Atreca Presents Initial Clinical Data from Phase 1b Trial of ATRC-101 in Select Advanced Solid Tumors
Completed dose escalation portion of Phase 1b trial; ATRC-101 was well-tolerated with no dose-limiting toxicities observed
Disease control associated with ATRC-101 target expression; preliminary biomarker data support the proposed mechanism of action (MOA) as elucidated in preclinical studies
Phase 1b monotherapy dose expansion ongoing; developing diagnostic to select patients based on target expression
Conference call and webinar scheduled for today at 8:00 a.m. ET
SAN CARLOS, Calif., July 29, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Atreca, Inc. (Atreca) (NASDAQ: BCEL), a clinical-stage biotechnology company focused on developing novel therapeutics generated through a unique discovery platform based on interrogation of the active human immune response, today announced initial data from the dose escalation portion of its ongoing Phase 1b trial evaluating ATRC-101 in select solid tumor types that displayed greater than 50% target expression in preclinical studies.
"We are pleased to present initial summary data from our first-in-human study of ATRC-101,” said Jonathan Benjamin, M.D., Ph.D., Sr. Vice President, Clinical Research. "We are very encouraged by the results observed thus far in a relatively small set of heavily pre-treated participants. ATRC-101, which targets a novel tumor antigen and acts via a novel MOA in oncology, was well-tolerated at all doses evaluated in the study with no dose-limiting toxicities observed. Furthermore, disease control is associated with ATRC-101 target expression, and the preliminary biomarker analysis is consistent with the proposed MOA for ATRC-101. We anticipate reporting additional data from monotherapy dose expansion cohorts in the Phase 1b trial and from combination cohorts evaluating ATRC-101 with pembrolizumab in 2022, and initiating additional combination cohorts evaluating ATRC-101 with chemotherapy later this year.”
“ATRC-101 represents a new approach in cancer research,” said Dr. John Powderly, M.D., Founder and President of the Carolina BioOncology Institute. “While these data are from a limited number of treatment-refractory patients, I was pleased to see that ATRC-101 was well-tolerated and appears to have an informative biomarker. I look forward to continue investigating the potential of ATRC-101 in cancer patients.”
ATRC-101 Phase 1b Study Design
The Phase 1b trial is a first-in-human, open-label study of ATRC-101 in patients with select solid tumor cancers, utilizing a 3+3 design for the dose escalation portion. Enrollment is limited to patients with tumor types reactive to ATRC-101 in more than 50% of historical patient samples evaluated preclinically, which includes non-small cell lung, breast, ovarian, and colorectal cancer, as well as acral melanoma. The objectives of the study are to characterize safety, determine a maximum tolerated or recommended dose for expansion, measure initial clinical activity, and characterize potential biomarkers of activity in tumors, plasma, and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC).
Initial Study Results
A total of 26 participants had been dosed in the trial as of the data cut-off date of July 16th, including 24 participants treated at five once-every-21-day (q21d) dose levels, 0.3 mg/kg (n = 3), 1 mg/kg (n = 3), 3 mg/kg (n = 9), 10 mg/kg (n = 6), and 30 mg/kg (n = 3), and two participants treated at one once-every-14-day (q14d) dose level, 1 mg/kg (n = 2). Tumor types enrolled in the q21d cohorts were colorectal (n = 13), ovarian (n = 5), breast (n = 3), non-small cell lung (n = 2) and acral melanoma (n = 1). Participants enrolled in the study had received a median of five prior lines of treatment. Of the 26 participants dosed, 24 participants treated with any dose of ATRC-101 were evaluable for safety, 19 for PK, 20 for clinical response, and 18 participants for target expression.
The peak concentration of ATRC-101 was dose proportional and minimal accumulation was observed following multiple doses. ATRC-101’s half-life was 10.5 days and was relatively consistent across all dose levels.
ATRC-101 was generally well-tolerated, with no dose-limiting toxicities at doses =30 mg/kg. Thirty-three percent of participants (n = 8) had at least one grade = 3 adverse event (AE). Respiratory failure (n = 2) and sepsis (n = 2) were the only grade = 3 AEs observed in more than one participant, and the one grade 4 treatment-eergent AE observed was a case of acute respiratory failure. The most common treatment-related AEs were fatigue (n = 5, 21%), nausea (n = 4, 17%), and tumor pain (n = 4, 17%).
Disease Efficacy Observations
Eight of the 20 participants (40%) evaluable prior to the data cut-off in this analysis experienced stable disease (SD) as their best RECIST response, including four with tumor reduction observed. The remaining 12 participants had progressive disease as their best RECIST response. Disease control observed in the study was associated with target expression, as 3 of 6 (50%) of participants with evaluable response assessments and baseline tumor H-scores =50 achieved SD, compared with 1 of 9 (11%) evaluable participants with an H-score <50.
Preliminary biomarker evaluation supports the proposed MOA of ATRC-101 initially proposed from preclinical studies. Expansion of peripheral blood CD8+ T cells was observed at day 8 following dosing with ATRC-101 among participants with evaluable baseline tumor biopsies and tumor H-scores =50. Preliminary observations of serum cytokines appeared consistent with the proposed MOA of innate immune system activation leading to an adaptive immune response against tumor.
Phase 1b monotherapy dose expansion is ongoing at 30 mg/kg, a combination study evaluating ATRC-101 with pembrolizumab is active and another combination study with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin is expected to begin enrolling patients in 4Q21. Atreca expects to report additional monotherapy data by mid-2022, pembrolizumab combination data in mid-2022 and chemotherapy combination data in late 2022. Supported by data from the dose escalation portion of the trial, Atreca is developing a diagnostic to select patients based on target expression.
"We are very pleased with the results of the Phase 1b study presented today and look forward to the continued clinical development of ATRC-101 as both a monotherapy and in combination studies,” said John Orwin, Chief Executive Officer of Atreca. "ATRC-101 is the first anti-cancer agent discovered via Atreca’s platform to be tested in humans, and we believe that the activity observed in the trial provides a strong rationale for further investigation. Furthermore, we believe that these data provide validation for the ability of our discovery platform to identify novel, druggable tumor targets shared across groups of patients. We would like to thank all of the patients who enrolled, their families, and their caregivers for participating in this study.”
ATRC-101 Conference Call and Webcast Information
Atreca will host a conference call/webcast today at 8:00 a.m. ET. The live webcast, including slides, can be accessed through the Events & Presentations section of the Company's website at https://ir.atreca.com/news-and-events/event-calendar. To access the conference call, please dial (800) 373-6606 (United States) or (409) 937-8918 (international) and reference the conference ID 2386207. An archived replay of the webcast will be available on the Company's website for 90 days following the live event.
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