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Nelnet Reports Third Quarter 2019 Results
[November 07, 2019]

Nelnet Reports Third Quarter 2019 Results


LINCOLN, Neb., Nov. 7, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Nelnet (NYSE: NNI) today reported GAAP net income of $33.2 million, or $0.83 per share, for the third quarter of 2019, compared with GAAP net income of $42.9 million, or $1.05 per share, for the same period a year ago.

Net income, excluding derivative market value adjustments1, was $37.5 million, or $0.94 per share, for the third quarter of 2019, compared with $46.9 million, or $1.14 per share, for the same period in 2018.

The decrease in net income for the three months ended September 30, 2019, as compared with the same period in 2018, was primarily due to:

  • The recognition of $14.0 million ($10.7 million after tax, or $0.27 per share) of expenses during the third quarter of 2019 to extinguish debt securities prior to their contractual maturities; and
  • A decrease in derivative settlements received by the company due to a decrease in the notional amount of derivatives outstanding used by the company to hedge loans earning fixed rate floor income.

These factors were partially offset by the contribution to net income from the company's Loan Servicing and Systems and Education Technology, Services, and Payment Processing operating segments.

"Our Nelnet teams continue to produce consistent operating results and performance through the first three quarters of 2019," said Jeff Noordhoek, chief executive officer of Nelnet. "Extinguishing certain securitizations early has been a great decision, we were able to refinance the loans with more favorable terms, earn better returns on the freed up capital, and generate additional liquidity that can be used to invest in superior customer experiences and long-term growth and diversification."

Nelnet operates four primary business segments, earning interest income on loans in its Asset Generation and Management segment and fee-based revenue in its Loan Servicing and Systems; Education Technology, Services, and Payment Processing; and Communications segments.

Asset Generation and Management (AGM)

Nelnet's average balance of loans in the third quarter of 2019 was $21.6 billion, compared with $23.0 billion for the same period in 2018. The company's AGM operating segment reported net interest income of $61.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019, compared with $59.2 million for the same period a year ago. Loan spread increased to 1.04 percent for the quarter ended September 30, 2019, compared with 0.90 percent for the same period in 2018. 

The company maintains an overall risk management strategy that incorporates the use of derivative instruments to reduce the economic effect of interest rate volatility. The company's AGM operating segment recognized income from derivative settlements of $7.3 million during the third quarter of 2019, compared with income of $22.4 million for the same period in 2018. Derivative settlements for each applicable period should be evaluated with the company's net interest income. Net interest income and derivative settlements totaled $69.0 million and $81.6 million in the third quarter of 2019 and 2018, respectively. Core loan spread,2 which includes the impact of derivative settlements, decreased to 1.17 percent for the quarter ended September 30, 2019, compared with 1.30 percent for the same period in 2018.

Provision for loan losses was $10.0 million and $10.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. For federally insured loans, the provision for loan losses was $2.0 million and $8.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Provision for loan losses for consumer loans increased to $8.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019, compared with $2.5 million for the same period in 2018, as a result of consumer loan purchases. The company purchased $113.3 million of consumer loans in the third quarter of 2019, compared with $42.8 million in the same period of 2018.

Subsequent to September 30, 2019, the company made the decision to sell $179.3 million (par value) of consumer loans and will recognize a gain in the fourth quarter of 2019 of $15.5 million ($11.8 million after tax, or $0.30 per share). 

Loan Servicing and Systems

On February 7, 2018, the company acquired Great Lakes Educational Loan Services, Inc. (Great Lakes). The operating results of Great Lakes are included in the company's Loan Servicing and Systems segment from the date of acquisition. Revenue from the Loan Servicing and Systems segment was $113.3 million for the third quarter of 2019, compared with $112.6 million for the same period in 2018. As of September 30, 2019, the company was servicing $474.9 billion in government-owned, Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) Program, private education, and consumer loans, compared with $464.9 billion of loans serviced by the company as of September 30, 2018.

Net income for the Loan Servicing and Systems segment was $15.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019, compared with $10.0 million for the same period in 2018. For the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, the before-tax operating margin (income before income taxes divided by revenue) from the Loan Servicing and Systems segment was 15.9 percent and 10.4 percent, respectively. The third quarter of 2018 included an impairment charge of $3.9 million ($3.0 million after tax). The remaining increase in operating margin was due primarily to efficiencies gained as a result of the completion of certain integration activities related to the Great Lakes acquisition.

Nelnet Servicing, LLC (Nelnet Servicing) and Great Lakes are two companies that have student loan servicing contracts awarded by the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Federal Student Aid (the Department) in June 2009 to provide servicing for loans owned by the Department. As of September 30, 2019, Nelnet Servicing was servicing $184.4 billion of student loans for 5.6 million borrowers under its contract, and Great Lakes was servicing $240.3 billion of student loans for 7.4 million borrowers under its contract. The servicing contracts with the Department previously provided for expiration on June 16, 2019. On May 15, 2019, Nelnet Servicing and Great Lakes each received a Modification of Contract from the Department pursuant to which the Department extended the expiration date of the current contracts to December 15, 2019.

The Department has a new federal student loan servicing contract procurement process in progress. On April 1, 2019 and October 4, 2019, the company responded to the transitional information technology platform component, and on August 1, 2019, the company responded to the business processing outsourcing component. In addition, the company is part of a team that has responded and intends to respond to various aspects of the third component (future state information technology platform). The company cannot predict the timing, nature, or outcome of these solicitations.

Education Technology, Services, and Payment Processing

On November 20, 2018, the company acquired Tuition Management Systems (TMS), a services company that offers tuition payment plans, billing services, payment technology solutions, and refund management to educational institutions. The TMS acquisition added 380 higher education schools and 170 K-12 schools to the company's customer base. The results of TMS' operations are reported in the company's consolidated financial statements from the date of acquisition.

For the third quarter of 2019, revenue from the Education Technology, Services, and Payment Processing operating segment was $74.3 million, an increase of $15.8 million, or 27 percent, from the same period in 2018. The increase in revenue was due to the acquisition of TMS; growth in managed tuition payment plans, campus commerce customer transactions, and payments volume; and an increase in the number of customers using the operating segment's education and technology services.

Net income for the Education Technology, Services, and Payment Processing segment was $12.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019, compared with $7.6 million for the same period in 2018. For the three months ended September 30, 2019, before-tax operating margin (income before income taxes divided by net revenue) was 34.4 percent, compared with 25.4 percent for the same period of 2018. The increase in the before-tax operating margin was due to operating leverage and cost reductions resulting from the company's decision in October 2018 to terminate its investment in a proprietary payment processing platform.

Communications

Revenue from ALLO Communications was $16.5 million for the third quarter of 2019, compared with $11.8 million for the same period in 2018. The number of residential households served as of September 30, 2019, was 45,228, an increase of 12,699, or 39 percent, from the number of households served as of September 30, 2018. ALLO plans to continue to increase market share and revenue in its existing markets and is currently evaluating opportunities to expand to other communities in the Midwest.  

During the second quarter of 2019, ALLO announced plans to expand its network to Breckenridge, Colorado, increasing households in current markets and newly announced markets to almost 160,000, of which over 137,000 are passed by ALLO's existing communications network as of September 30, 2019. ALLO incurred capital expenditures of $10.2 million during the three months ended September 30, 2019. The company currently anticipates total network expenditures during the fourth quarter of 2019 will be approximately $13 million; however, the amount of capital expenditures could change based on customer demand for ALLO's services. 

For the third quarter of 2019, ALLO recognized a net loss of $7.2 million, compared with a net loss of $7.7 million for the same period in 2018. The company anticipates this operating segment will be dilutive to consolidated earnings as it continues to develop and add customers to its network in Lincoln, Nebraska and other communities, due to large upfront capital expenditures and associated depreciation and upfront customer acquisition costs.

ALLO's management uses earnings (loss) before interest, income taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA)3 to eliminate certain non-cash and non-operating items in order to consistently measure performance from period to period. For the third quarter of 2019, ALLO reported positive EBITDA of $1.5 million, compared with $0.2 million for the same period in 2018.

Liquidity and Capital Activities

As of September 30, 2019, the company had $161.0 million in cash and cash equivalents and $52.6 million in available-for-sale investments, consisting primarily of student loan asset-backed securities. The company also has a $382.5 million unsecured line of credit. As of September 30, 2019, no amount was outstanding on the line of credit and $382.5 million was available for future use.

During the third quarter of 2019, the company extinguished $675.6 million of notes payable in certain asset-backed securitizations prior to the notes' contractual maturities, resulting in the release of $996.4 million in student loans and accrued interest receivable that were previously encumbered in the asset-backed securitizations. Upon extinguishment of the notes payable, the company refinanced the student loans, resulting in net cash proceeds of $311.5 million. The company used a portion of these proceeds to pay down the outstanding balance on its unsecured line of credit. To extinguish the notes, the company paid a premium of $12.6 million that was expensed by the company in the third quarter of 2019. In addition, the company wrote off $1.4 million of debt issuance costs. In total, the company recognized $14.0 million ($10.7 million after tax) in expenses in the third quarter of 2019 to extinguish these notes.

The cash proceeds generated by the debt extinguishments provide the company with increased liquidity and the opportunity to invest the previously underutilized capital at higher returns.

The company intends to use its liquidity position to capitalize on market opportunities, including: FFEL Program, private education, and consumer loan acquisitions; strategic acquisitions and investments; expansion of ALLO's communications network; and capital management initiatives, including stock repurchases, debt repurchases, and dividend distributions. The timing and size of these opportunities will vary and will have a direct impact on the company's cash and investment balances.

Board of Directors Declares Fourth Quarter Dividend

The Nelnet Board of Directors declared a fourth quarter cash dividend on the company's outstanding shares of Class A common stock and Class B common stock of $0.20 per share. The dividend will be paid on December 13, 2019 to shareholders of record at the close of business on November 29, 2019. 

Forward-Looking and Cautionary Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of federal securities laws. The words "anticipate," "continue," "expect," "future," "intend," "may," "plan," "predict," "scheduled," "will," and similar expressions, as well as statements in future tense, are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements are based on management's current expectations as of the date of this release and are subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results or performance to differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Such risks include, but are not limited to: risks related to the company's loan portfolio, such as interest rate basis and repricing risk and changes in levels of student loan repayment or default rates; the use of derivatives to manage exposure to interest rate fluctuations; the uncertain nature of the expected benefits from the acquisitions of Great Lakes and TMS in 2018, and the ability to successfully integrate technology, shared services, and other activities and successfully maintain and increase allocated volumes of student loans serviced by Nelnet Servicing and Great Lakes under existing and any future servicing contracts with the Department, which current contracts accounted for 30 percent of the company's revenue in 2018; risks to the company related to the Department's initiatives to procure new contracts for federal student loan servicing, including the risk that the company or company teams may not be successful in obtaining contracts; risks related to the development by the company of a new student loan servicing platform, including risks as to whether the expected benefits from the new platform will be realized; the uncertain nature of expected benefits from FFEL Program, private education, and consumer loan purchases and initiatives to purchase additional FFEL Program, private education, and consumer loans; financing and liquidity risks, including risks of changes in the securitization and other financing markets for student loans; risks and uncertainties from changes in the educational credit and services marketplace resulting from changes in applicable laws, regulations, and government programs and budgets, such as the expected decline over time in FFEL Program loan interest income and fee-based revenues due to the discontinuation of FFEL Program loan originations in 2010 and the resulting initiatives by the company to adjust to a post-FFEL Program environment; risks and uncertainties related to the ability of ALLO to successfully expand its fiber network and market share in existing service areas and additional communities and manage related construction risks; risks and uncertainties related to initiatives to pursue additional strategic investments and acquisitions, including investments and acquisitions that are intended to diversify the company both within and outside of its historical core education-related businesses, as well as other strategic initiatives; cybersecurity risks, including potential disruptions to systems, disclosure of confidential information, and/or damage to reputation resulting from cyber-breaches; and changes in general economic and credit market conditions, including the availability of any relevant money-market index rate such as LIBOR or the relationship between the relevant money-market index rate and the rate at which the company's assets and liabilities are priced.

For more information, see the "Risk Factors" sections and other cautionary discussions of risks and uncertainties included in documents filed or furnished by the company with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the cautionary information about forward-looking statements contained in the company's supplemental financial information for the third quarter ended September 30, 2019. All forward-looking statements in this release are as of the date of this release. Although the company may voluntarily update or revise its forward-looking statements from time to time to reflect actual results or changes in the company's expectations, the company disclaims any commitment to do so except as required by securities laws.

Non-GAAP Performance Measures

The company prepares its financial statements and presents its financial results in accordance with U.S. GAAP. However, it also provides additional non-GAAP financial information related to specific items management believes to be important in the evaluation of its operating results and performance. Reconciliations of non-GAAP to GAAP financial information and a discussion of why the company believes providing this additional information is useful to investors, is provided in the "Non-GAAP Disclosures" section below.







1

Net income, excluding derivative market value adjustments, is a non-GAAP measure. See "Non-GAAP Performance Measures" at the end of this press release and the "Non-GAAP Disclosures" section below for explanatory information and reconciliations of non-GAAP to GAAP financial information.



2

Core loan spread is a non-GAAP measure. See "Non-GAAP Performance Measures" at the end of this press release and the "Non-GAAP Disclosures" section below for explanatory information and reconciliations of non-GAAP to GAAP financial information.



3

EBITDA is a non-GAAP measure. See "Non-GAAP Performance Measures" at the end of this press release and the "Non-GAAP Disclosures" section below for explanatory information and reconciliations of non-GAAP to GAAP financial information.


 

Consolidated Statements of Income

(Dollars in thousands, except share data)

(unaudited)



Three months ended


Nine months ended


September 30,
2019


June 30,
2019


September 30,
2018


September 30,
2019


September 30,
2018

Interest income:










Loan interest

$

229,063


238,222


232,320


709,618


653,414

Investment interest

9,882


8,566


7,628


26,701


18,581

   Total interest income

238,945


246,788


239,948


736,319


671,995

Interest expense:










Interest on bonds and notes payable

172,488


186,963


180,175


551,221


487,174

   Net interest income

66,457


59,825


59,773


185,098


184,821

Less provision for loan losses

10,000


9,000


10,500


26,000


18,000

   Net interest income after provision for loan losses

56,457


50,825


49,273


159,098


166,821

Other income:










Loan servicing and systems revenue

113,286


113,985


112,579


342,169


327,265

Education technology, services, and payment processing revenue

74,251


60,342


58,409


213,753


167,372

Communications revenue

16,470


15,758


11,818


46,770


31,327

Other income

13,439


16,152


16,673


38,658


44,808

  Derivative settlements, net

7,298


12,972


22,324


39,306


51,018

  Derivative market value adjustments, net

(5,630)


(37,060)


(5,226)


(73,265)


49,909

   Total other income

219,114


182,149


216,577


607,391


671,699

Cost of services:










 Cost to provide education technology, services, and payment processing services

25,671


15,871


19,087


62,601


44,087

Cost to provide communications services

5,236


5,101


4,310


15,096


11,892

   Total cost of services

30,907


20,972


23,397


77,697


55,979

Operating expenses:










Salaries and benefits

116,670


111,214


114,172


338,942


321,932

Depreciation and amortization

27,701


24,484


22,992


76,398


62,943

Loan servicing fees to third parties

3,382


3,156


3,087


9,431


9,428

Other expenses

54,947


42,261


45,194


138,131


119,020

   Total operating expenses

202,700


181,115


185,445


562,902


513,323

   Income before income taxes

41,964


30,887


57,008


125,890


269,218

Income tax expense

(8,829)


(6,209)


(13,882)


(26,429)


(63,369)

Net income

33,135


24,678


43,126


99,461


205,849

   Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests

77


(59)


(199)


(38)


438

Net income attributable to Nelnet, Inc.

$

33,212


24,619


42,927


99,423


206,287

Earnings per common share:










Net income attributable to Nelnet, Inc. shareholders - basic and diluted

$

0.83


0.61


1.05


2.48


5.04

Weighted average common shares outstanding - basic and diluted

39,877,129


40,050,065


40,988,965


40,098,346


40,942,177

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Dollars in thousands)

(unaudited)



As of


As of


As of



September 30, 2019


December 31, 2018


September 30, 2018


Assets:







Loans receivable, net

$

21,071,441


22,377,142


22,528,362


Cash, cash equivalents, investments, and notes receivable

373,395


370,717


330,352


Restricted cash

977,228


1,071,044


911,929


Goodwill and intangible assets, net

246,411


271,202


249,462


Other assets

1,268,244


1,130,863


1,084,820


   Total assets

$

23,936,719


25,220,968


25,104,925


Liabilities:







Bonds and notes payable

$

20,910,190


22,218,740


22,251,433


Other liabilities

671,864


687,449


526,364


   Total liabilities

21,582,054


22,906,189


22,777,797


Equity:







Total Nelnet, Inc. shareholders' equity

2,350,150


2,304,464


2,316,864


Noncontrolling interests

4,515


10,315


10,264


   Total equity

2,354,665


2,314,779


2,327,128


   Total liabilities and equity

$

23,936,719


25,220,968


25,104,925


Non-GAAP Disclosures
(Dollars in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)

Non-GAAP financial measures disclosed by management are meant to provide additional information and insight relative to business trends to investors and, in certain cases, to present financial information as measured by rating agencies and other users of financial information.  These measures are not in accordance with, or a substitute for, GAAP and may be different from, or inconsistent with, non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies. The company reports this non-GAAP information because the company believes that it provides additional information regarding operational and performance indicators that are closely assessed by management. There is no comprehensive, authoritative guidance for the presentation of such non-GAAP information, which is only meant to supplement GAAP results by providing additional information that management utilizes to assess performance.

Net income, excluding derivative market value adjustments



Three months ended September 30,


2019


2018

GAAP net income attributable to Nelnet, Inc.

$

33,212


42,927

Realized and unrealized derivative market value adjustments (a)

5,630


5,226

Tax effect (b)

(1,351)


(1,254)

Net income attributable to Nelnet, Inc., excluding derivative market value adjustments

$

37,491


46,899





Earnings per share:




GAAP net income attributable to Nelnet, Inc.

$

0.83


1.05

Realized and unrealized derivative market value adjustments (a)

0.14


0.12

Tax effect (b)

(0.03)


(0.03)

Net income attributable to Nelnet, Inc., excluding derivative market value adjustments

$

0.94


1.14



(a)

"Derivative market value adjustments" includes both the realized portion of gains and losses (corresponding to variation margin received or paid on derivative instruments that are settled daily at a central clearinghouse) and the unrealized portion of gains and losses that are caused by changes in fair values of derivatives that do not qualify for "hedge treatment" under GAAP. "Derivative market value adjustments" does not include "derivative settlements" that represent the cash paid or received during the current period to settle with derivative instrument counterparties the economic effect of the company's derivative instruments based on their contractual terms.




The accounting for derivatives requires that changes in the fair value of derivative instruments be recognized currently in earnings, with no fair value adjustment of the hedged item, unless specific hedge accounting criteria is met. Management has structured all of the company's derivative transactions with the intent that each is economically effective; however, the company's derivative instruments do not qualify for hedge accounting.  As a result, the change in fair value of derivative instruments is reported in current period earnings with no consideration for the corresponding change in fair value of the hedged item.  Under GAAP, the cumulative net realized and unrealized gain or loss caused by changes in fair values of derivatives in which the company plans to hold to maturity will equal zero over the life of the contract. However, the net realized and unrealized gain or loss during any given reporting period fluctuates significantly from period to period.




The company believes these point-in-time estimates of asset and liability values related to its derivative instruments that are subject to interest rate fluctuations are subject to volatility, primarily due to timing and market factors beyond the control of management, and affect the period-to-period comparability of the results of operations. Accordingly, the company's management utilizes operating results excluding these items for comparability purposes when making decisions regarding the company's performance and in presentations with credit rating agencies, lenders, and investors. 



(b)

The tax effects are calculated by multiplying the realized and unrealized derivative market value adjustments by the applicable statutory income tax rate.

Core loan spread

The following table analyzes the loan spread on the company's portfolio of loans, which represents the spread between the yield earned on loan assets and the costs of the liabilities and derivative instruments used to fund the assets. The spread amounts included in the following table are calculated by using the notional dollar values found in the "Net interest income, net of settlements on derivatives" table on the following page, divided by the average balance of loans or debt outstanding.


Three months ended September 30,


2019


2018

Variable loan yield, gross

4.78

%


4.57

%

Consolidation rebate fees

(0.83)



(0.83)


Discount accretion, net of premium and deferred origination costs amortization

0.02



0.03


Variable loan yield, net

3.97



3.77


Loan cost of funds - interest expense

(3.16)



(3.10)


Loan cost of funds - derivative settlements (a) (b)



0.06


Variable loan spread

0.81



0.73


Fixed rate floor income, gross

0.23



0.23


Fixed rate floor income - derivative settlements (a) (c)

0.13



0.34


Fixed rate floor income, net of settlements on derivatives

0.36



0.57


Core loan spread

1.17

%


1.30

%





Average balance of loans

$

21,600,850


22,971,361

Average balance of debt outstanding

21,371,482


22,557,437









Three months ended September 30,


2019


2018

Core loan spread

1.17

%


1.30

%

Derivative settlements (1:3 basis swaps)



(0.06)


Derivative settlements (fixed rate floor income)

(0.13)



(0.34)


Loan spread

1.04

%


0.90

%



(a)

Derivative settlements represent the cash paid or received during the current period to settle with derivative instrument counterparties the economic effect of the company's derivative instruments based on their contractual terms. Derivative accounting requires that net settlements with respect to derivatives that do not qualify for "hedge treatment" under GAAP be recorded in a separate income statement line item below net interest income. The company maintains an overall risk management strategy that incorporates the use of derivative instruments to reduce the economic effect of interest rate volatility. As such, management believes derivative settlements for each applicable period should be evaluated with the company's net interest income (loan spread) as presented in this table.



(b)

Derivative settlements include the net settlements received related to the company's 1:3 basis swaps.



(c)

Derivative settlements include the net settlements received related to the company's floor income interest rate swaps.

Net interest income, net of settlements on derivatives

The following table summarizes the components of "net interest income" and "derivative settlements, net" from the company's Asset Generation and Management segment statements of income.


Three months ended September 30,


2019


2018

Variable interest income, gross

$

260,089


264,675

Consolidation rebate fees

(44,717)


(47,868)

Discount accretion, net of premium and deferred origination costs amortization

1,006


1,855

Variable interest income, net

216,378


218,662

Interest on bonds and notes payable

(170,327)


(176,207)

Derivative settlements (basis swaps), net (a)

234


3,361

Variable loan interest margin, net of settlements on derivatives (a)

46,285


45,816

Fixed rate floor income, gross

12,685


13,659

Derivative settlements (interest rate swaps), net (a)

7,064


19,087

Fixed rate floor income, net of settlements on derivatives (a)

19,749


32,746

Core loan interest income (a)

66,034


78,562

Investment interest

4,162


3,719

Intercompany interest

(1,158)


(668)

Net interest income (net of settlements on derivatives) (a)

$

69,038


81,613



(a)

Derivative settlements represent the cash paid or received during the current period to settle with derivative instrument counterparties the economic effect of the company's derivative instruments based on their contractual terms. Derivative accounting requires that net settlements on derivatives that do not qualify for "hedge treatment" under GAAP be recorded in a separate income statement line item below net interest income. The company maintains an overall risk management strategy that incorporates the use of derivative instruments to reduce the economic effect of interest rate volatility. As such, management believes derivative settlements for each applicable period should be evaluated with the company's net interest income as presented in this table. Core loan interest income and net interest income (net of settlements on derivatives) are non-GAAP financial measures.

Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA)

A reconciliation of ALLO's GAAP net loss to earnings before net interest expense, income taxes, depreciation, and amortization, is provided below.


Three months ended September 30,


2019


2018

Net loss

$

(7,194)


(7,741)

Net interest expense


4,173

Income tax benefit

(2,272)


(2,444)

Depreciation and amortization

10,926


6,167

Earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA)

$

1,460


155

EBITDA is a supplemental non-GAAP performance measure that is frequently used in capital-intensive industries such as telecommunications. ALLO's management uses EBITDA to compare ALLO's performance to that of its competitors and to eliminate certain non-cash and non-operating items in order to consistently measure performance from period to period. EBITDA excludes interest and income taxes because these items are associated with a company's particular capitalization and tax structures. EBITDA also excludes depreciation and amortization expense because these non-cash expenses primarily reflect the impact of historical capital investments, as opposed to the cash impacts of capital expenditures made in recent periods, which may be evaluated through cash flow measures. The company reports EBITDA for ALLO because the company believes that it provides useful additional information for investors regarding a key metric used by management to assess ALLO's performance. There are limitations to using EBITDA as a performance measure, including the difficulty associated with comparing companies that use similar performance measures whose calculations may differ from ALLO's calculations. In addition, EBITDA should not be considered a substitute for other measures of financial performance, such as net income or any other performance measures derived in accordance with GAAP.

(code #: nnif)

 

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SOURCE Nelnet


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