Insperity Announces First Quarter Results
First Quarter Results
For the first quarter of 2021, reported net income and diluted earnings per share ("EPS") were $61.9 million and $1.59, respectively. Adjusted EBITDA increased 3% to $104.2 million and adjusted EPS increased 7% to $1.82 over the first quarter of 2020, significantly above our expectations.
The average number of worksite employees ("WSEEs") paid per month in Q1 2021 was 233,170 WSEEs, which was at the mid-point of our expected range. As for the three drivers of our growth, WSEEs paid from new sales and client retention were both in line with our forecast, while net gains from hiring in our client base exceeded our expectations. Revenue in Q1 2021 increased 5% to $1.3 billion on a 7% increase in revenue per WSEE, partially offset by an expected 2% decline in the average number of paid WSEEs.
"We are pleased with our strong Q1 results and our growth momentum driven by solid sales, client retention and growth in the client base in the face of the ongoing pandemic," said Paul J. Sarvadi, Insperity chief executive officer and chairman. "The diligent and effective support provided by Insperity employees has helped our resilient client base weather the storm of the pandemic and emerge with confidence in the future. The combination of solid execution and strong demand for our services positions Insperity well for growth acceleration over the balance of the year, as we lay the foundation to return to double-digit unit growth and profitability."
Gross profit increased by 7% over Q1 2020 to $251.4 million. This increase exceeded our forecast, as pricing was above targeted levels and each of our direct costs areas experienced lower than expected cost trends. As for benefit costs, healthcare utilization continued to gradually return to normal coming off of the earlier stages of the pandemic. However, when combined with COVID-19 related vaccination, testing and treatment costs, overall costs came in slightly below our Q1 budget. Our workers' compensation program continued to produce favorable results on our ongoing claims management and, to a lesser degree, a favorable impact on the frequency of claims from the recent "work from home" status of many of our clients' employees. The payroll tax area also produced gross profit contributions above budget, due to state unemployment tax rates received during Q1 coming in lower than our estimates and the receipt of a $5.5 million federal payroll tax refund related to a prior year.
Operating expenses increased 13% over Q1 2020, however, were flat when excluding performance-based compensation. First quarter 2021 operating costs reflected continued growth investments, including a 7% increase in the number of trained Business Performance Advisors, initial costs related to our SalesForce implementation and an increase in marketing costs associated with lead generation activity. These investments were partially offset by pandemic-related cost reductions, including reduced travel expenses.
Cash outlays during Q1 2021 included the repurchase of 340,000 shares of stock at a cost of $29.7 million, cash dividends totaling $15.5 million and capital expenditures of $12.1 million. We ended the quarter with $196.7 million of adjusted cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities, and $369.4 million outstanding under our $500 million credit facility.
"With our strong Q1 results, and positive trends in our growth, pricing and direct costs, we are raising our earnings outlook for the remainder of 2021," said Douglas S. Sharp, Insperity senior vice president of finance, chief financial officer and treasurer. "With our solid balance sheet and the expectation for continued strong cash flow, we plan to continue to invest in our growth, while providing attractive returns to our shareholders through our dividend and share repurchase programs."
The company also announced its updated guidance for 2021, including the second quarter of 2021. Please refer to the accompanying financial tables at the end of this press release for the reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures to the comparable GAAP financial measures.
Definition of Key Metrics
Average WSEEs paid - Determined by calculating the company's cumulative worksite employees paid during the period divided by the number of months in the period.
Adjusted EPS - Represents diluted net income per share computed in accordance with GAAP, excluding the impact of non-cash stock-based compensation.
Adjusted EBITDA - Represents net income computed in accordance with GAAP, plus interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization expense and non-cash stock-based compensation.
Conference Call and Webcast
Insperity will be hosting a conference call today at 5 p.m. ET to discuss these results, and the guidance discussed in this press release, and answer questions from investment analysts. To listen in, call 877-651-0053 and use conference i.d. number 4536156. The call will also be webcast at http://ir.insperity.com. The conference call script will be available at the same website later today. A replay of the conference call will be available at 855-859-2056, conference i.d. 4536156. The webcast will be archived for one year.
Since 1986, Insperity's mission has been to help businesses succeed so communities prosper. Offering the most comprehensive suite of scalable HR solutions available in the marketplace, Insperity is defined by an unrivaled breadth and depth of services and level of care. Through an optimal blend of premium HR service and technology, Insperity delivers the administrative relief, reduced liabilities and better benefit solutions that businesses need for sustained growth. With 2020 revenues of $4.3 billion and more than 80 offices throughout the U.S., Insperity is currently making a difference in thousands of businesses and communities nationwide. For more information, visit http://www.insperity.com.
The statements contained herein that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. You can identify such forward-looking statements by the words "expects," "intends," "plans," "projects," "believes," "estimates," "likely," "possibly," "probably," "goal," "opportunity," "objective," "target," "assume," "outlook," "guidance," "predicts," "appears," "indicator" and similar expressions. Forward-looking statements involve a number of risks and uncertainties. In the normal course of business, in an effort to help keep our stockholders and the public informed about our operations, from time to time, we may issue such forward-looking statements, either orally or in writing. Generally, these statements relate to business plans or strategies; projected or anticipated benefits or other consequences of such plans or strategies; or projections involving anticipated revenues, earnings, average number of worksite employees, benefits and workers' compensation costs, or other operating results. We base the forward-looking statements on our current expectations, estimates and projections. We caution you that these statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that we cannot predict. In addition, we have based many of these forward-looking statements on assumptions about future events that may prove to be inaccurate. Therefore, the actual results of the future events described in such forward-looking statements could differ materially from those stated in such forward-looking statements. Among the factors that could cause actual results to differ materially are:
These factors are discussed in further detail in Insperity's filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Any of these factors, or a combination of such factors, could materially affect the results of our operations and whether forward-looking statements we make ultimately prove to be accurate.
Any forward-looking statements are made only as of the date hereof and, unless otherwise required by applicable securities laws, we undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
Non-GAAP financial measures are not prepared in accordance with GAAP and may be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies. Non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered as a substitute for, or superior to, measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. Investors are encouraged to review the reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measures used to their most directly comparable GAAP financial measures as provided in the tables below.
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