Opiant Pharmaceuticals Announces First Subjects Dosed in Study Comparing OPNT003, Nasal Nalmefene, With Nasal Naloxone
SANTA MONICA, Calif., April 05, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Opiant Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“Opiant”) (NASDAQ: OPNT), a specialty pharmaceutical company developing medicines to treat addictions and drug overdose, today announced that the first subjects were dosed in a head-to-head clinical study comparing the effectiveness of its investigational opioid antagonist OPNT003, nasal nalmefene, with nasal naloxone.
The single-center, randomized, open-label study in heathy volunteers will evaluate the effectiveness of 3mg nasal nalmefene, in comparison to 4 mg nasal naloxone, to reverse the respiratory depression produced by the synthetic opioid, remifentanil. Details of this clinical trial can be found listed on www.clinicaltrials.gov. Identifier: NCT04828005. An overdose can be fatal when an opioid interrupts the body’s natural drive to breathe. Top-line data from the trial are expected in the fourth quarter 2021.
According to provisional data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 63,000 opioid overdose deaths were recorded in the United States during the 12 months ending August 2020 – a 31% increase to the prior year and record high¹. The most common are overdoses from synthetic opioids, such as illicitly manufactured fentanyl, which is 50x more potent than heroin.
“The initiation of this head-to-head study is an important step in our comprehensive development program for OPNT003, nasal nalmefene,” said Dr. Roger Crystal, President and CEO, Opiant Pharmaceuticals. “The potential for a faster acting, longer duration antagonist holds promise in the fight against an increasing number of opioid overdoses that have been driven by more powerful synthetic opioids, such as fentanyl. By directly comparing OPNT003 to nasal naloxone, we hope to generate additional data to support the potential therapeutic benefits of OPNT003, nasal nalmefene.”
Multiple studies have demonstrated nalmefene’s potency to be more than five-fold igher than naloxone at mu opioid receptors. Moreover, its reported plasma half-life is up to eight hours, which is significantly longer than naloxone’s half-life of less than two hours. This longer duration potentially reduces the likelihood of renarcotization, which can occur when a victim has taken a long-acting opioid like fentanyl, which has a half-life of seven to eight hours².
In December 2020, the CDC issued a Health Alert Network Advisory warning of substantial increases in drug overdose deaths across the U.S. driven primarily by increases in deaths involving synthetic opioids. Based on the potency of synthetic opioids, the CDC advised healthcare providers to counsel patients that multiple doses of naloxone may be needed for a single overdose event³. The leadership of the National Institute of Health (NIH) has highlighted the need for stronger, longer-acting formulations of antagonists to help prevent overdose deaths4.
The development of OPNT003 is supported by grants from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, part of the National Institutes of Health, and the Biological Advance Research and Development Agency.
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