Diffusion Pharmaceuticals Completes Phase 1b Study of TSC in Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients
CHARLOTTESVILLE, Va., Feb. 16, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Diffusion Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: DFFN) (“Diffusion” or the “Company”), an innovative biopharmaceutical company developing novel therapies to deliver oxygen to areas of the body where it is needed most, today announced completion and topline data from the open-label, Phase 1b clinical trial of its novel, diffusion-enhancing therapeutic, trans sodium crocetinate (“TSC”), in hospitalized COVID-19 patients with confirmed hypoxemia, the most common cause of tissue hypoxia.
The primary objective of the trial was to evaluate the safety and tolerability of TSC administered on a more frequent dosing regimen not previously tested in a clinical trial setting. Secondary endpoints included pharmacokinetic measurement of TSC levels after dosing, relative improvements in blood oxygen levels, and certain other clinical parameters related to COVID-19.
In this trial, patients were divided into four sequential cohorts of six patients, with each patient in a dose cohort receiving the same intravenous doses of 0.25 mg/kg, 0.5 mg/kg, 1.0 mg/kg, or 1.5 mg/kg, depending on the patient’s cohort. All patients in the study were administered intravenous doses of TSC every six hours for a minimum of five days and up to 15 days. On Friday, February 12, 2021, the external safety monitoring committee, established as part of the trial protocol, met to review safety data from the final, 1.5 mg/kg dose, cohort and determined that no dose-limiting toxicities or serious adverse events were observed. This result is consistent with the committee’s determinations following their analyses of the safety data from each of the other dose cohorts in the trial. Evaluation of secondary endpoint data is ongoing and will be available early in the second quarter of 2021.
“We are grateful to the patients and the dedicated healthcare providers who volunteered to participate in this critically important study,” said Chris Galloway, M.D., Chief Medical Officer. “We believe TSC’s diffusion-enhancing mechanism of action has the potential to provide benefits in numerous medical conditions complicated by hypoxia, including COVID-19. The safety, tolerability, and repeat escalating-dose pharmacokinetic data obtained from this study will support our broader TSC development program.”
As previously announced, the company plans two additional clinical studies designed to evaluate the efficacy of TSC on both ends of oxygen’s complete journey through the body, from improving uptake in the lungs to enhancing delivery from the microcirculation into tissue.
The first study (the “TCOM Study”) will measure the effects of TSC on peripheral tissue oxygen delivery using a device called a transcutaneous oximeter, or TCOM. This will be a randomized, blinded and placebo-controlled trial in healthy volunteers to determine TSC’s ability to enhance oxygen delivery versus placebo. Diffusion expects to initiate the TCOM Study by the end of the first quarter 2021 and complete it in the second quarter of 2021. Topline data should be available within one to two months following study completion.
The second study (he “DLCO Study”) will measure the effects of TSC on the ability of the lungs to transfer gas from inspired air to the bloodstream, using carbon monoxide as a surrogate for oxygen. The DLCO Study will be conducted in patients with previously diagnosed interstitial lung disease. Diffusion plans to commence the DLCO Study in the second quarter of 2021 and complete it in the third quarter of 2021; topline results should be available within one to two months of study completion and will inform the company’s ongoing TSC development plan.
The Company anticipates that these studies will provide important dose-response data that will guide its product and commercial development strategies, which will focus on treatment of conditions related to the hypoxia continuum. Diffusion intends to announce certain additional information regarding these strategies later in the first quarter of 2021.
TSC was designed to enhance the level of organization among water molecules by increasing the amount of hydrogen bonding and is being developed to enhance the diffusion of oxygen to tissues with low oxygen levels, also known as hypoxia, a serious complication of many of medicine’s most intractable and difficult-to-treat conditions. In clinical studies, when dosed up to four times daily, TSC has been demonstrated safe and tolerable in more than 180 patients included in trials across a variety of indications including patients with glioblastoma multiforme brain cancer (“GBM”), peripheral artery disease with intermittent claudication, stroke, and COVID-19. In pre-clinical data, TSC has been observed to affect oxygen diffusion to hypoxic tissues and provide a functional benefit in animal models of GBM, acute respiratory distress syndrome/acute lung injury, hemorrhagic shock, and ischemic stroke.
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