 2022.
Finance market share sees shifts
Credit unions held the largest market share of automotive finance in Q3 2022, surpassing banks, whch had long been the largest lender in automotive finance. Credit unions held 28.44% of vehicle financing this quarter, a 40% year-over-year increase, as they held 20.21% in Q3 2021. Banks declined in market share, from 32.51% in Q3 2021 to 27.32% in Q3 2022, with similar trends seen for captive lenders, decreasing from 26.64% to 21.89%, year-over-year.
Another shift seen in the finance market is the significant decline in leasing for new vehicles, which dropped from 27.28% in Q3 2021 to 18.01% in Q3 2022. The types of vehicles consumers are looking to lease continues to evolve, with the top 10 models leased comprised of exclusively larger vehicles, such as full-size trucks, and SUVs. Leases often have a lower monthly payment than loans, with the average difference between a loan and lease payment clocking in at $133 in Q3 2022.
"Opting for a lease is one way that consumers look to manage their monthly payments, which is often how they shop for a vehicle," Zabritski continued. "Affordability will continue to remain top of mind as a decline in leasing, coupled with the lack of new vehicle inventory, will impact availability of used vehicles in a few years."
Additional findings for Q3 2022:
To learn more, watch the entire State of the Automotive Finance Market: Q3 2022 presentation on demand.
Experian is the world's leading global information services company. During life's big moments - from buying a home or a car, to sending a child to college, to growing a business by connecting with new customers - we empower consumers and our clients to manage their data with confidence. We help individuals to take financial control and access financial services, businesses to make smarter decisions and thrive, lenders to lend more responsibly, and organizations to prevent identity fraud and crime.
We have 20,600 people operating across 43 countries and every day we're investing in new technologies, talented people, and innovation to help all our clients maximize every opportunity. We are listed on the London Stock Exchange (EXPN) and are a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.
Experian and the Experian marks used herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of Experian and its affiliates. Other product and company names mentioned herein are the property of their respective owners.
Utilizing Blockchain: NFT Hype vs. Reality
Smart Cities, Dumb Infrastructure: A Framework for Public-Private Partnerships
Cross-chain, Interoperability & Scalability