Prudential Financial, Inc. Announces First Quarter 2021 Results
Prudential Financial, Inc. (NYSE: PRU) today reported first quarter results. Net income attributable to Prudential Financial, Inc. was $2.828 billion ($6.98 per Common share) for the first quarter of 2021, compared to net loss of $271 million ($0.70 per Common share) for the first quarter of 2020. After-tax adjusted operating income was $1.665 billion ($4.11 per Common share) for the first quarter of 2021, compared to $897 million ($2.22 per Common share) for the first quarter of 2020.
Consolidated adjusted operating income and adjusted book value are non-GAAP measures. These measures are discussed later in this press release under "Forward-Looking Statements and Non-GAAP Measures" and reconciliations to the most comparable GAAP measures are provided in the tables that accompany this release.
RESULTS OF ONGOING OPERATIONS
The Company's ongoing operations include PGIM, U.S. Businesses, International Businesses, and Corporate & Other. In the following business-level discussion, adjusted operating income refers to pre-tax results.
PGIM, the Company's global investment management business, reported record high adjusted operating income of $651 million for the first quarter of 2021, compared to $164 million in the year-ago quarter. The increase reflects a $378 million gain from the sale of our ownership in Pramerica SGR, an asset management joint venture in Italy, as our partner was acquired and had a contractual right to purchase our minority share of the joint venture. The increase also reflects higher asset management fees, driven by an increase in average account values, as well as higher Other Related Revenue, driven by an increase in co- and seed investment income, higher agency revenue, and higher incentive fees, partially offset by higher expenses.
PGIM assets under management of $1.451 trillion were up 12% from the year-ago quarter, primarily reflecting market appreciation. Third-party net inflows of $5.5 billion in the current quarter reflect retail inflows of $4.4 billion and institutional inflows of $1.1 billion.
U.S. Businesses reported adjusted operating income of $852 million for the first quarter of 2021, compared to $619 million in the year-ago quarter. The increase reflects higher net investment spread results, driven by higher variable investment income, and higher net fee income, driven primarily by equity market appreciation, partially offset by less favorable underwriting results, driven by COVID-19 related net mortality experience.
Assurance IQ reported a loss, on an adjusted operating income basis, of $39 million in the current quarter, compared to a loss of $23 million in the year-ago quarter. This reflects an 80% increase in revenues that were more than offset by increased expenses to support business growth.
International Businesses, consisting of Life Planner and Gibraltar Life & Other, reported adjusted operating income of $871 million for the first quarter of 2021, compared to $696 million in the year-ago quarter. The increase reflects higher net investment spread results, more favorable underwriting results, business growth, and higher earnings from joint venture investments.
Gibraltar Life & Other:
Corporate & Other
Corporate & Other reported a loss, on an adjusted operating income basis, of $286 million for the first quarter of 2021, compared to a loss of $342 million in the year-ago quarter. The lower loss reflects lower expenses, higher income from pension and other employee benefit plans, and lower interest expense, partially offset by lower net investment income.
Net income in the current quarter included $1.0 billion of pre-tax net realized investment gains and related charges and adjustments, including $11 million of net impairment and credit-related gains, $304 million of pre-tax gains related to market experience updates, and $64 million of pre-tax net gains from divested and run-off businesses.
Net loss for the year-ago quarter included $938 million of pre-tax losses related to market experience updates, $503 million of pre-tax net realized investment losses and related charges and adjustments, including $224 million of impairment and credit-related losses, and $70 million of pre-tax net losses from divested and run-off businesses.
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS AND NON-GAAP MEASURES(2)
Certain of the statements included in this release, including those regarding our plans to reallocate capital, share repurchases, priorities, cost savings goals, and other business strategies constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements are made based on management's current expectations and beliefs concerning future developments and their potential effects upon Prudential Financial, Inc. and its subsidiaries. Prudential Financial, Inc.'s actual results may differ, possibly materially, from expectations or estimates reflected in such forward-looking statements. Certain important factors that could cause actual results to differ, possibly materially, from expectations or estimates reflected in such forward-looking statements can be found in the "Risk Factors" and "Forward-Looking Statements" sections included in Prudential Financial, Inc.'s Annual Reports on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. Statements regarding our plans to reallocate capital, share repurchases, priorities, cost savings goals, and other business strategies are subject to the risk that we will be unable to execute our strategy because of market or competitive conditions or other factors, including the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Prudential Financial, Inc. does not undertake to update any particular forward-looking statement included in this document.
Consolidated adjusted operating income and adjusted book value are non-GAAP measures. Reconciliations to the most directly comparable GAAP measures are included in this release.
We believe that our use of these non-GAAP measures helps investors understand and evaluate the Company's performance and financial position. The presentation of adjusted operating income as we measure it for management purposes enhances the understanding of the results of operations by highlighting the results from ongoing operations and the underlying profitability of our businesses. Trends in the underlying profitability of our businesses can be more clearly identified without the fluctuating effects of the items described below. Adjusted book value augments the understanding of our financial position by providing a measure of net worth that is primarily attributable to our business operations separate from the portion that is affected by capital and currency market conditions, and by isolating the accounting impact associated with insurance liabilities that are generally not marked to market and the supporting investments that are marked to market through accumulated other comprehensive income under GAAP. However, these non-GAAP measures are not substitutes for income and equity determined in accordance with GAAP, and the adjustments made to derive these measures are important to an understanding of our overall results of operations and financial position. The schedules accompanying this release provide reconciliations of non-GAAP measures with the corresponding measures calculated using GAAP. Additional historic information relating to our financial performance is located on our website at www.investor.prudential.com.
EARNINGS CONFERENCE CALL
Members of Prudential's senior management will host a conference call on Wednesday, May 5, 2021, at 11:00 a.m. ET to discuss with the investment community the Company's first quarter results. The conference call will be broadcast live over the Company's Investor Relations website at investor.prudential.com. Please log on 15 minutes early in the event necessary software needs to be downloaded. Institutional investors, analysts, and other members of the professional financial community are invited to listen to the call and participate in the Q&A by dialing one of the following numbers: (877) 336-4437 (domestic) or (234) 720-6985 (international) and using access code 2805600. All others may join the conference call in listen-only mode by dialing one of the above numbers. A replay will remain on the Investor Relations website through May 19. To access a replay via phone starting at 4:00 p.m. ET on May 5 through May 19 dial (866) 207-1041 (domestic) or (402) 970-0847 (international) and use replay code 8223410.
(1) Highly Liquid Asset Balance:
This amount represents the highly liquid asset balance as of March 31, 2021, as well as the proceeds from the sale of Prudential's interest in Pramerica SGR in the first quarter of 2021 that were received by PFI in April 2021.
(2) Description of Non-GAAP Measures:
Adjusted operating income is the measure used by the Company to evaluate segment performance and to allocate resources. Adjusted operating income excludes "Realized investment gains (losses), net," as adjusted, and related charges and adjustments. A significant element of realized investment gains and losses are impairments and credit-related and interest rate-related gains and losses. Impairments and losses from sales of credit-impaired securities, the timing of which depends largely on market credit cycles, can vary considerably across periods. The timing of other sales that would result in gains or losses, such as interest rate-related gains or losses, is largely subject to our discretion and influenced by market opportunities as well as our tax and capital profile.
Realized investment gains (losses) within certain of our businesses for which such gains (losses) are a principal source of earnings, and those associated with terminating hedges of foreign currency earnings and current period yield adjustments are included in adjusted operating income. Adjusted operating income generally excludes realized investment gains and losses from products that contain embedded derivatives, and from associated derivative portfolios that are part of an asset-liability management program related to the risk of those products. Adjusted operating income also excludes gains and losses from changes in value of certain assets and liabilities relating to foreign currency exchange movements that have been economically hedged or considered part of our capital funding strategies for our international subsidiaries, as well as gains and losses on certain investments that are designated as trading. Additionally, adjusted operating income excludes the changes in fair value of equity securities that are recorded in net income. Additionally, market experience updates, reflecting the immediate impacts in current period results from changes in current market conditions on estimates of profitability, are excluded from adjusted operating income, which we believe enhances the understanding of underlying performance trends.
Adjusted operating income excludes the results of Divested and Run-off Businesses, which are not relevant to our ongoing operations. Discontinued operations and earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests, each of which is presented as a separate component of net income under GAAP, are also excluded from adjusted operating income. Adjusted operating income also excludes other items, such as certain components of the consideration for the Assurance IQ acquisition, which are recognized as compensation expense over the requisite service periods, as well as changes in the fair value of contingent consideration. The tax effect associated with pre-tax adjusted operating income is based on applicable IRS and foreign tax regulations inclusive of pertinent adjustments.
Adjusted book value is calculated as total equity (GAAP book value) excluding accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and the cumulative effect of foreign currency exchange rate remeasurements and currency translation adjustments corresponding to realized investment gains and losses. These items are excluded in order to highlight the book value attributable to our core business operations separate from the portion attributable to external and potentially volatile capital and currency market conditions.
Prudential Financial, Inc. (NYSE: PRU), a financial wellness leader and premier active global investment manager with more than $1.5 trillion in assets under management as of March 31, 2021, has operations in the United States, Asia, Europe, and Latin America. Prudential's diverse and talented employees help to make lives better by creating financial opportunity for more people. Prudential's iconic Rock symbol has stood for strength, stability, expertise and innovation for more than a century. For more information, please visit news.prudential.com.
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