SUBSCRIBE TO TMCnet
TMCnet - World's Largest Communications and Technology Community

TMC NEWS

TMCNET eNEWSLETTER SIGNUP

NYSE EURONEXT - 10-K - MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
[February 26, 2013]

NYSE EURONEXT - 10-K - MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

(Edgar Glimpses Via Acquire Media NewsEdge) You should read the following discussion together with the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. This discussion contains forward-looking statements. Actual results may differ from such forward-looking statements. See Item 1A - "Risk Factors" and "Forward-Looking Statements." Certain prior period amounts presented in the discussion and analysis have been reclassified to conform to the current presentation.

Overview NYSE Euronext was formed from the combination of the businesses of NYSE Group and Euronext, which was consummated on April 4, 2007. Following consummation of the combination, NYSE Euronext became the parent company of NYSE Group and Euronext and each of their respective subsidiaries. Under the purchase method of accounting, NYSE Group was treated as the accounting and legal acquirer in the combination with Euronext. On October 1, 2008, NYSE Euronext completed its acquisition of The Amex Membership Corporation, including its subsidiary the American Stock Exchange, which is now known as NYSE MKT.

NYSE Euronext operates under three reportable segments: Derivatives, Cash Trading and Listings, and Information Services and Technology Solutions. We evaluate the performance of our operating segments based on revenue and operating income. We have aggregated all of our corporate costs, including the costs to operate as a public company, within "Corporate/ Eliminations." The following is a description of our reportable segments: Derivatives consist of the following in NYSE Euronext's global businesses: • providing access to trade execution in derivatives products, options and futures; • providing certain clearing services for derivative products; and • selling and distributing market data and related information.


Cash Trading and Listings consist of the following in NYSE Euronext's global businesses: • providing access to trade execution in cash trading; • providing settlement of transactions in certain European markets; • obtaining new listings and servicing existing listings; • selling and distributing market data and related information; and • providing regulatory services.

Information Services and Technology Solutions consist of the following in NYSE Euronext's global businesses: • operating sellside and buyside connectivity networks for our markets and for other major market centers and market participants in the United States, Europe and Asia; • providing trading and information technology software and solutions; • selling and distributing market data and related information to data subscribers for proprietary data products; and • providing multi-asset managed services and expert consultancy to exchanges and liquidity centers.

For a discussion of these segments, see Note 5 to the consolidated financial statements.

37 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Factors Affecting Our Results The business environment in which NYSE Euronext operates directly affects its results of operations. Our results have been and will continue to be affected by many factors, including the level of trading activity in our markets, which during any period is significantly influenced by general market conditions, competition, market share and the pace of industry consolidation; broad trends in the brokerage and finance industry; price levels and price volatility; the number and financial health of companies listed on NYSE Euronext's cash markets; changing technology in the financial services industry; and legislative and regulatory changes, among other factors. In particular, in recent years, the business environment has been characterized by increasing competition among global markets for trading volumes and listings; the globalization of exchanges, customers and competitors; market participants' demand for speed, capacity and reliability, which requires continuing investment in technology; and increasing competition for market data revenues. The maintenance and growth of our revenues could also be impacted if we face increased pressure on pricing.

Uncertainty in the U.S. credit markets that commenced with the upheaval in 2008 continues to impact the economy. Equity market indices have experienced volatility and the market has remained volatile throughout 2012. Economic uncertainty in the European Union may also continue to negatively affect global financial markets. In addition, regulatory uncertainty is affecting our clients' activities, business models and technology spending. While markets may improve, these factors have adversely affected our revenues and operating income and may negatively impact future growth.

As a result of recent events, there has been, and it is likely that there will continue to be, significant change in the regulatory environment in which we operate. In particular, the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act was signed into law in July 2010. Although many of its provisions require the adoption of rules to implement, many such regulations have not yet been adopted and there remain significant uncertainties and ambiguities around those regulations that have been adopted, as well as the way in which market participants will respond to the regulations. As a result, it is difficult to predict all of the effects that the legislation and its implementing regulations will have on us. We do, however, expect it to affect our business in various and potentially significant ways and possibly result in increased costs and the expenditure of significant resources. In addition, there are significant structural changes underway within the European regulatory framework.

While we have not experienced reductions in our borrowing capacity, lenders in general have taken actions that indicate their concerns regarding liquidity in the marketplace. These actions have included reduced advance rates for certain security types, more stringent requirements for collateral eligibility and higher interest rates. Should lenders continue to take additional similar actions, the cost of conducting our business may increase and our ability to implement our business initiatives could be limited.

We expect that all of these factors will continue to impact our businesses. Any potential growth in the global cash markets will likely be tempered by investor uncertainty resulting from volatility in the cost of energy and commodities, unemployment concerns and contagion concerns in relation to the sovereign debt issues faced by some members of the Eurozone, uncertainty as to near term tax, regulatory, and other government policies, as well as the general state of the world economy. We continue to focus on our strategy to broaden and diversify our revenue streams, as well as on our company-wide expense reduction initiatives in order to mitigate these uncertainties.

Recent Acquisitions and Other Transactions Business Combination On December 20, 2012, NYSE Euronext announced a definitive agreement for Intercontinental Exchange Group ("ICE") to acquire NYSE Euronext in a stock-and-cash transaction. The acquisition combines two leading exchange groups to create a premier global exchange operator diversified across markets including agricultural and energy commodities, credit derivatives, equities and equity derivatives, foreign exchange and interest rates. The combined company will be well positioned to deliver efficiencies while serving customer demand for clearing and risk management globally through its leading clearing capability.

Under the terms of the agreement, which was unanimously approved by the Boards of both companies, the transaction is currently valued at $33.12 per NYSE Euronext share, or a total of approximately $8.2 billion, based on the closing price of ICE's stock on December 19, 2012. NYSE Euronext shareholders will have the option to elect to receive consideration per NYSE Euronext share of (i) $33.12 in cash, (ii) 0.2581 IntercontinentalExchange common shares or (iii) a mix of $11.27 in cash plus 0.1703 ICE common shares, subject to a maximum cash consideration of approximately $2.7 billion and a maximum aggregate number of ICE common shares of approximately 42.5 million. The overall mix of the $8.2 billion of merger consideration being paid by ICE is approximately 67% shares and 33% cash. Subject to regulatory approvals, the transaction is expected to close in the second half of 2013.

Terminated Business Combination On February 15, 2011, we entered into a Business Combination Agreement (the "Business Combination Agreement") with Deutsche Börse AG ("Deutsche Börse"), pursuant to which the two companies agreed to combine their respective businesses and become subsidiaries of a newly formed Dutch holding company (the "Proposed Business Combination"). Completion of the Proposed Business Combination was subject to the satisfaction of several conditions, including, among others, approvals by the relevant competition and financial, securities and other regulatory authorities in the United States and Europe.

On February 1, 2012, the EU Competition Commission issued a formal decision disapproving the Proposed Business Combination. In light of the EU Commission's decision, on February 2, 2012, NYSE Euronext and Deutsche Börse announced that they mutually agreed to terminate the Business Combination Agreement.

NYSE BlueTM On February 18, 2011, we formed NYSE Blue through the combination of APX, Inc.

and our 60% stake in BlueNext SA ("BlueNext"), with NYSE Euronext as the majority owner of NYSE Blue. On April 5, 2012, NYSE Blue was unwound, resulting in NYSE Euronext taking back ownership of its 60% stake in Bluenext and relinquishing its interest in APX, Inc. We recorded a $2 million net loss on disposal activities in connection with this transaction.

Prior to the completion of this unwind, NYSE Euronext consolidated the results of operations and financial condition of NYSE Blue (which included the 38 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- results of BlueNext and APX, Inc.). Following this unwind, NYSE Euronext only consolidated the results of operations and financial condition of BlueNext.

In October 2012, NYSE Euronext and CDC Climat, a subsidiary of Caisse des Dépôts, who own 60% and 40% of BlueNext, respectively, voted in favor of the closure of this entity. Operations of BlueNext have ceased as of December 5, 2012.

Qatar On June 19, 2009, NYSE Euronext entered into a strategic partnership with the State of Qatar to establish the Qatar Exchange, the successor to the Doha Securities Market. Under the terms of the partnership, the Qatar Exchange is adopting the latest NYSE Euronext trading and network technologies. We are providing certain management services to the Qatar Exchange at negotiated rates.

In 2009, NYSE Euronext agreed to contribute $200 million in cash to acquire a 20% ownership interest in the Qatar Exchange, $40 million of which was paid upon closing on June 19, 2009, with two additional $40 million payments made in June 2010 and June 2011. The agreement required the remaining $80 million to be paid in two equal installments annually in June 2012 and June 2013.

In September 2012, NYSE Euronext and the State of Qatar reached an agreement to reduce our ownership in the Qatar Exchange in consideration of the termination of the remaining two $40 million installment payments. As of December 31, 2012, NYSE Euronext owned 12% of the Qatar Exchange.

Corpedia On June 22, 2012, NYSE Euronext completed the acquisition of Corpedia, a U.S.-based provider of ethics and compliance e-learning and consultative services.

Fixnetix On March 7, 2012, NYSE Euronext acquired approximately 25% of the outstanding shares of Fixnetix Limited, a U.K.-based service provider of ultra-low latency data provision, co-location, trading services and risk controls for more than 50 markets worldwide.

NYSE Amex Options On June 29, 2011, NYSE Euronext completed the sale of a significant equity interest in NYSE Amex Options, one of our two U.S. options exchanges, to seven external investors, BofA Merrill Lynch, Barclays Capital, Citadel Securities, Citi, Goldman Sachs, TD AMERITRADE and UBS. NYSE Euronext remains the largest shareholder in the entity and manages the day-to-day operations of NYSE Amex Options, which operates under the supervision of a separate board of directors and a dedicated chief executive officer. NYSE Euronext consolidates this entity for financial reporting purposes.

As part of the agreement, the external investors have received an equity instrument which is tied to their individual contribution to the options exchange's success. Under the terms of the agreement, the external investors have the option to require NYSE Euronext to repurchase a portion of the instruments on an annual basis over the course of five years starting in 2011.

The amount NYSE Euronext is required to purchase under this arrangement is capped each year at between approximately 5% and 15% of the total outstanding shares of NYSE Amex Options. On September 16, 2011, the external investors put back approximately 5% of the total outstanding shares of NYSE Amex Options to NYSE Euronext. In October 2012, the external investors put another 5% of the total outstanding shares of NYSE Amex Options back to NYSE Euronext. NYSE Euronext recognized the full redemption value, i.e. fair value, of this instrument as mezzanine equity and classified the related balance as "Redeemable noncontrolling interest" in the consolidated statement of financial condition as of December 31, 2012.

New York Portfolio Clearing NYPC, NYSE Euronext's joint venture with The Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation ("DTCC"), became operational in the first quarter of 2011. NYPC currently clears fixed income futures traded on NYSE Liffe US and will have the ability to provide clearing services for other exchanges and Derivatives Clearing Organizations in the future. NYPC uses NYSE Euronext's clearing technology, TRS/CPS, to process and manage cleared positions and post-trade position transfers. DTCC's Fixed Income Clearing Corporation provides capabilities in risk management, settlement, banking and reference data systems.

As of December 31, 2012, NYSE Euronext had a minority ownership interest in, and board representation on, DTCC. NYSE Euronext's investment in NYPC is treated as an equity method investment.

Impairment of Goodwill, Intangible Assets and Other Assets Testing Methodology and Valuation Considerations Goodwill represents the excess of purchase price and related costs over the value assigned to the net tangible and identifiable assets of a business acquired. In accordance with the Intangibles - Goodwill and Other Topic of the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") Accounting Standards Codification ("Codification"), we test goodwill of our reporting units (which is generally one level below our three reportable segments) and intangible assets deemed to have indefinite lives for impairment at least annually and more frequently if events or circumstances, such as adverse changes in the business climate, indicate that there may be justification for conducting an interim test. We perform our annual impairment test of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets during the fourth quarter.

The impairment test of goodwill is performed in two steps. The first step compares the fair value of the reporting unit with its carrying amount, including goodwill. If the fair value of the reporting unit exceeds its carrying amount, goodwill of the reporting unit is considered not impaired; however, if the carrying amount of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value, the second step must be performed. The second step compares the implied fair value of the reporting unit's goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill. An impairment loss is recorded to the extent that the carrying amount of goodwill exceeds its implied fair value.

In determining the fair value of our reporting units in step one of the goodwill impairment test, we compute the present value of discounted cash flows and terminal value projected for the reporting unit. The rate used to discount cash flows represents the weighted average cost of capital that we believe is reflective of the relevant risk associated with the projected cash flows.

To validate the reasonableness of the reporting unit fair values, we reconcile the aggregate fair values of the reporting units determined in step one of the goodwill impairment test to the enterprise value of NYSE Euronext to derive the implied control premium. In performing this reconciliation, we may, depending on the volatility of our stock price, use either the stock price on the valuation date or the average stock price over a range of dates around the valuation date, generally 30 days. We compare the implied control premium to premiums paid in observable recent transactions of comparable companies to determine if the fair value of the reporting units estimated in step one of the goodwill impairment test is reasonable.

39-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- In accordance with Subtopic 10 in the Property, Plant, and Equipment Topic of the Codification, impairment exists when the carrying amount of an amortizable intangible asset exceeds its fair value. The carrying amount of an amortizable intangible asset is not recoverable if it exceeds the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to result from it. An intangible asset subject to amortization shall be tested for recoverability whenever events or changes in circumstances, such as a significant or adverse change in the business climate that could affect the value of the intangible asset, indicate that its carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recorded to the extent the carrying amount of the intangible asset exceeds its fair value.

The process of evaluating the potential impairment of goodwill and other intangible assets is subjective and requires significant judgment on matters such as, but not limited to, the reporting unit at which goodwill should be measured for impairment, future operating performance and cash flows, cost of capital, terminal values, control premiums, remaining economic lives of assets, and the allocation of shared assets and liabilities to determine the carrying values for each of our reporting units. We use our internal forecasts to estimate future cash flows and actual future results may differ from those estimates.

In addition, in order to determine whether a decline in the value of certain securities and other investments is other-than-temporary, we evaluate, among other factors, the length of time and the extent to which the market value has been less than cost. In particular, we consider the impact of duration and severity on the period of time expected for recovery to occur. If we determine that the decline in value is other-than-temporary, we write down the carrying value of the related asset to its estimated fair value.

For the years ended December 31, 2012, 2011 and 2010, we did not record any material impairment charge.

Sources of Revenues Transaction and Clearing Fees Our transaction and clearing fees consist of fees collected from our cash trading, derivatives trading and clearing fees.

• Cash trading. Revenues for cash trading consist of transaction charges for executing trades on our cash markets, as well as transaction charges related to orders on our U.S. cash markets which are routed to other market centers for execution. Additionally, our U.S. cash markets pay fees to the SEC pursuant to Section 31 of the Exchange Act. These fees are designed to recover the costs to the government of supervision and regulation of securities markets and securities professionals. Activity assessment fees are collected from member organizations executing trades on our U.S. cash markets, and are recognized when these amounts are invoiced. Fees received are included in cash at the time of receipt and, as required by law, the amount due to the SEC is remitted semiannually and recorded as an accrued liability until paid. The activity assessment fees are designed so that they are equal to the Section 31 fees. As a result, activity assessment fees and Section 31 fees do not have an impact on NYSE Euronext's net income.

• Derivatives trading and clearing. Revenues from derivatives trading and clearing consist of per-contract fees for executing trades of derivatives contracts and clearing charges on the London market of NYSE Liffe and NYSE Liffe US and executing options contracts traded on NYSE Arca and NYSE Amex Options. In some cases, these fees are subject to caps.

Revenues for per-contract fees are driven by the number of trades executed and fees charged per contract. The principal types of derivative contracts traded and cleared are equity and index products and short-term interest rate products.

Trading in equity products is primarily driven by price volatility in equity markets and indices and trading in short-term interest rate products is primarily driven by volatility resulting from uncertainty over the direction of short-term interest rates. The level of trading and clearing activity for all products is also influenced by market conditions and other factors. See "- Factors Affecting Our Results" above.

Market Data We generate revenues from the dissemination of our market data in the U.S. and Europe to a variety of users. In the U.S., we collect market data fees principally for consortium-based data products and, to a lesser extent, for NYSE proprietary data products. Consortium-based data fees are dictated as part of the securities industry plans and charged to vendors based on their redistribution of data. Consortium-based data revenues from the dissemination of market data (net of administrative costs) are distributed to participating markets on the basis of a formula set by the SEC under Regulation NMS. Last sale prices and quotes in NYSE-listed, NYSE MKT-listed, and NYSE Arca-listed securities are disseminated through "Tape A" and "Tape B," which constitute the majority of NYSE Euronext's U.S. revenues from consortium-based market data revenues. We also receive a share of the revenues from "Tape C," which represents data related to trading of certain securities that are listed on Nasdaq. These revenues are influenced by demand for the data by professional and nonprofessional subscribers. In addition, we receive fees for the display of data on television and for vendor access. Our proprietary products make market data available to subscribers covering activity that takes place solely on our U.S. markets, independent of activity on other markets. Our proprietary data products also include depth of book information, historical price information and corporate action information.

NYSE Euronext offers NYSE Realtime Reference Prices, which allows internet and media organizations to buy real-time, last-sale market data from NYSE and provide it broadly and free of charge to the public. CNBC, Google Finance and nyse.com display NYSE Realtime stock prices on their respective websites.

In Europe, we charge a variety of users, primarily the end-users, for the use of Euronext's real-time market data services. We also collect annual license fees from vendors for the right to distribute Euronext market data to third parties and a service fee from vendors for direct connection to market data. A substantial majority of European market data revenues is derived from monthly end-user fees. We also derive revenues from selling historical and reference data about securities, and by publishing the daily official lists for the Euronext markets. The principal drivers of market data revenues are the number of end-users and the prices for data packages.

Listings There are two types of fees applicable to companies listed on our U.S. and European securities exchanges - listing fees and annual fees. Listing fees consist of two components: original listing fees and fees related to other corporate-related actions. Original listing fees, subject to a minimum and maximum amount, are based on the number of shares that a company initially lists. Original listing fees, however, are generally not applicable to companies that transfer to one of our U.S. securities exchanges from another market, except for companies transferring to NYSE MKT from the over-the-counter market.

Other corporate action related fees are paid by listed companies in connection with corporate actions involving the issuance of 40 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- new shares to be listed, such as stock splits, rights issues and sales of additional securities, as well as mergers and acquisitions, which are subject to a minimum and maximum fee.

In the U.S., annual fees are charged based on the number of outstanding shares of listed U.S. companies at the end of the prior year. Non-U.S. companies pay fees based on the number of listed securities issued or held in the U.S. Annual fees are recognized as revenue on a pro rata basis over the calendar year.

Original fees are recognized as revenue on a straight-line basis over estimated service periods of ten years for the NYSE and the Euronext cash equities markets and five years for NYSE Arca and NYSE MKT. Unamortized balances are recorded as deferred revenue on the consolidated statements of financial condition.

Listing fees for our European markets comprise admission fees paid by issuers to list securities on the cash market, annual fees paid by companies whose financial instruments are listed on the cash market, and corporate activity and other fees, consisting primarily of fees charged by Euronext Paris and Euronext Lisbon for centralizing securities in IPOs and tender offers. Original listing fees, subject to a minimum and maximum amount, are based on a company's (estimated) market capitalization at the time of its IPO. Revenues from annual listing fees essentially relate to the number of shares outstanding and the market capitalization of the listed company.

In general, Euronext Paris, Euronext Amsterdam, Euronext Brussels and Euronext Lisbon and LIFFE Administration and Management (Euronext London) have adopted a common set of listing fees. Under the harmonized fee book, domestic issuers (i.e., those from France, the Netherlands, Belgium and Portugal) pay admission fees to list their securities based on the market capitalization of the respective issuer. Subsequent listings of securities receive a discount on admission fees. Domestic issuers also pay annual fees based on the number of equity securities and their respective market capitalizations. Non-domestic companies listing in connection with raising capital are charged admission and annual fees on a similar basis, although they are generally charged lower maximum admission fees and annual fees. Non-domestic companies that are included in the Euronext 100 index are treated as domestic for purposes of their listing fees and their annual fees. Non-domestic companies eligible to the Euronext 100 index based on their market capitalization are also treated as domestic issuers for purpose of their sole listing fees. Euronext Paris and Euronext Lisbon also charge centralization fees for collecting and allocating retail investor orders in IPOs and tender offers.

The revenue NYSE Euronext derives from listing fees is primarily dependent on the number and size of new company listings, as well as on the level of other corporate-related activity of existing listed issuers. The number and size of new company listings and other corporate-related activity in any period depend primarily on factors outside of NYSE Euronext's control, including general economic conditions in Europe and the U.S. (in particular, stock market conditions) and the success of competing stock exchanges in attracting and retaining listed companies.

Technology Services Revenues are generated primarily from connectivity services related to the SFTI and FIX networks, software licenses and maintenance fees, as well as from consulting services. Colocation revenue is recognized monthly over the life of the contract. We also generate revenues from software license contracts and maintenance agreements. We provide software that allows customers to receive comprehensive market-agnostic connectivity, transaction and data management solutions. Software license revenues are recognized at the time of client acceptance and maintenance agreement revenues are recognized monthly over the life of the maintenance term subsequent to acceptance. Consulting services are offered for customization or installation of the software and for general advisory services. Consulting revenue is generally billed in arrears on a time and materials basis, although customers sometimes prepay for blocks of consulting services in bulk. NYSE Euronext records revenues from subscription agreements on a pro rata basis over the life of the subscription agreements. The unrealized portions of invoiced subscription fees, maintenance fees and prepaid consulting fees are recorded as deferred revenue on the consolidated statements of financial condition.

Other Revenues Other revenues include trading license fees, fees for facilities, fees for servicing existing listed companies (including fees from the recent acquisition of Corpedia) and other services provided to designated market markers ("DMMs"), brokers and clerks physically located on the floors of our U.S. markets that enable them to engage in the purchase and sale of securities on the trading floor, the revenues of our former NYSE Blue joint venture (our results for the current quarter include only BlueNext) and fees for clearance and settlement activities in our European markets, as well as regulatory revenues. Regulatory fees are charged to member organizations of our U.S. securities exchanges.

Components of Expenses Section 31 Fees See "- Sources of Revenues - Transaction and Clearing Fees" above.

Liquidity Payments, Routing and Clearing We offer our customers a variety of liquidity payment structures, tailored to specific market and product characteristics in order to attract order flow, enhance liquidity and promote use of our markets. We charge a "per share" or "per contract" execution fee to the market participant who takes the liquidity on certain of our trading platforms and, in turn, we pay, on certain of our markets, a portion of this "per share" or "per contract" execution fee to the market participant who provides the liquidity.

We also incur routing charges in the U.S. when we do not have the best bid or offer in the market for a security that a customer is trying to buy or sell on one of our U.S. securities exchanges. In that case, we route the customer's order to the external market center that displays the best bid or offer. The external market center charges us a fee per share (denominated in tenths of a cent per share) for routing to its system. We include costs incurred due to erroneous trade execution within routing and clearing. Furthermore, NYSE Arca incurs clearance, brokerage and related transaction expenses, which primarily include costs incurred in self-clearing activities, and per trade service fees paid to exchanges for trade execution.

41 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Other Operating Expenses Other operating expenses include compensation, depreciation and amortization, systems and communications, professional services, selling, general and administrative, and merger expenses and exit costs.

Compensation Compensation expense includes employee salaries, incentive compensation (including stock-based compensation) and related benefits expense, including pension, medical, post-retirement medical and supplemental executive retirement plan ("SERP") charges. Part-time help, primarily related to security personnel at the NYSE, is also recorded as part of compensation.

Depreciation and Amortization Depreciation and amortization expenses consist of costs from depreciating fixed assets (including computer hardware and capitalized software) and amortizing intangible assets over their estimated useful lives.

Systems and Communications Systems and communications expense includes costs for development and maintenance of trading, regulatory and administrative systems; investments in system capacity, reliability and security; and cost of network connectivity between our customers and data centers, as well as connectivity to various other market centers. Systems and communications expense also includes fees paid to third-party providers of networks and information technology resources, including fees for consulting, research and development services, software rental costs and licenses, hardware rental and related fees paid to third-party maintenance providers.

Professional Services Professional services expense includes consulting charges related to various technological and operational initiatives, including fees paid to LCH.Clearnet in connection with certain clearing guarantee arrangements and FINRA in connection with the performance of certain member firm regulatory functions, as well as legal and audit fees.

Selling, General and Administrative Selling, general and administrative expenses include (i) occupancy costs, (ii) marketing costs consisting of advertising, printing and promotion expenses, (iii) insurance premiums, travel and entertainment expenses, co-branding, investor education and advertising expenses with NYSE listed companies, (iv) general and administrative expenses and (v) regulatory fine income levied by NYSE Regulation. Regulatory fine income must be used for regulatory purposes.

Subsequent to the July 30, 2007 asset purchase agreement with FINRA, the amount of regulatory fine income has been relatively immaterial.

Merger Expenses and Exit Costs Merger expenses and exit costs consist of severance costs and related curtailment losses, contract termination costs, depreciation charges triggered by the acceleration of certain fixed asset useful lives, as well as legal and other professional fees and expenses directly attributable to business combinations and cost reduction initiatives.

42 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Results of Operations Year Ended December 31, 2012 Versus Year Ended December 31, 2011 The following table sets forth NYSE Euronext's consolidated statements of operations for the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, as well as the percentage increase or decrease for each item for the year ended December 31, 2012, as compared to such item for the year ended December 31, 2011.

Year Ended December 31, Percent (Dollars in Millions) 2012 2011 Increase (Decrease) Revenues Transaction and clearing fees $ 2,393 $ 3,162 (24 )% Market data 348 371 (6 )% Listing 448 446 - % Technology services 341 358 (5 )% Other revenues 219 215 2 % Total revenues 3,749 4,552 (18 )% Transaction-based expenses: Section 31 fees 301 371 (19 )% Liquidity payments, routing and clearing 1,124 1,509 (26 )% Total revenues, less transaction-based expenses 2,324 2,672 (13 )% Other operating expenses: Compensation 601 638 (6 )% Depreciation and amortization 260 280 (7 )% Systems and communications 176 188 (6 )% Professional services 299 299 - % Selling, general and administrative 245 303 (19 )% Merger expenses and exit costs 134 114 18 % Total other operating expenses 1,715 1,822 (6 )% Operating income 609 850 (28 )% Interest expense (140 ) (123 ) 14 % Interest and investment income 4 7 (43 )% Loss from associates (8 ) (9 ) (11 )% Other income 5 - 100 % Income before income taxes 470 725 (35 )% Income tax provision (105 ) (122 ) (14 )% Net income 365 603 (39 )% Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest (17 ) 16 (206 )% Net income attributable to NYSE Euronext $ 348 $ 619 (44 )% 43 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------Highlights For the year ended December 31, 2012, NYSE Euronext reported total revenues, less transaction-based expenses, operating income and net income attributable to NYSE Euronext of $2,324 million, $609 million and $348 million, respectively.

This compares to total revenues, less transaction-based expenses, operating income and net income attributable to NYSE Euronext of $2,672 million, $850 million and $619 million, respectively, for the year ended December 31, 2011.

The $348 million decrease in total revenues, less transaction-based expenses, $241 million decrease in operating income and $271 million decrease in net income attributable to NYSE Euronext for the period reflect the following principal factors: Decreased total revenues, less transaction-based expenses - The period-over-period decrease in total revenues, less transaction-based expenses was primarily due to lower volumes across most of our trading venues and negative foreign currency impact of $55 million.

Decreased operating income - The period-over-period decrease in operating income of $241 million was primarily due to lower total revenues, less transaction-based expenses, partially offset by reduced operating expenses.

Excluding the net impact of merger and exit activities, foreign currency ($27 million), new business initiatives ($42 million) and a tax settlement related to BlueNext ($42 million) recorded in 2011, our other operating expenses for the year ended December 31, 2012 decreased $100 million or 6% as compared to the year ended December 31, 2011.

Decreased net income attributable to NYSE Euronext - As compared to the year ended December 31, 2011, the period-over-period decrease in net income attributable to NYSE Euronext of $271 million was mainly due to (i) decreased operating income, (ii) $24 million of debt financing costs consisting primarily of the premium paid to former bondholders to tender previously issued notes, and (iii) higher effective tax rate.

Segment Results We operate under three reportable segments: Derivatives, Cash Trading and Listings, and Information Services and Technology Solutions. We evaluate the performance of our operating segments based on revenue and operating income. For discussion of these segments, see Note 5 to the consolidated financial statements and "- Overview" above.

% of Total Revenues Segment Revenues (in millions) 2012 2011 2012 2011 Derivatives $ 910 $ 1,135 24 % 25 % Cash Trading and Listings 2,365 2,929 63 % 64 %Information Services and Technology Solutions 473 490 13 % 11 % Total segment revenues $ 3,748 $ 4,554 100 % 100 % Derivatives Year Ended December 31, (in millions) Increase % of Revenues 2012 2011 (Decrease) 2012 2011 Transaction and clearing fees $ 821 $ 1,046 (22 )% 90 % 92 % Market data 43 48 (10 )% 5 % 4 % Other revenues 46 41 12 % 5 % 4 % Total revenues 910 1,135 (20 )% 100 % 100 %Transaction-based expenses: Liquidity payments, routing and clearing 228 274 (17 )% 25 % 24 % Total revenues, less transaction-based expenses 682 861 (21 )% 75 % 76 % Merger expenses and exit costs 33 3 NM 4 % 1 % Other operating expenses 387 388 - % 43 % 34 % Operating income $ 262 $ 470 (44 )% 28 % 41 % NM = Not Meaningful.

For the year ended December 31, 2012, Derivatives operating income decreased $208 million to $262 million, and operating income as a percentage of revenues decreased 13 percentage points to 28%. The decrease was primarily due to a 17% decrease in average daily volume in our European derivative trading venues and a 12% decrease in average daily volume in our U.S. equity option contracts coupled with higher merger expenses and exit costs and the negative impact of foreign currency translation (approximately $3 million).

44 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Cash Trading and Listings Year Ended December 31, (in millions) Increase % of Revenues 2012 2011 (Decrease) 2012 2011 Transaction and clearing fees $ 1,572 $ 2,116 (26 )% 67 % 72 % Market data 173 193 (10 )% 7 % 7 % Listing 448 446 - % 19 % 15 % Other revenues 172 174 (1 )% 7 % 6 % Total revenues 2,365 2,929 (19 )% 100 % 100 % Transaction-based expenses: Section 31 fees 301 371 (19 )% 13 % 13 % Liquidity payments, routing and clearing 896 1,235 (27 )% 38 % 42 % Total revenues, less transaction-based expenses 1,168 1,323 (12 )% 49 % 45 % Merger expenses and exit costs 28 19 47 % 1 % 1 % Other operating expenses 718 832 (14 )% 30 % 28 % Operating income $ 422 $ 472 (11 )% 18 % 16 % For the year ended December 31, 2012, Cash Trading and Listings operating income as a percentage of revenues increased 2 percentage points to 18% despite a $50 million decrease in operating income to $422 million. The decrease in operating income was primarily due to a decrease in our total revenues, less transaction-based expenses of $155 million driven by (i) a decrease in our European cash average daily volume of 16% and in our U.S. cash average daily volume of 27% and (ii) the negative impact of foreign currency translation (approximately $17 million), partially offset by (iii) a $114 million decrease in other operating expenses. Other operating expenses for the year ended December 31, 2011 included a $42 million charge incurred in connection with BlueNext's settlement of a tax matter with the French tax authorities of which 40%, or $17 million, was contributed by Caisse des Dépôts (see "Noncontrolling Interest"). Excluding the 2011 impact of the BlueNext tax matter, Cash Trading and Listings other operating expenses decreased $72 million as part of our cost containment initiatives.

Information Services and Technology Solutions Year Ended December 31, (in millions) % of Revenues 2012 2011 Increase (Decrease) 2012 2011 Market data $ 132 $ 130 2 % 28 % 27 % Technology services 341 360 (5 )% 72 % 73 % Total revenues 473 490 (3 )% 100 % 100 % Merger expenses and exit costs 18 4 350 % 4 % 1 % Other operating expenses 360 364 (1 )% 76 % 74 % Operating income $ 95 $ 122 (22 )% 20 % 25 % For the year ended December 31, 2012, Information Services and Technology Solutions operating income decreased $27 million to $95 million, and operating income as a percentage of revenues decreased 5 percentage points to 20%. The decrease was primarily due to (i) a $17 million decrease in total revenues (including a $14 million negative impact of foreign currency) as a result of weak market conditions and the reduction of our customers technology expenditures and (ii) higher severance charges incurred in the 2012 period as we begin to realize operating efficiencies in this reportable segment.

Corporate/Eliminations Year Ended December 31, (in millions) Increase 2012 2011 (Decrease) Other revenues $ 1 $ (2 ) 150 % Total revenues 1 (2 ) 150 % Merger expenses and exit costs 55 88 (38 )% Other operating expenses 116 124 (6 )% Operating (loss) income $ (170 ) $ (214 ) (21 )% Corporate and eliminations include unallocated costs primarily related to corporate governance, public company expenses, and costs associated with our pension, SERP and postretirement benefit plans as well as intercompany eliminations of revenues and expenses. The decrease in merger expenses and exit costs was mainly due to (i) lower legal, investment banking and other professional fees and costs incurred in connection with the terminated Proposed Business Combination with Deutsche Börse in 2012 ($11 million) compared to 2011 ($85 million), partially offset by (ii) legal and investment banking fees incurred in connection with the December 2012 business combination with ICE ($8 million), and (iii) the decision to discontinue our clearing house build out and related exit costs following the December 2012 signing of a clearing agreement with ICE under which ICE Clear will provide LIFFE Administration and Management central counterparty clearing services beginning July 1, 2013 ($38 million).

45 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Non-Operating Income and Expenses Interest Expense Interest expense is primarily attributable to the interest expense on the debt incurred in connection with our senior notes. The $17 million year-over-year increase is primarily due to $24 million of debt refinancing costs consisting primarily of the premium paid to former bondholders in connection with the tender of previously issued notes. (See "Liquidity and Capital Resources").

Interest and Investment Income The decrease in our average cash and investment balances, reduction of interest rates and foreign currency rates were the primary drivers of the $3 million decrease in investment income.

Loss From Associates For the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, the loss primarily includes the impact of the investment in NYPC which is still in development stage.

Other Income For the year ended December 31, 2012, other income was $5 million, compared to $0 million for the year ended December 31, 2011. Other income consists primarily of foreign exchange gains and losses and dividends on certain investments, which may vary period-over-period. In 2012, other income included a net loss on disposal activities of $2 million reflecting the impact of unwinding the NYSE Blue joint venture.

Noncontrolling Interest For the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, NYSE Euronext recorded noncontrolling interest income of $17 million compared to a loss of $16 million in 2011. This reflects the operating income generated by NYSE Amex Options, partially offset by the operating losses of NYSE Liffe U.S. In 2011, we also recorded a $42 million charge incurred in connection with BlueNext's settlement of a tax matter with the French tax authorities of which 40%, or $17 million, was contributed by Caisse des Dépôts and reflected as noncontrolling interest.

Income Taxes For the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, NYSE Euronext provided for income taxes at an estimated tax rate of 22.3% and 16.8%, respectively. For the year ended December 31, 2012, NYSE Euronext's effective tax rate reflected (i) a discrete deferred tax benefit related to an enacted reduction in the corporate tax rate from 25% to 23% in the United Kingdom, and (ii) the release of reserves following a favorable settlement reached with the tax authorities in the United Kingdom regarding an uncertain tax position, which were more than offset by (iii) a discrete deferred tax expense related to the reorganization of certain of our U.S. businesses.

46 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Results of Operations Year Ended December 31, 2011 Versus Year Ended December 31, 2010 The following table sets forth NYSE Euronext's consolidated statements of operations for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, as well as the percentage increase or decrease for each item for the year ended December 31, 2011, as compared to such item for the year ended December 31, 2010.

Year Ended December 31, Percent (Dollars in Millions) 2011 2010 Increase (Decrease) Revenues Transaction and clearing fees $ 3,162 $ 3,128 1 % Market data 371 373 (1 )% Listing 446 422 6 % Technology services 358 318 13 % Other revenues 215 184 17 % Total revenues 4,552 4,425 3 % Transaction-based expenses: Section 31 fees 371 315 18 % Liquidity payments, routing and clearing 1,509 1,599 (6 )% Total revenues, less transaction-based expenses 2,672 2,511 6 % Other operating expenses: Compensation 638 613 4 % Depreciation and amortization 280 281 - % Systems and communications 188 206 (9 )% Professional services 299 282 6 % Selling, general and administrative 303 296 2 % Merger expenses and exit costs 114 88 30 % Total other operating expenses 1,822 1,766 3 % Operating income 850 745 14 % Interest expense (123 ) (111 ) 11 % Interest and investment income 7 3 Loss from associates (9 ) (6 ) 50 % Other income - 55 (100 )% Income before income taxes 725 686 6 % Income tax provision (122 ) (128 ) (5 )% Net income 603 558 8 % Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest 16 19 (16 )% Net income attributable to NYSE Euronext $ 619 $ 577 7 % Highlights For the year ended December 31, 2011, NYSE Euronext reported total revenues, less transaction-based expenses, operating income and net income attributable to NYSE Euronext of $2,672 million, $850 million and $619 million, respectively.

This compares to total revenues, less transaction-based expenses, operating income and net income attributable to NYSE Euronext of $2,511 million, $745 million and $577 million, respectively, for the year ended December 31, 2010.

The $161 million increase in total revenues, less transaction-based expenses, $105 million increase in operating income and $42 million increase in net income attributable to NYSE Euronext for the period reflect the following principal factors: Increased total revenues, less transaction-based expenses - Total revenues, less transaction-based expenses increased primarily due to growth in technology services revenue, strong trading volumes in our European cash and U.S.

derivatives businesses and positive foreign currency impact of $56 million.

Increased operating income - The period-over-period increase in operating income of $105 million was primarily due to an increase in total revenues, less transaction-based expenses partially offset by an increase in other operating expenses of $56 million primarily related to legal, investment banking and other professional fees and costs incurred in connection with the terminated Proposed Business Combination with Deutsche Börse. Excluding the net impact of merger and exit activities, a tax settlement related to BlueNext ($42 million), the impact of foreign currency ($27 million) and new business initiatives ($31 million), our other operating expenses decreased $70 million or 4% as compared to the year ended December 31, 2010.

Increased net income attributable to NYSE Euronext - As compared to the year ended December 31, 2010, the period-over-period increase in net income attributable to NYSE Euronext of $42 million was mainly due to increased operating income and slightly lower effective tax rate.

Segment Results We operate under three reportable segments: Derivatives, Cash Trading and Listings, and Information Services and Technology Solutions. We evaluate the performance of our operating segments based on revenue and operating income. For discussion of these segments, see Note 5 to the consolidated financial 47 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------statements and "- Overview" above.

% of Total Revenues Segment Revenues (in millions) 2011 2010 2011 2010 Derivatives $ 1,135 $ 1,088 25 % 25 % Cash Trading and Listings 2,929 2,893 64 % 65 %Information Services and Technology Solutions 490 444 11 % 10 % Total segment revenues $ 4,554 $ 4,425 100 % 100 % Derivatives Year Ended December 31, (in millions) Increase % of Revenues 2011 2010 (Decrease) 2011 2010 Transaction and clearing fees $ 1,046 $ 1,005 4 % 92 % 93 % Market data 48 47 2 % 4 % 4 % Other revenues 41 36 14 % 4 % 3 % Total revenues 1,135 1,088 4 % 100 % 100 % Transaction-based expenses: Liquidity payments, routing and clearing 274 262 5 % 24 % 24 % Total revenues, less transaction-based expenses 861 826 4 % 76 % 76 % Merger expenses and exit costs 3 15 (80 )% 1 % 2 % Other operating expenses 388 372 4 % 34 % 34 % Operating income $ 470 $ 439 7 % 41 % 40 % For the year ended December 31, 2011, Derivatives operating income increased $31 million to $470 million. The increase was primarily due to an increase in our U.S. options trading volume of 20%, improved non-transaction-based revenues, reduced merger expenses and exit costs and the favorable impact of foreign currency translation (approximately $16 million), partially offset by an increase in other operating expenses.

Cash Trading and Listings Year Ended December 31, (in millions) Increase % of Revenues 2011 2010 (Decrease) 2011 2010 Transaction and clearing fees $ 2,116 $ 2,123 - % 72 % 73 % Market data 193 200 (4 )% 7 % 7 % Listing 446 422 6 % 15 % 15 % Other revenues 174 148 18 % 6 % 5 % Total revenues 2,929 2,893 1 % 100 % 100 % Transaction-based expenses: Section 31 fees 371 315 18 % 13 % 11 % Liquidity payments, routing and clearing 1,235 1,337 (8 )% 42 % 46 % Total revenues, less transaction-based expenses 1,323 1,241 7 % 45 % 43 % Merger expenses and exit costs 19 56 (66 )% 1 % 2 % Other operating expenses 832 809 3 % 28 % 28 % Operating income $ 472 $ 376 26 % 16 % 13 % For the year ended December 31, 2011, Cash Trading and Listings operating income increased $96 million to $472 million. This was primarily due to an increase in total revenues, less transaction-based expenses reflecting improved listing fees, an increase in our European cash trading volumes, higher average net revenue capture for U.S. cash equity, and the favorable impact of foreign currency translation (approximately $10 million). Other operating expenses for the year ended December 31, 2011 included a $42 million charge incurred in connection with BlueNext's settlement of a tax matter with the French tax authorities of which 40% or $17 million was contributed by Caisse des Dépôts (see "Noncontrolling Interest"). Excluding the impact of the BlueNext tax matter, Cash Trading and Listings other operating expenses decreased $19 million as part of our cost containment initiatives.

48 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------Information Services and Technology Solutions Year Ended December 31, (in millions) % of Revenues 2011 2010 Increase (Decrease) 2011 2010 Market data $ 130 $ 126 3 % 27 % 28 % Technology services 360 318 13 % 73 % 72 % Total revenues 490 444 10 % 100 % 100 % Merger expenses and exit costs 4 17 (76 )% 1 % 4 % Other operating expenses 364 355 3 % 74 % 80 % Operating income $ 122 $ 72 69 % 25 % 16 % For the year ended December 31, 2011, Information Services and Technology Solutions operating income increased $50 million to $122 million. The increase was primarily due to the growth of our software business and the increase in our global connectivity fees related to the new data centers in Mahwah and Basildon as well as the favorable impact of foreign currency translation (approximately $4 million), partially offset by an increase in other operating expenses in connection with the run of our data centers, as well as new personnel and consultants to support the growth of our Information Services and Technology Solutions revenues.

Corporate/Eliminations Year Ended December 31, (in millions) Increase 2011 2010 (Decrease) Other revenues $ (2 ) $ - (100 )% Total revenues (2 ) - (100 )% Merger expenses and exit costs 88 - 100 % Other operating expenses 124 142 (13 )% Operating (loss) income $ (214 ) $ (142 ) 51 % Corporate and eliminations include unallocated costs primarily related to corporate governance, public company expenses, duplicate costs associated with migrating our data centers and costs associated with our pension, SERP and postretirement benefit plans as well as intercompany eliminations of revenues and expenses. The increase in merger expenses and exit costs was mainly due to legal, investment banking and other professional fees and costs incurred in connection with the terminated Proposed Business Combination with Deutsche Börse.

Non-Operating Income and Expenses Interest Expense Interest expense is primarily attributable to the interest expense on the debt incurred in connection with our senior notes. The increase is primarily a result of the fact that we no longer capitalize a portion of our interest expense for the development of our Mahwah and Basildon data centers which became operational in the second half of 2010. (See "Liquidity and Capital Resources").

Interest and Investment Income The increase in our average cash and investment balances, reduction of interest rates and foreign currency rates were the primary drivers of the $4 million increase in investment income.

Loss From Associates For the year ended December 31, 2011, the increase in loss from associates is primarily due to the impact of the investment in NYPC which was in development stage.

Other Income For the year ended December 31, 2010, we recognized a $56 million one-time gain on the sale of our equity investment in the National Stock Exchange of India. We did not record any material other income or expense items in the 2011 period.

Noncontrolling Interest For the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, NYSE Euronext recorded noncontrolling interest loss of $16 million and $19 million, respectively. In 2011, noncontrolling interest loss consisted primarily of (i) the portion of the NYSE Liffe U.S. and NYSE Blue losses not owned by NYSE Euronext, (ii) the noncontrolling interest portion of the BlueNext tax settlement corresponding to Caisse des Dépôts' 40% pro rata share of such charge, partially offset by (iii) the noncontrolling interest income reflecting the profitability attributable to NYSE Amex Options. In June 2011, we completed the sale of a significant equity interest in NYSE Amex Options to seven external investors.

Income Taxes For the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, NYSE Euronext provided for income taxes at an estimated tax rate of 16.8% and 18.7%, respectively. For the year ended December 31, 2011, NYSE Euronext's overall effective tax rate was lower than the statutory rate primarily due to a discrete deferred tax benefit related to an enacted reduction in the corporate tax rate in the United Kingdom and higher earnings generated from foreign operations, where the applicable foreign jurisdictions tax rate is lower than the statutory rate.

49 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Liquidity and Capital Resources NYSE Euronext's financial policy seeks to finance the growth of its business, remunerate shareholders and ensure financial flexibility, while maintaining strong creditworthiness and liquidity. NYSE Euronext's primary sources of liquidity are cash flows from operating activities, current assets and existing bank facilities. NYSE Euronext's principal liquidity requirements are for working capital, capital expenditures and general corporate use.

Cash flows For the year ended December 31, 2012, net cash provided by operating activities was $635 million, representing primarily net income of $365 million and depreciation and amortization of $261 million.

Capital expenditures for the year ended December 31, 2012 were $191 million.

During the year ended December 31, 2012, we repurchased 17.0 million shares of our common stock for approximately $452 million and paid $297 million in dividends to our shareholders.

Under the terms of the operating agreement of the NYSE, no regulatory fees, fines or penalties collected by NYSE Regulation may be distributed to NYSE Euronext or any entity other than NYSE Regulation. As a result, the use of regulatory fees, fines and penalties collected by NYSE Regulation may be considered restricted. As of December 31, 2012, NYSE Euronext did not have significant restricted cash balances.

As of December 31, 2012, approximately $208 million of cash and cash equivalents was held by NYSE Euronext's foreign subsidiaries. If these funds were repatriated to the U.S., NYSE Euronext would be required to accrue and pay U.S.

taxes except for the amount of cash, if any, that would be treated as a return of capital for U.S. tax purposes.

Net financial indebtedness As of December 31, 2012, NYSE Euronext had approximately $2.5 billion in debt outstanding and $0.4 billion of cash, cash equivalents and financial investments, resulting in $2.1 billion in net indebtedness. We define net indebtedness as outstanding debt less cash, cash equivalents and financial investments.

Net indebtedness was as follows (in millions): December 31, December 31, 2012 2011 Cash and cash equivalents $ 337 $ 396 Financial investments 43 36 Cash, cash equivalents and financial investments 380 432 Short term debt 454 39 Long term debt 2,055 2,036 Total debt 2,509 2,075 Net indebtedness $ 2,129 $ 1,643 Cash, cash equivalents and financial investments are managed as a global treasury portfolio of non-speculative financial instruments that are readily convertible into cash, such as overnight deposits, term deposits, money market funds, mutual funds for treasury investments, short duration fixed income investments and other money market instruments, thus ensuring high liquidity of financial assets.

As of December 31, 2012, NYSE Euronext's main debt instruments were as follows (in millions): Principal amount as of December 31, 2012 Maturity 4.8% senior unsecured notes in U.S. dollar $ 414 June 28, 2013 5.375% senior unsecured notes in Euro €920 ($1,214) June 30, 2015 2.0% senior unsecured notes in U.S. dollar $ 850 October 5, 2017 In 2007, NYSE Euronext entered into a U.S. dollar and euro-denominated global commercial paper program of $3.0 billion in order to refinance the acquisition of the Euronext shares. As of December 31, 2012, NYSE Euronext had no debt outstanding under this commercial paper program. The effective interest rate of commercial paper issuances does not materially differ from short term interest rates (Libor U.S. for commercial paper issued in U.S. dollar and Euribor for commercial paper issued in euro). The fluctuation of these rates due to market conditions may therefore impact the interest expense incurred by NYSE Euronext.

The commercial paper program is backed by a $1.0 billion syndicated revolving bank facility maturing on June 15, 2015. This bank facility is available for general corporate purposes and was not drawn on as of December 31, 2012. This bank facility was entered into on June 15, 2012 to refinance the bank facility entered into in 2007 for an amount of $2.0 billion and subsequently amended and reduced to an amount of $1.2 billion in 2011. The commercial paper program and the credit facilities include terms and conditions customary for agreements of this type, which may restrict NYSE Euronext's ability to engage in additional transactions or incur additional indebtedness.

In 2008 and 2009, NYSE Euronext issued $750 million of 4.8% fixed rate bonds due in June 2013 and €1 billion of 5.375% fixed rate bonds due in June 2015 in order to, among other things, refinance outstanding commercial paper and lengthen the maturity profile of its debt. On October 5, 2012, NYSE Euronext issued $850 million of 2.0% senior unsecured notes due in October 2017. The net proceeds from the offering were used, in part, to purchase approximately $336 million of the outstanding 4.8% notes due in June 2013 and approximately €80 million of the outstanding 5.375% notes due in June 2015 in concurrent cash tender offers. As of December 31, 2012, the outstanding principal amount under the 4.8% notes due in June 2013 and the outstanding 5.375% notes due in June 2015 were $414 million and €920 million, respectively. The terms of the bonds do not contain any financial covenants. The bonds may be redeemed by NYSE Euronext or the bond holders under certain customary circumstances, including a change in control accompanied by a downgrade of the bonds below an investment grade rating. The terms of the bonds also provide for customary events of default and a negative pledge covenant.

50 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- As of December 31, 2012, we were in compliance with all of our debt instruments covenants in all material respects.

Liquidity risk NYSE Euronext continually reviews its liquidity and debt positions and, subject to market conditions and credit and strategic considerations, may from time to time determine to vary the maturity profile of its debt and diversify its sources of financing. NYSE Euronext anticipates being able to support short-term liquidity and operating needs primarily through existing cash balances and financing arrangements, along with future cash flows from operations. If existing financing arrangements are insufficient to meet the anticipated needs of its current operations or to refinance existing debt, NYSE Euronext may seek additional financing in either the debt or equity markets. NYSE Euronext may also seek equity or debt financing in connection with future acquisitions or other strategic transactions. While we believe that we generally have access to debt markets, including bank facilities and publicly and privately issued long and short term debt, we may not be able to obtain additional financing on acceptable terms or at all.

Because commercial paper's new issues generally fund the retirement of old issues, NYSE Euronext is exposed to the rollover risk of not being able to issue new commercial paper. In order to mitigate the rollover risk, NYSE Euronext maintains undrawn backstop bank facilities for an aggregate amount exceeding at any time the amount issued under its commercial paper program. In case we would not be able to issue new commercial paper, we may draw on these backstop facilities.

Share Repurchase Program In 2008, our board of directors authorized the repurchase of up to $1 billion of our common stock. Under the program, we may repurchase stock from time to time at the discretion of management in open market or privately negotiated transactions or otherwise, subject to applicable U.S. or European laws, regulations and approvals, strategic considerations, market conditions and other factors. This stock repurchase plan does not obligate us to repurchase any dollar amount or number of shares of our common stock and any such repurchases will be made in compliance with the applicable laws and regulations, including rules and regulations of the SEC and applicable EU regulations and regulations of the AMF.

A summary of common stock purchases is as follows: Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities (dollars in millions, except per share amounts) Approximate Total Number of Dollar Value of Shares Purchased as Shares that May Average Part of Publicly Yet Be Purchased Total Number of Price Paid Announced Plans or Under the Plans Period Shares Purchased Per Share Programs or Programs At 9/30/2012 32,955,333 $ 129 10/1/2012 thru 10/30/2012 1,037,500 $ 24.63 33,992,833 102 11/1/2012 thru 11/30/2012 98,500 $ 25.16 34,091,333 100 12/1/2012 thru 12/31/2012 - $ - - 100 1,136,000 Summary Disclosures About Contractual Obligations The table below summarizes NYSE Euronext's debt, future minimum lease obligations on its operating leases and other commitments as of December 31, 2012 (in millions): Payments Due by Year(1) Total 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Thereafter Debt (principal and accrued interest obligations) $ 2,509 $ 454 $ - $ 1,208 $ - $ 847 $ - Debt (future interest obligations) 255 47 92 82 17 17 - Operating lease obligations 313 60 56 48 30 21 98 Other commitments 3 1 2 - - - - $ 3,080 $ 562 $ 150 $ 1,338 $ 47 $ 885 $ 98 (1 ) As of December 31, 2012, obligations under capital leases were not significant. NYSE Euronext also has obligations related to other post-retirement benefits, deferred compensation and unrecognized tax positions. The date of payment under these obligations cannot be determined.

See Notes 7 - "Pension and Other Benefit Programs," 9 - "Stock Based Compensation," and 15 - "Income Taxes" to the consolidated financial statements. In addition, the external investors in our NYSE Amex Options market have received an equity instrument which is tied to their individual contribution to the options exchange's success and have the option to require NYSE Euronext to repurchase a portion of the instruments on an annual basis over the course of five years starting in 2011. The amount NYSE Euronext is required to purchase under this arrangement is capped each year at between 5% and 15% of the total outstanding shares of NYSE Amex Options.

NYSE Euronext recognized the full redemption value, i.e. fair value, of this instrument as mezzanine equity and classified the related balance as "Redeemable noncontrolling interest" in the consolidated statement of financial condition as of December 31, 2012. However, NYSE Euronext cannot predict whether the external investors will elect to exercise their remaining put option.

51-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates The following provides information about NYSE Euronext's critical accounting policies and estimates. Critical accounting policies reflect significant judgments and uncertainties, and potentially produce materially different results, assumptions and conditions.

Revenue Recognition There are two types of fees applicable to companies listed on the NYSE, NYSE Arca, NYSE MKT and Euronext - listing fees and annual fees. Listing fees consist of two components: original listing fees and fees related to other corporate action. Original listing fees, subject to a minimum and maximum amount, are based on the number of shares that the company initially lists. Original listing fees, however, are generally not applicable to companies that transfer to one of our U.S. securities exchanges from another market, except for companies transferring to NYSE MKT from the over-the-counter market. Other corporate action related fees are paid by listed companies in connection with corporate actions involving the issuance of new shares. Annual fees are recognized on a pro rata basis over the calendar year. Original listing fees are recognized on a straight-line basis over their estimated service periods of 10 years for the NYSE and Euronext, and 5 years for NYSE Arca and NYSE MKT. Unamortized balances are recorded as deferred revenue on the consolidated statements of financial condition.

In addition, NYSE Euronext licenses software and provides software services which are accounted for in accordance with Subtopic 605 in the Software Topic of the Codification, which involves significant judgment. The technology services revenues in our consolidated statement of operations include revenues generated from the sale of software licenses, software related services as well as hardware components. We enter into multiple-element sales arrangements to provide technology solutions and services to our customers. In such arrangements, we first allocate the total arrangement consideration based on the relative selling prices of the software group of elements as a whole and to the non-software elements. We then further allocate consideration within the software group to the respective elements within that group in accordance with Subtopic 605 in the Software Topic of the Codification. We recognize revenues upon delivery of non-software elements of our technology solutions and services.

For software license arrangements that do not require customization or significant modification of the underlying software, we recognize revenues when (i) we enter into a legally binding agreement with a customer for the license of software, (ii) we deliver the products and (iii) customer payment is determinable and free of significant uncertainties or contingencies. Most of our arrangements are recognized in this manner. For software license arrangements that require customization or significant modification, we generally recognize revenues upon delivery provided the acceptance terms are perfunctory and all other revenue recognition criteria have been met. For revenues associated with maintenance and support, we recognize it ratably over the term of the arrangement, typically one to two years.

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets NYSE Euronext reviews the carrying value of goodwill for impairment at least annually based upon estimated fair value of NYSE Euronext's reporting units.

Should the review indicate that goodwill is impaired, NYSE Euronext's goodwill would be reduced by the difference between the carrying value of goodwill and its fair value.

NYSE Euronext reviews the useful life of its indefinite-lived intangible assets to determine whether events or circumstances continue to support the indefinite useful life categorization. In addition, the carrying value of NYSE Euronext's other intangible assets is reviewed by NYSE Euronext at least annually for impairment based upon the estimated fair value of the asset.

For purposes of performing the impairment test, fair values are determined using discounted cash flow methodology. This requires significant judgments including estimation of future cash flows, which, among other factors, is dependent on internal forecasts, estimation of the long-term rate of growth for businesses and determination of weighted average cost of capital. Changes in these estimates and assumptions could materially affect the determination of fair value and/or goodwill and other intangible impairment for each reporting unit.

Income Taxes NYSE Euronext records income taxes using the asset and liability method, under which current and deferred tax liabilities and assets are recorded in accordance with enacted tax laws and rates. Under this method, the amounts of deferred tax liabilities and assets at the end of each period are determined using the tax rate expected to be in effect when the taxes are actually paid or recovered.

Future tax benefits are recognized to the extent that realization of such benefits is more likely than not.

Deferred income taxes are provided for the estimated income tax effect of temporary differences between financial and tax bases in assets and liabilities.

Deferred tax assets are also provided for certain tax carryforwards. A valuation allowance to reduce deferred tax assets is established when it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.

NYSE Euronext is subject to tax regulations in numerous domestic and foreign jurisdictions primarily based on its operations in these jurisdictions.

Significant judgment is required in assessing the future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in NYSE Euronext's financial statements or tax returns. Fluctuations in the actual outcome of these future tax consequences could have a material impact on NYSE Euronext's financial position or results of operations.

Pension and Other Post-Retirement Employee Benefits Pension and other post-retirement employee benefits costs and liabilities are dependent on assumptions used in calculating such amounts. These assumptions include discount rates to measure future obligation and interest expense, health care cost trend rates, benefits earned, interest cost, expected return on assets, mortality rates, and other factors. In accordance with U.S. GAAP, actual results that differ from the assumptions are accumulated and amortized over future periods and, therefore, generally affect recognized expense and the recorded obligation in future periods. While management believes that the assumptions used are appropriate, differences in actual experience or changes in assumptions may affect NYSE Euronext's pension and other post-retirement obligations and future expense.

Hedging Activities NYSE Euronext uses derivative instruments to limit exposure to changes in foreign currency exchange rates and interest rates. NYSE Euronext accounts for derivatives pursuant to Derivatives and Hedging Topic of the Codification. The Derivatives and Hedging Topic establishes accounting and reporting standards for derivative instruments and requires that all derivatives be recorded at fair value on the statement of financial condition. Changes in the fair value of 52 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- derivative financial instruments are either recognized in other comprehensive income or net income depending on whether the derivative is being used to hedge changes in cash flows or changes in fair value.

Recently Issued Accounting Guidance The FASB issued ASU 2012-02, Testing Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets for Impairment, which amends certain provisions in the Subtopic 350-30 in the Intangibles - Goodwill and Other Topic of the Codification. The FASB issued ASU 2012-02 in response to feedback on ASU 2011-08 which amended the goodwill impairment testing requirements by allowing an entity to perform a qualitative impairment assessment before proceeding to the two-step impairment test.

Similarly, under ASU 2012-02, an entity testing an indefinite-lived intangible asset for impairment has the option of performing a qualitative assessment before calculating the fair value of the asset. If the entity determines, on the basis of qualitative factors, that the fair value of the indefinite-lived intangible asset is not more likely than not (i.e., a likelihood of more than 50 percent) impaired, the entity would not need to calculate the fair value of the asset. This ASU does not revise the requirement to test indefinite-lived intangible assets annually for impairment. In addition, this ASU does not amend the requirement to test these assets for impairment between annual tests if there is a change in events or circumstances; however, it does revise the examples of events and circumstances that an entity should consider in interim periods. ASU 2012-02 is effective for annual and interim impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after September 15, 2012. We do not believe that this will have a significant impact on our financial statements.

On February 5, 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-02, Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income, which amends certain provisions in the Subtopic 220-10 in the Comprehensive Income Topic of the Codification. The amendments in ASU 2013-02 add new disclosure requirements for items reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income ("AOCI"). The ASU 2013-02 requires entities to disclose additional information about reclassification adjustments, including (1) changes in AOCI balances by components and (2) significant items reclassified out of AOCI. These reclassifications can be presented in either before tax or net-of-tax as long as an entity presents the income tax benefit or expense attributable to each component of other comprehensive income ("OCI") and reclassification adjustments in either the financial statements or the notes to the financial statements as required by ASC 220-10-45-12. The ASU 2013-02 is intended to help entities improve the transparency of changes in OCI and items reclassified out of AOCI in the financial statements. It does not amend any existing requirements for reporting net income or OCI in the financial statements. These new disclosure requirements are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2012. The adoption of ASU 2013-02 will not have a significant impact on our financial statements.

53--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[ Back To TMCnet.com's Homepage ]





LATEST VIDEOS

DOWNLOAD CENTER

UPCOMING WEBINARS

MOST POPULAR STORIES





Technology Marketing Corporation

800 Connecticut Ave, 1st Floor East, Norwalk, CT 06854 USA
Ph: 800-243-6002, 203-852-6800
Fx: 203-866-3326

General comments: tmc@tmcnet.com.
Comments about this site: webmaster@tmcnet.com.

STAY CURRENT YOUR WAY

© 2014 Technology Marketing Corporation. All rights reserved | Privacy Policy