(Oregonian (Portland, OR) Via Acquire Media NewsEdge) July 10--A rallying cry of sorts emerged at two recent town halls in Portland to discuss a controversial monthly street fee on residents and business: Spend the money between the curbs.
As Mayor Charlie Hales and Commissioner Steve Novick campaign for more cash to spend on road safety and maintenance projects with an eye on a November City Council vote, the "between the curbs" theme could continue to gain steam.
Portland Bureau of Transportation officials have said for weeks that they lack the resources to maintain streets. In a budget briefing with a small group of reporters on Wednesday, PBOT opened its books and made its case.
The city is hoping a new funding stream could bring in up to $50 million annually, starting in July 2015.
Here are some facts and terms to keep in mind as Hales and Novick continue to push for more money for city streets.
HOW MUCH DOES PBOT HAVE TO SPEND?
The transportation bureau has a total of $314.3 million in revenue, but the vast majority of that amount can only be spent for specified purposes. An example is when the Bureau of Environmental Services pays PBOT to install bioswales as part of a paving project. Other dedicated funds include federal or state grants with strings attached.
The money over which PBOT has discretion is called General Transportation Revenue. It includes gas tax money from the state and Multnomah County. On-street parking revenue and utility license fees revenue also fill this pot of money. According to PBOT analysts, the current GTR total is $102.8 million.
IS THAT ALL THE DISCRETIONARY MONEY PBOT HAS?
No -- the city transferred an additional $7.7 million to PBOT from the general fund this year. The general fund is a pool of money, made up primarily of property taxes and business license fees, which pays for police parks and fire. According to PBOT, nearly all of its $7.7 million in general fund revenue is spent on the city's power bill for street lighting.
HOW MUCH OF PBOT'S MONEY IS CURRENTLY SPENT ON PAVEMENT MAINTENANCE EXCLUSIVELY ?
The current budget includes $11.3 million in direct costs for pavement maintenance work between the curbs from PBOT. The city recently completed the mayor's goal of paving, sealing or repairing 100 miles of roadway in the city.
OK, WHERE'S THE REST OF THE MONEY GO?
Good question. Some $16.4 million of the discretionary dollars are spoken for in debt service payments, contingency funds and payments for overhead associated with money received through the City of Portland's General Fund. PBOT maintains all hundreds of street lights, traffic lights and bridges. The traffic control system alone tops $20.7 million in costs annually. "We actually spend more money on maintenance of signals / street lights, etc. -- traffic control -- than on pavement," Novick said in an email. Although city-owned parking meters and garages generate revenue, maintaining and operating them also costs a lot, PBOT says.
HOW MUCH ARE WE PAYING FOR LIGHT RAIL AND THE SELLWOOD BRIDGE?
In 2014-15, Portland will contribute $2.5 million to the Milwaukie line rail line. The city's payments on a 20-year, $86 million bond for its share of the Sellwood Bridge replacement project is $3.7 million this year but will rise to $6.4 million in the next fiscal year (not including interest). Payments will remain at or above that level until 2033-34, according to city records.
WHAT ABOUT THE STREETCAR?
Portland Streetcar Inc., a private nonprofit, operates the system with a combination of TriMet support, general fund revenue, fares, corporate sponsorships and PBOT funding. The city's share of operations and maintenance costs for the streetcar is currently $4.5 million, PBOT officials said, plus an additional $2 million in ongoing debt service payments. The bureau is expected to chip in an additional $6 million in 2015-16 to help complete the streetcar loop on the eastside. Paying cash rather than issuing debt, officials say, saves the city $3.6 million in interest over a 20-year period.
HOW IS PBOT DOING OVERALL?
PBOT officials said the bureau runs a $1 million annual deficit because revenue isn't keeping up with expenses. Officials say the state gas tax hasn't kept up with inflation. "We're not able to do as much with the same number of dollars," said Dylan Rivera, PBOT spokesman. Since 2008-2009, PBOT cut 75 staff positions.
OKAY, DIDN'T HALES SAY WE NEED $91 MILLION EACH YEAR TO GET OUR STREETS RIGHT?
He did. According to PBOT documents, the total is closer to $92.7 million. In order to prevent further deterioration of streets, the forecast calls for $47.6 million in maintenance work on major roads this year, and $44 million on neighborhood streets. The current budget includes just $11.3 million for that purpose from PBOT. This amount omits an additional $62.5 million in needed improvements to city-owned bridges, signals, sidewalks and street lights.
PBOT gave reporters a detailed list of spending for 2014-15, compared with some previous years. For those interested in digging deep, here's the full PDF given to reporters by PBOT. This document includes the definitions for each of the city's program areas.
For those wanting a distilled version: We combined the definitions into one document, and just showed spending for 2014-15. Here's a list of some of PBOT's spending from its general transportation revenues (read: gas tax, on-street parking)
Rank Line item: City's description of expenditure category Dollar cost 2014-15--1 Street Preservation -- Pavement Maintenance. The Street Preservation program maintains arterial and local streets, investigates pavement problems and responds to hazards. Specific areas within Street Preservation include:
--Asphalt and concrete street patching o Street base repairs
--Road condition analysis
--Speed bumps & pothole repair
--Paving (asphalt concrete overlays)
--Fog seals and chip seals (future)
--Emergency Response to a variety of conditions
2 Parking Program -- Enforcement. The Parking Enforcement Division enforces parking rules and regulations to maintain safe and continuous traffic flows, support retail and commercial businesses, and help ensure neighborhood livability. This division enforces on-street parking for meter districts, parking zones, parking permit areas, and all City streets. This division also provides reserved parking delineator placement, abandoned auto enforcement, and paystation and meter collections. $6,579,000
3 Parking Program -- Operations. The Parking Operations Division manages parking in the right-of-way in both metered and non-metered areas of the city to ensure safe and continuous traffic flow as well as access to adjacent land uses. This division designs, evaluates, and installs parking controls such as parking signs, pavement and zone markings, and a variety of residential, business, and special parking permits. Parking controls are essential for effective enforcement of all city parking regulations. Staff also install, operate, maintain, and repair the City's approximately 1,350 multi-space parking pay-stations and 400 single-space meters. Other areas of responsibility include parking and carshare policies, meter security, wireless communications and meter technology, parking data collection and reporting, bankcard processing, and customer service. $6,243,530
4 Fund-level -- General Fund Overhead. General Fund Overhead (GFOH) represents allocated costs for PBOT's share of central support services performed by General Fund agencies. Examples of these costs include accounting, legal, financial planning, and the City Council. GFOH costs are allocated from 21 different cost centers using 27 discrete allocations and 17 different allocation factors. $5,874,071
5 Central Interagencies. Core interagency services associated with operating a large organization are reflected in this budget. Core interagency services include Portland Building rent & facilities, printing & distribution, telecommunications, Enterprise Business Solutions operations, Enterprise Business Solutions debt service, 1900 building facilities, Government Relations, City Attorney's Office, Parks Reservation Center (processing parking permits sold), westside CityFleet, westside insurance & claims, westside workers' compensation. $5,840,264
6 Field Support. PBOT Field Support provides specialized services for all transportation maintenance programs to maximize the efficiency and effectiveness of field operations. This program provides for field communication in radio dispatch, stores operations, and facility, equipment, and liability management. $5,553,478
7 Fund-level -- Setasides and Contingency. PBOT has setasides for transit mall maintenance and periodic replacement and renewal of its paystations. Contingency includes setasides for cost of living adjustments, potential weather-related emergencies and SDC balances for future funding of SDC related captial projects. $5,103,455
8 Business Services -- Technology Mgmt and BTS interagency. The Technology Management section provides information technology support for PBOT. This section manages PBOT's Geographic Information System (GIS) resources and PBOT's asset and maintenance management system (Maximo), that automates and integrates transportation assets and infrastructure data. It also provides business analysis and application development and support for PBOT. Additionally, this program works to ensure the most effective use of IT services through PBOT's interagency with the Bureau of Technology Services (BTS). $4,785,140
9 Street Cleaning. The Street Cleaning program provides mechanical cleaning of streets and the Central Business District (CBD). This program also provides leaf removal from designated areas of the city and cleans up after Rose Festival parades. Specific activities within the Street Cleaning program include:
--Residential, arterial, and CBD street cleaning o Bike and pedestrian area cleaning
--Transit Mall and light rail area cleaning (in addition to Portland Mall Management Inc)
--Emergency cleanup of debris deposited upon City streets from accidents and material spills o Street Area Landscaping
--Herbicide application for noxious weed control
--Green space maintenance to remove safety hazards o Emergency response for de-icing streets
10 Fund-level -- PERS Debt Service. Allocated costs for PBOT's share of the City's financing of its Public Employees Retirement System (PERS) obligation. $4,504,569
11 Business Services -- Finance & Accounting, Administrative Services, Asset Management, Payroll/HR, Procurement & Contracting, Safety & Training.
--Finance & Accounting: provides financial services for PBOT, including financial management, financial planning, accounts
--payable/receivable, financial reporting, and fixed asset reporting. Also assists in the regional transportation financing process, analysis and response for local, state, and federal financing issues, and new funding analysis.
--The Admin Section provides overall administrative services and supervision to clerical staff throughout PBOT.
--Asset Management: coordinates a strategic approach to managing transportation infrastructure. It focuses on business processes for resource allocation and utilization with the objective of better decision-making based upon quality information and well-defined objectives.
--Payroll/HR Support: provides centralized payroll, timekeeping, employment and organizational management services, Family Medical
--Leave Act (FMLA) administration, and human resources support for PBOT.
--Procurement & Contracting: provides centralized oversight of all PBOT contracting and procurement, legislative analysis and review,
--and jurisdictional transfer administration.
--Safety & Training: provides technical training to maintain and/or enhance skills and proficiency of employees, and mandated training to maintain certification. Also provides training to reduce and prevent losses due to work related injuries, property damage, vehicular accidents and injuries to the public.
12 Electrical Maintenance. The Electrical Maintenance program is responsible for the maintenance and modification of nearly 1,100 controlled traffic signal intersections, 200 school beacons, 100 flashing beacons and 12,000 street lights. This program maintains assets representing a capital investment of approximately $500 million dollars on the part of the City. $4,303,500
13 Streetcar Operations & Maintenance. The Streetcar Operations is managed through a contract with Portland Streetcar Inc to provide streetcar service 7 days a week on two lines, the NS line, from Legacy Good Samaritan Hospital to SW Lowell Street in South Waterfront, and the CL line, from the westside of the Central City across the Broadway Bridge to the Oregon Museum of Science and Industry on the eastside. The CL opened for operation in September of 2012. Work is currently underway to ÒClose the LoopÓ by developing the 2nd river crossing along the new light rail bridge, which is scheduled to open in 2015. Additionally, this program is responsible for the annual operations and maintenance all of the streetcar system. The program is funded by an intergovernmental agreement with Tri-Met, sponsorships, fares revenues and General Transportation Revenues. $3,921,931
14 Fund-level -- Debt Service -- Sellwood Bridge $3,656,970
15 Traffic Maintenance. The Traffic Maintenance program maintains traffic control signs, parking signs, and street name signs. It also maintains pavement markings, lines, and legends on the street surface at intersections, crosswalks and other locations. Other Traffic Maintenance work includes:
--Sign Shop, creating new and repairing existing signs
--Providing emergency traffic control in response to requests by City Police, Fire, and other bureaus
--Providing traffic control and barricades for various City events (Rose Festival, Sunday Parkways, etc.)
Traffic Maintenance also performs a significant amount of signing, striping, and pavement marking, and traffic control services for PBOT and other bureaus via work orders. $3,229,193.31
16 Sidewalk Maintenance. The Sidewalk Preservation program oversees the maintenance of sidewalks and corners. The City Charter assigns responsibility for the maintenance of sidewalks to the owner of the abutting property. Specific areas within Sidewalk Preservation include:
--Corner / ADA Ramp program o Posting / Inspection
--Limited sidewalk & curb repairs
17 Capital Improvement Program (CIP). The Capital Improvement Program (CIP) plans, designs and builds the transportation system of the City of Portland. The CIP is a five- year financial plan for capital improvements to the City's transportation network. Projects included in the CIP are designed to meet City Council goals:
--Ensure a safe and peaceful community
--Promote economic vitality and opportunity
--Improve the quality of life in neighborhoods
--Protect and enhance the natural and built environment
--Operate and maintain an effective and safe transportation system
The CIP program funding primarily comes from PBOT funding partners; Federal grants, State grants and the Portland Development Commission (PDC). General Transportation Revenues (GTR) and System Development Charges (SDC) are generally used to match these grants. $2,532,614
18 Fund-level -- Debt Service -- Match payment for Portland Milwaukie Light Rail Project $2,504,200
19 Environmental System Maintenance. The Environmental System maintenance program maintains the City's waste and stormwater collection system. This program inspects and cleans the sewer system; investigates customer problems; repairs and reconstructs damaged, broken, or deteriorated utilities in the waste and stormwater collection system and maintains the surface stormwater conveyance systems. This program works in collaboration with the Bureau of Environmental Services (BES) to comply with the regulations and guidelines set forth by a variety of federal, state, and local agencies. $2,379,648
20 Fund-level -- Debt Service -- Match payment for Transit Mall Revitalization Project $2,085,425
21 Structural Maintenance. The Structural Maintenance program maintains vehicle and pedestrian structures in the City's right-of-way system. Specific workloads within Structural Maintenance include:
--Retaining walls and tunnel repair
--Bridge and vaulted walk maintenance o Guardrails and attenuators repair
--Structural inspections and design o Stairways and fence repair
--Bike rack installation and repair
22 Fund-level -- Debt Service -- Multiple GTR Capital projects $1,740,800
23 Traffic Operations. The Traffic Operations Division manages traffic flow, circulation, and safety on City streets. This division investigates and responds to traffic-related concerns and needs from the public and other agencies. This division provides traffic engineering services for planning and implementation of traffic control plans for the bureaus of Environmental Services and Water capital projects. This division provides traffic engineering review for a wide range of permits involving use of the public right-of-way. This division also provides traffic management for special events. $1,518,500
24 Fund-level -- Debt Service -- Line of credit for replacement paystations $1,515,536
25 Street Lighting. This program manages the street lighting on the transportation system. The program includes people that staff the street light outage hotline and responds to citizen complaints and requests for new lights. Staff performs street lighting inspections and arterial night drives to document outages, and conducts or schedules maintenance on lights. This program approves the designs and inspects the construction of new lights installed by developers or by capital improvement projects. Staff develops and maintains standards for street lights so that systems are property installed, energy efficient and cost effective to maintain. New standards are constantly under review to make street lights more energy efficient and cost effective. This program ensures appropriate level of management and decision support information for the street lighting asset inventory. Conducts streetlight system locates to prevent dig-ups by contractors and other utilities. This program also comments on PUC rate proposals and scrutinizes PGE power billings to ensure accuracy. Furthermore, this program pays the Portland General Electric (PGE) electric bill for electrical power used by City streetlights. The LED street light replacement program budget is in the CIP. $1,280,800
26 Director's Office / Communications. This program provides overall administration guidance, direction, strategic communication and support for the operations, maintenance, and Capital Improvement Programs of the Portland Bureau of Transportation (PBOT). This group provides liaison services with the Commissioner's Office, Government Relations, and City Attorney for the entire Portland Bureau of Transportation. $1,170,649
27 Fund-level -- Debt Service -- Line of Credit for temporary financing for street light LED & Close the Loop projects $1,036,072
28 Recycling Operations. The Recycling Operations program processes raw materials including asphalt, old concrete, street debris, and leaves to produce usable products including aggregate, rock, gravel, asphalt patch material, compost, blended soil, sand, and clean fill. This program helps the City meet sustainability goals, conserves natural resources, provides materials for City projects, and substantially lowers City hauling and disposal costs. This program receives partial funding from the sale of recycled products including compost, blended soil, and gravel. $833,046
29 Active Transportation. The Active Transportation Division is responsible for coordinating pedestrian-, bicycling-, and transit access- related activities for the Bureau of Transportation. This division is responsible for ensuring the community has the tools and knowledge needed to achieve the goals adopted in the bicycle and pedestrian master plans. Projects and programs are designed to build and promote a network with access for all Portlanders, regardless of age, ability, income level, race, or ethnicity. The Division uses many tools to achieve the adopted outcomes including: bicycle and pedestrian network completion including funding, project development and promotion, safety work on high-crash corridors, encouragement programming including Sunday Parkways, Safe Routes to School and Smart Trips, launching a public bike share program, and developing creative uses of the right-of-way including street seats and on-street bicycle parking. $806,200
30 Civil Design. The Civil Design Section (CDS) provides technical support, civil engineering design and construction contract administration and management of capital improvement projects. The Section specializes in the delivery of all surface transportation modes (vehicular, pedestrian, freight, pedestrian and rail). Additionally, the Section has recently provided landslide stabilization services, assisted in the design and construction of the new Portland Loo, developed combined use facilities to accommodate storm water management with pedestrian, bicycle features and traffic calming techniques throughout the City. CDS designs, drafts, and prepares construction contract plans, specifications, and estimates for Transportation's Capital Improvement Program and Local Improvement District (LID) projects. CDS also coordinates and provides civil engineering services for transportation improvements with the other City Bureaus. CDS coordinates, maintains, and updates the City's Standard Construction Specifications and the Standard Drawings that are utilized by BES, Water and PBOT on all CIP and Permit projects. $804,700
31 Mall Maint & Security. This program pays TriMet for the City's share of enhanced maintenance and security of the Transit Mall and Morrison/Yamhill Loop. The program provides for a coordinated and stepped up approach to maintaining the assets associated with one of the core transportation systems of the central business district. This service is provided by contract with Portland Mall Management Inc. $751,137
32 Street Preservation -- Pavement Mgmt. This program identifies and prioritizes street maintenance projects based on visual inspection and sampling of city streets. Inspectors collect street condition data, enter it into a computer model, and generate a database that constitutes the Pavement Management System (PMS). The PMS helps to identify the most cost-effective maintenance techniques for each street based on its pavement condition. The analysis is part of the basis for the City's annual pavement maintenance and street repair plan. $728,800
33 Fund-level -- Reserve Fund. The current balance in the Reserve Fund is $3.5 million, and the target level is $9 million. PBOT will transfer $700,000 annually until the policy goals are met, 10% of gas tax and parking revenues. The reserves provide a buffer to unusual snow and ice conditions. However, with the current level of reserves, PBOT cannot rely on reserves to fund major short-term budget gaps or support costs incurred due to significant emergencies such as landslides, flooding, or earthquakes. $700,000
34 Transportation Planning. The Transportation Planning program provides overall planning direction, and recommends and ensures implementation of Council- approved transportation policies. The program ensures that all transportation modes are integrated into planning, streetscape and engineering projects to support the City's comprehensive planning goals. Transportation Planning participates in regional, state, and federal transportation policy and funding, provides conceptual development for capital projects, and prepares transportation studies for development areas. Transportation Planning also coordinates with other city bureaus on citywide and area-specific planning efforts. $609,303
35 Project Management. The Project Management Division (PMD) develops and manages the majority of the large and small capital projects for the Portland Bureau of Transportation. Capital projects are funded, designed and constructed to meet multiple City objectives including access and mobility for all modes, job creation, industrial and freight access, safety, and asset management. PMD is responsible for the development of the Capital Improvement Program in conjunction with the Business Services Division. The Capital Improvement Program (CIP) is both a planning tool and a capital budget. While PMD is responsible for delivery of the PBOT capital projects, many are identified by the Transportation Planning Division. Transportation Planning is responsible for project identification and environmental analysis. Upon completion of the initial environmental analysis, the projects are assigned to PMD to develop, design and construct. PMD often works with multiple outside agencies to develop project funding partnerships on many of our projects. PBOT has a very close relationship with the Port of Portland, the Portland Development Commission, ODOT, and Tri-Met. PBOT recently became certified to bid, award, and construct federally funded projects. In the past local agencies were required to use ODOT Commission services to let contracts involving federal highway funds. $516,500
36 Fund-level -- Debt Service -- Oregon Arena & Lloyd District transportation improvements $515,843
37 Construction. The Construction section provides construction inspection and technical services for PBOT projects. Inspectors provide field over-site on both Permit and CIP projects making sure construction is done according to City Standards, codes, plans, and specifications. Technicians provide office support on CIP projects insuring proper documentation of the quality, quantity, and testing requirements and assuring correct and timely payments to the contractor. $377,300
38 Development Services -- SSM. Development Services (DS) -- Street Systems Management (SSM) regulates and allows use of the public right-of-way (ROW). Generally any work in the ROW requires permission from PBOT, and the division is charged with that responsibility. The division is chiefly responsible for stewardship of the ROW through an extremely high accountability to customers (developers, permittees, utilities, Portland capital program, residents, etc.). DS-SSM Division enables public and private development which leads to jobs creation, housing construction, and enhanced neighborhood livability through regulation and permitting of development activities. The outcomes affect the transportation system by constructing and managing the street system, property frontages utilities, and use of the street right- of-way for enhanced livability. Development-Street Systems Management programs are primarily funded by cost recovery of development fees and permits. $370,500
39 Traffic Signals. This program maintains and operates a centralized computer system, which monitors and controls the operation of our signalized intersections and their associated traffic operations. The computer is currently able to communicate to approximately 700 of nearly 1,100 signalized intersections. Additional intersections will be connected to the system through the Signal Communication capital project. This program participates in the regional Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) technical advisory committee, TransPort, to foster improved regional coordination of transportation operations. $338,200
40 Survey. The Survey Section is comprised of twenty four (24) office and field staff working from two City locations. The Survey Section provides surveying services primarily for PBOT and Bureau of Environmental Services (BES) projects. Survey also provides services for OMF, PWB, Parks, City Attorney's office and other offices within the City. Primarily, the program performs topographic surveys and right of way resolutions in order to prepare base maps for designers working on street, bridge or sewer improvement projects. After design work is completed, Survey prepares the staking files for the Survey Field Crews and provides the construction staking for the projects. Additionally, the Section provides property/boundary, deed research, as-built, monitoring, control, etc. surveys as needed. The Section is also responsible for updating and maintaining the City-wide vertical benchmark system. The established benchmarks are used by the City and private Surveyors, Engineers, Contractors, etc. to provide elevation control for their projects. When needed, the Section also manages flexible services contracts for Surveying and Aerial Mapping work by Consultants. Survey coordinates work with City Project Managers and Consultants to complete project work in a timely manner. $316,300
41 Bridges & Structures. This program is responsible for inspecting PBOT's 157 Bridges, 557 Retaining Walls, 188 Public Stairways, as well as miscellaneous assets such as China Gate and the Harbor Wall. Bridges are inspected on a bi-annual basis, all other assets are inspected on a priority basis determined upon need, not to exceed four to six years. Each inspection generates a report which is used as the basis by the program's Engineers to design and prioritize repairs for these assets. Bridges and Structures engineers meet routinely with Maintenance Operations Supervisors to assist them in prioritizing maintenance needs for these assets, as well as inspecting the critical repairs during construction. The program also responds to critical landslides and when required can design, mitigate and repair landslide hazards in the Right of Way. $310,700
42 Development Services Admin -- Steel Bridge Lease. This program provides management and administrative support and staffing for the Development Services and Streetcar Division. Other activities in this program include payment for Steel Bridge lease and other non capital ongoing costs. $247,000
43 Fund-level -- Debt Service -- Land purchase for Sunderyard Recycling Site $226,762
44 Traffic Design Program. The Traffic Design Section provides Traffic Design & Engineering services for planning, development, and construction of Capital Projects to address operational/safety/mobility needs of the City's multi-modal transportation system. Work includes safety evaluations, capacity analyses, geometric design, participation in public meetings and technical advisory committees, development of construction plans/specifications, approval and monitoring of construction traffic control, and implementation of pavement marking and signing plans. $185,200
45 Fund-level -- Debt Service -- Streetcar Paystations $88,000
46 Right of Way. The Right of Way Acquisitions program serves the Bureau of Transportation and other City bureaus, chiefly the Bureau of Environmental Services (BES) and the Water Bureau. The RWA program provides services required by ORS 35, Eminent Domain; Public Acquisition of Property and federal Uniform Act. Services include:
--Development of right of way acquisition budgets and programming estimates for projects; acquisition strategies; title review; consultant contract management; valuation; condemnation ordinances; negotiation; relocation; assistance to City Attorney on condemnation matters; title document preparation; closing, recording, and mapping and file maintenance.
--Dedication processing associated with dedication of right of way required as a condition of development permits, with services including title review, title document preparation, closing, recording, landowner relations, and file maintenance.
--Street Vacation Request processing, serving as City-lead on the street vacation process, including: landowner relations, petition
--preparation, comment solicitation and processing; City Engineer report and ordinance preparation; ordinance recording and file maintenance
--ROW Leasing, Easement Release and the sale of property owned in fee, including: administration of existing leases and negotiation of new leases, with associated activities including rent analysis and adjustment, as necessary.
Funding for this program comes from CIP cost recovery, of ROW leases and street vacations. $44,000
--- Fund-level -- Overhead Recovery Offset. Costs of overhead and administration are allocated and are recovered on projects and activities funded by grants and interagencies. $-13,196,825
-- Andrew Theen
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