Scinai Immunotherapeutics Innovative Plaque Psoriasis Treatment Shows Encouraging Preclinical Results
Scinai’s NanoAbs downregulated key molecular markers overexpressed in plaque psoriasis
Stratum corneum regained normal appearance in laboratory 3D skin model
Results from ex-vivo study in human psoriatic skin anticipated in Q4 2023; In-vivo animal study results anticipated in early 2024
JERUSALEM, Sept. 13, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- via IBN – Scinai Immunotherapeutics Ltd. (Nasdaq: SCNI) a biopharmaceutical company focused on developing, manufacturing, and commercializing innovative inflammation and immunology (I&I) biological products primarily for the treatment of autoimmune and infectious diseases, today announces encouraging results in a preclinical study of Scinai’s anti-interleukin 17 (IL-17) NanoAbs as a treatment for plaque psoriasis.
Scinai’s NanoAbs are alpaca-derived recombinant variable domain of heavy-chain-only antibodies and are also known as nanobodies or VHH antibodies. The NanoAbs were tested in a 3D biologic skin model constructed out of a scaffold mounted with various skin cells to generate layers that mimic the structure of human skin and induced to express plaque psoriasis. Upon introduction of NanoAbs into the model (either topically or subcutaneously), standard molecular markers for psoriasis that are overexpressed in the disease (S100A7, CXCL1, and CCL20) were downregulated and outer skin layers (stratum corneum) regained normal appearance. These results suggest NanoAbs’ therapeutic potential to relieve symptoms of plaque psoriasis. In earlier laboratory tests the NanoAbs showed not only high affinity to all three IL-17 isoforms relevant for psoriasis (A, F and AF complex), but also significant neutralization of these isoforms in tissue cultures.
IL-17 plays a major role in the development of plaque psoriasis and is the molecular target of several recently launched biological treatments, mainly monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), such as Cosentyx (Novartis, NYSE: NVS) and Taltz (Lilly, NYSE: LLY), both of which target IL-17A. Research shows that targeting IL-17F isoform in addition to IL-17A provides higher efficacy in treating plaque psoriasis. The recently launched Bimzelx (UCB, Euronext Brussels: UCB) was the first mAb targeting both IL-17A and F to be approved by the by the European Medicines Agency (EMA). MoonLake Immunotherapeutics (Nasdaq: MLTX, Market Cap $3.1B) is also developing a nanobody targeting both IL-17A and F. Last year, MoonLake reported superior results vs. Cosentyx in a phase 2 plaque psoriasis clinical trial. All the above-mentioned antibodies, indicated only for moderate to severe psoriasis patients, are administered by subcutaneous injection for systemic drug distribution and carry risk of considerable side effects. These drugs are also expensive as they require chronic, life long, bi-weekly injections, each at a cost of several thousand dollars. Mild psoriasis, which accounts for 50% of plaque psoriatic patients, unfortunately has no safe and affordable biological drug available. xperience shows that even the 28% of patients with moderate plaque psoriasis tend to avoid or delay onset of these biological treatments due to the associated risks.
Conversely, Scinai’s NanoAbs are designed to be administered locally to the dermis and are engineered to degrade in a way that should prevent systemic side effects. Results of this recent study suggest the potential for a highly efficacious, specific, yet safer and more convenient treatment for the large and underserved population of mild to moderate plaque psoriasis patients.
The NanoAb, exclusively licensed to Scinai, was discovered by Professor Dirk Görlich, Director at the Max Planck Institute for Multidisciplinary Sciences and was tested for neutralization at the laboratory of Professor Matthias Dobbelstein at University Medical Center Göttingen (UMG). Görlich and Dobbelstein are Scinai’s lead collaborators for development of a pipeline of NanoAb-based inflammation and immunology (I&I) biological therapeutics for the treatment of autoimmune and infectious diseases such as psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, asthma, wet AMD and COVID-19.
Scinai recently started to evaluate the anti-IL-17 NanoAbs in a full human skin model induced for plaque psoriasis to evaluate the effective dose and schedule of treatment, with in-vivo animal studies anticipated in early 2024.
About Scinai Immunotherapeutics Ltd.
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