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COVID-19 Lockdown and Piracy: A Toxic Combination for Cybersecurity, Digital Citizens Alliance Research Finds
[February 23, 2021]

COVID-19 Lockdown and Piracy: A Toxic Combination for Cybersecurity, Digital Citizens Alliance Research Finds

WASHINGTON, Feb. 23, 2021 /PRNewswire/ -- Millions of Americans who are conducting sensitive or confidential work on home networks during the COVID-19 crisis are substantially more likely to face malware and other security threats if they also have piracy devices and apps in their homes, according to a new Digital Citizens Alliance (DCA) research study.

A research survey commissioned by DCA found that those who had piracy devices and apps in the home were three times more likely to report an issue with malware than those who didn't have such a device in the home. The poll shows how people are managing the pandemic as we approach the one-year anniversary of the start of large-scale quarantines that forced millions of Americans into their homes and out of their offices. The findings are particularly troubling when it comes to those who work in jobs that can include sensitive or confidential information, such as corporate finance, national security, government, or the medical and legal fields.

Fifty percent of those who work in jobs that can include sensitive or confidential information who said they had a piracy device in their home reported having an issue with malware in the last year. Only 17% who said they didn't have a piracy device reported malware, according to the study.

"When tens of millions of Americans were forced to work from home, it created a golden opportunity for hackers to mine their computers for sensitive information," said Tom Galvin, executive director of the DCA. "Many Americans don't realize that they open a window to their home when they plug a piracy device into their network. And if they work in jobs that can affect the economy or national security, for example, it's a recipe for disaster."

Timothy P. Murphy, the CEO of Consortium Networks and a former Deputy Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation said about the research: "What's clear is remote working is becoming increasingly more normalized; what's not clear is the impact of piracy devices and apps on economic and national security. We can't accept the risk or threat to the integrity of networks or our security solely on whether a piracy device is in the home. More research is needed to better understand the actual impact of these new vehicles for criminals and vulnerabilities for citizens, businesses, and law enforcement."

As streaming emerged as the go-to way to watch TV shows and movies, hackers seized the moment. In 2019, Digital Citizens detailed how malware was spread through piracy apps. In one case, soon after a researcher downloaded a piracy app, malware within the app forwarded the researcher's Wi-Fi network name and password to a server that appeared to be in Indonesia.

Shortly after, Microsoft and others posted warnings about the rise of malware from piracy apps and devices, and the Federal Trade Commission warned that piracy apps and devices pose a risk to home networks: "If malicious software on the pirate app gets inside your wireless network, it may try to infect other devices connected to your network. That could put at risk the computer you use for sensitive transactions like online banking or shopping. It could also expose your photos and other personal information."

At the time, the belief was that malware posed the biggest threat to consumers. But the lockdown has turned homes into remote workplaces, with employees of small businesses, corporations, governments, non-profits, the military, and others sharing networks. That development raises a significant potential threat if malware is able to move from a network to a computer containing sensitive information, such as supply chain logistics or confidential financial information.

For example, in 2020 Malwarebytes conducted a survey of COVID's impact on business cyber security. One in 4 surveyed reported that "they paid unexpected expenses specifically to address a cybersecurity breach or malware attack following shelter-in- place orders."

The DCA research explored attitudes on entertainment options during the COVID lockdowns and reliance on pirate websites and devices and apps. Here are the key takeaways:

  • Two-thirds (66.5%) of Americans said they've been watching more TV shows and movies than they did prior to the COVID crisis. Those aged 18-29 were the most likely to be glued to their televisions and other devices, with 71% reporting they watched more content.
  • When it comes to content available, about half (52%) said there was "more than enough content to entertain me during the lockdown."
  • One in 5 Americans (20%) said they visit pirate websites, while 1 in 10 (10%) said they have a pirate device with apps in their home. More than 1 in 3 (35%) reported that they purchased the device online, which prior DCA research has shown are peddled on social media platforms such as Facebook, Craigslist, eBay, and other sites.
  • There is a close correlation between malware incidents and usage of a piracy device. And that correlation extends to others living in the home. Among all surveyed, if a person reported having a malware incident, 43% said others in the house were infected as well. Just like the COVID virus, malware rates can be based on proximity.

People who have jobs that could include sensitive or confidential information AND reported having a piracy device had a high incidence of reporting malware, according to the study:

Law enforcement                    


National security


Corporate finance




Personal finance


Legal fields


Medical fields


All Others


About the Survey:

DCA's SurveyMonkey online poll was conducted Feb. 3-4 among 3,634 U.S. residents 18-years-old and older. The margin of error for the full sample is +/- 2 percentage points.

About Digital Citizens Alliance

The Digital Citizens Alliance is a nonprofit, 501(c)(6) organization that is a consumer-oriented coalition focused on educating the public and policymakers on the threats that consumers face on the Internet. Digital Citizens wants to create a dialogue on the importance for Internet stakeholders—individuals, government, and industry—to make the Web a safer place. 

Based in Washington, DC, the Digital Citizens Alliance counts among its supporters: private citizens, the health, pharmaceutical and creative industries as well as online safety experts and other communities focused on Internet safety. Visit us at

For more information, please contact Adam Benson at 202.999.9104 or

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SOURCE Digital Citizens Alliance

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