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Rambus Reports Second Quarter 2019 Financial Results
[July 29, 2019]

Rambus Reports Second Quarter 2019 Financial Results


Rambus Inc. (NASDAQ:RMBS) today reported financial results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2019. Total revenue for the second quarter was in line with expectations at $58.3 million, with royalty revenue of $27.1 million and licensing billings of $64.9 million. The company also generated $38.7 million in cash provided by operating activities.

"Rambus made great progress toward our strategic vision to refocus on our core strengths in semiconductor, optimize for operational efficiency, and reinvest for growth," said Luc Seraphin, chief executive officer of Rambus. "Propelled by strong operational execution and gains in market share, we delivered a solid second quarter."

Business Review

Rambus took several significant steps in support of our strategic vision this quarter. The first was an agreement to sell our Payments and Ticketing business to Visa, simplifying our portfolio and redefining our perimeter to focus on the semiconductor market. Following that, we announced an agreement to acquire Northwest Logic to augment our interface IP offerings with best-in-class digital controllers, amplifying our market and technology position through new investments in our core focus area. In addition to these strategic steps, Rambus business units continued to deliver organic growth with overall product revenue for server DIMM chips and silicon IP, including IP Cores and Cryptography, increasing quarter over quarter.

Revenue was up significantly for our Server DIMM Chipset business, despite declines in the overall memory market, and the business is on track for 50% growth on the year as a whole. This growth continues to be driven by increased OEM and data center qualifications, leading to steady gains in our DDR4 buffer chip market share. In addition to the gains in DDR4, we remain well positioned as the first-mover for next-generation DDR5 server DIMM chips, shipping samples at the top-end speeds for both the RCD and DB chips.

Our high-speed IP Cores business delivered record revenue for the second consecutive quarter and remains on a trajectory of approximately 50% compounded annual growth rate. We announced the addition of our 112G SerDes PHY for 400G and 800G networking, a GDDR6 win at Achronix and continue to close new Tier 1 SoC design wins for data center, networking and artificial intelligence. In line with our strategy of investing in our focus areas, we have signed an agreement to acquire the digital controller company, Northwest Logic, and will be integrating their offerings and design team into our IP Cores business. As a market leader in memory, PCIe and MIPI digital controllers, Northwest Logic will expand our solutions by creating a complementary product portfolio of PHYs and controllers for data center, AI, communications and automotive.

The Cryptography business is delivering on an application-driven product roadmap with the launch of the expanded family of CryptoManager Root of Trust secure processor cores. The family now includes a comprehensive suite of configurations, tailored for artificial intelligence, data center, automotive and government, making the cores readily available to the market and easy to integrate for our customers. Focused on creating the most resilient and deployable embedded security on market, our simplified go-to-market strategy to deliver secure silicon IP and provisioning solutions to our customers is gaining traction with our first security win in artificial intelligence (AI) at a leading provider of AI accelerators.





Quarterly Financial Review - GAAP

Three Months Ended
June 30,

(In millions, except for percentages and per share amounts)

2019

 

2018

Revenue

 

 

 

Royalties

$

27.1

 

 

$

30.1

 

Product revenue

16.0

 

 

8.1

 

Contract and other revenue

15.2

 

 

18.3

 

Total revenue

$

58.3

 

 

$

56.5

 

Total operating costs and expenses

$

95.3

 

 

$

76.4

 

Operating loss

$

(37.0

)

 

$

(19.9

)

Operating margin

(64

)%

 

(35

)%

Net loss

$

(37.0

)

 

$

(15.4

)

Diluted net loss per share

$

(0.33

)

 

$

(0.14

)

 

 

 

 

Licensing billings (1)

$

64.9

 

 

$

73.2

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

$

38.7

 

 

$

3.6

 


(1)

Licensing billings is an operational metric that reflects amounts invoiced to our licensing customers during the period, as adjusted for certain differences.

Quarterly Financial Review - Non-GAAP (1)

Three Months Ended June 30,

(In millions, except for percentages and per share amounts)

2019

 

2018

Revenue

 

 

 

Royalties

$

27.1

 

 

$

30.1

 

Product revenue

16.0

 

 

8.1

 

Contract and other revenue

15.2

 

 

18.3

 

Total revenue

$

58.3

 

 

$

56.5

 

Total operating costs and expenses

$

64.1

 

 

$

66.8

 

Operating loss

$

(5.8

)

 

$

(10.3

)

Operating margin

(10

)%

 

(18

)%

Net income (loss)

$

0.2

 

 

$

(3.1

)

Diluted net income (loss) per share

$

0.00

 

 

$

(0.03

)

(1)

See "Supplemental Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Results" and "Reconciliation of Other GAAP to Non-GAAP Items" tables included below. Note that the applicable non-GAAP measures are presented and that revenue is solely presented on a GAAP basis.

Revenue for the quarter was $58.3 million, with royalty revenue of $27.1 million and licensing billings of $64.9 million, in line with expectations. We had GAAP total operating costs and expenses of $95.3 million, above the high end of our expectations, primarily related to charges associated with our agreement to sell our payments and ticketing business. We also had non-GAAP total operating costs and expenses of $64.1 million, below our expectations due to our cost containment actions. We had GAAP and non-GAAP diluted net income (loss) per share of ($0.33) and $0.00, respectively. Our basic share count was 110.9 million shares and our diluted share count would have been 112.5 million shares.

Cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities as of June 30, 2019 were $337.7 million, an increase of $31.8 million from March 31, 2019, mainly due to $38.7 million in cash provided by operating activities. Cash provided by operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2019 was $67.5 million, an increase of $47.1 million from the same period in the prior year.

2019 Third Quarter Outlook

The Company will discuss revenue guidance for the third quarter of 2019 during its upcoming conference call. The following table sets forth third quarter outlook for other measures, and excludes our Payments and Ticketing business.

(In millions)

GAAP

 

Non-GAAP (1)

Total operating costs and expenses

$70 - $66

 

$58 - $54

Interest and other income (expense), net

$4

 

$1

Diluted share count

113

 

113

(1)

See "Reconciliation of GAAP Forward Looking Estimates to Non-GAAP Forward Looking Estimates" tables included below.

For the third quarter of 2019, the Company expects operating costs and expenses to be between $70 million and $66 million. Additionally, the Company expects non-GAAP operating costs and expenses to be between $58 million and $54 million. These expectations also assume non-GAAP interest and other income (expense), net, of $1 million, tax rate of 24% (refer to non-GAAP financial information below - income tax adjustments) and diluted share count of 113 million, and exclude stock-based compensation expense ($7 million), amortization expense ($5 million), non-cash interest expense on convertible notes ($2 million) and interest income related to the significant financing component from fixed-fee patent and technology licensing arrangements ($5 million).

Conference Call:

Rambus management will discuss the results of the quarter during a conference call scheduled for 2:00pm PT today. The call, audio and slides will be available online at investor.rambus.com and a replay will be available for the next week at the following numbers: (855) 859-2056 (domestic) or (404) 537-3406 (international) with ID# 3471916.

Non-GAAP Financial Information:

In the commentary set forth above and in the financial statements included in this earnings release, the Company presents the following non-GAAP financial measures: operating costs and expenses, operating margin, operating income (loss), net income (loss), and diluted net income (loss) per share. In computing each of these non-GAAP financial measures, the following items were considered as discussed below: stock-based compensation expenses, acquisition-related costs and retention bonus expense, amortization expenses, impairment of assets held for sale, non-cash interest expense and certain other one-time adjustments. The non-GAAP financial measures disclosed by the Company should not be considered a substitute for, or superior to, financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP, and the financial results calculated in accordance with GAAP and reconciliations from these results should be carefully evaluated. Management believes the non-GAAP financial measures are appropriate for both its own assessment of, and to show investors, how the Company's performance compares to other periods. The non-GAAP financial measures used by the Company may be calculated differently from, and therefore may not be comparable to, similarly titled measures used by other companies. Reconciliation from GAAP to non-GAAP results is included in the financial statements contained in this release.

The Company's non-GAAP financial measures reflect adjustments based on the following items:

Stock-based compensation expense. These expenses primarily relate to employee stock options, employee stock purchase plans, and employee non-vested equity stock and non-vested stock units. The Company excludes stock-based compensation expense from its non-GAAP measures primarily because such expenses are non-cash expenses that the Company does not believe are reflective of ongoing operating results. Additionally, given the fact that other companies may grant different amounts and types of equity awards and may use different option valuation assumptions, excluding stock-based compensation expense permits more accurate comparisons of the Company's results with peer companies.

Acquisition-related costs and retention bonus expense. These expenses include all direct costs of certain acquisitions and the current period's portion of any retention bonus expense associated with the acquisitions. The Company excludes these expenses in order to provide better comparability between periods as they are related to acquisitions and have no direct correlation to the Company's operations.

Restructuring charges. These charges may consist of severance, contractual retention payments, exit costs and other charges and are excluded because such charges are not directly related to ongoing business results and do not reflect expected future operating expenses.

Impairment of assets held for sale. These charges consist of non-cash charges to assets held for sale and are excluded because such charges are non-recurring and do not reduce the Company's liquidity.

Amortization expense. The Company incurs expenses for the amortization of intangible assets acquired in acquisitions. The Company excludes these items because these expenses are not reflective of ongoing operating results in the period incurred. These amounts arise from the Company's prior acquisitions and have no direct correlation to the operation of the Company's core business.

Non-cash interest expense on convertible notes. The Company incurs non-cash interest expense related to its convertible notes. The Company excludes non-cash interest expense related to its convertible notes to provide more accurate comparisons of the Company's results with other peer companies and to more accurately reflect the Company's ongoing operations.

Income tax adjustments. For purposes of internal forecasting, planning and analyzing future periods that assume net income from operations, the Company estimates a fixed, long-term projected tax rate of approximately 24 percent for both 2019 and 2018, which consists of estimated U.S. federal and state tax rates, and excludes tax rates associated with certain items such as withholding tax, tax credits, deferred tax asset valuation allowance and the release of any deferred tax asset valuation allowance. Accordingly, the Company has applied these tax rates to its non-GAAP financial results for all periods in the relevant years to assist the Company's planning. The Company has provided below a reconciliation of its GAAP provision for income taxes and GAAP effective tax rate to the assumed non-GAAP provision for income taxes and non-GAAP effective tax rate.

Escrow settlement refund. The Company received a refund from an escrow settlement related to a prior acquisition. The Company excludes these items because these receipts are not reflective of ongoing operating results. These amounts arise from the Company's prior acquisitions and have no direct correlation to the operation of the Company's core business.

On occasion in the future, there may be other items, such as significant gains or losses from contingencies that the Company may exclude in deriving its non-GAAP financial measures if it believes that doing so is consistent with the goal of providing useful information to investors and management.

About Rambus Inc.

Dedicated to making data faster and safer, Rambus creates innovative hardware, software and services that drive technology advancements from the data center to the mobile edge. Our architecture licenses, IP cores, chips, software and services span memory and interfaces, security and emerging technologies to positively impact the modern world. We collaborate with the industry, partnering with leading chip and system designers, foundries and service providers. Integrated into tens of billions of devices and systems, our products power and secure diverse applications, including Big Data, Internet of Things (IoT) security, mobile payments and smart ticketing. For more information, visit rambus.com.

Forward-Looking Statements

This release contains forward-looking statements under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including those relating to Rambus' expectations regarding product and service offerings, the expected benefits of our merger, acquisition and divestiture activity, future profit and growth, and financial guidance for the third quarter of 2019, including operating costs and expenses, and estimated, fixed, long-term projected tax rates, both on a GAAP and non-GAAP basis as appropriate. Such forward-looking statements are based on current expectations, estimates and projections, management's beliefs and certain assumptions made by Rambus' management. Actual results may differ materially. Rambus' business generally is subject to a number of risks which are described more fully in Rambus' periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Rambus undertakes no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof.

Source: Rambus Inc.

Rambus Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

June 30,
2019

 

December 31,
2018

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

114,186

 

 

$

115,924

 

Marketable securities

223,532

 

 

161,840

 

Accounts receivable

28,225

 

 

50,863

 

Unbilled receivables

177,897

 

 

176,613

 

Inventories

9,326

 

 

6,772

 

Assets held for sale

78,388

 

 

-

 

Prepaids and other current assets

9,350

 

 

15,738

 

Total current assets

640,904

 

 

527,750

 

Intangible assets, net

29,748

 

 

59,936

 

Goodwill

153,144

 

 

207,178

 

Property, plant and equipment, net

41,590

 

 

57,028

 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

16,081

 

 

-

 

Deferred tax assets

4,399

 

 

4,435

 

Unbilled receivables, long-term

419,532

 

 

497,003

 

Other assets

6,763

 

 

7,825

 

Total assets

$

1,312,161

 

 

$

1,361,155

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES & STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

Accounts payable

$

7,794

 

 

$

7,392

 

Accrued salaries and benefits

13,966

 

 

16,938

 

Deferred revenue

6,448

 

 

19,374

 

Income taxes payable, short-term

17,461

 

 

16,390

 

Operating lease liabilities

8,381

 

 

-

 

Liabilities held for sale

13,706

 

 

-

 

Other current liabilities

16,668

 

 

9,191

 

Total current liabilities

84,424

 

 

69,285

 

Long-term liabilities:

 

 

 

Convertible notes, long-term

145,314

 

 

141,934

 

Long-term imputed financing obligation

-

 

 

36,297

 

Long-term operating lease liabilities

9,548

 

 

-

 

Long-term income taxes payable

69,359

 

 

77,280

 

Other long-term liabilities

30,290

 

 

24,247

 

Total long-term liabilities

254,511

 

 

279,758

 

Total stockholders' equity

973,226

 

 

1,012,112

 

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

1,312,161

 

 

$

1,361,155

 

Rambus Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

2019

 

2018

 

2019

 

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Royalties

$

27,050

 

 

$

30,049

 

 

$

51,903

 

 

$

51,423

 

Product revenue

16,031

 

 

8,087

 

 

24,995

 

 

15,400

 

Contract and other revenue

15,216

 

 

18,322

 

 

29,783

 

 

36,061

 

Total revenue

58,297

 

 

56,458

 

 

106,681

 

 

102,884

 

Operating costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of product revenue (1)

6,310

 

 

4,199

 

 

 

10,737

 

 

 

8,556

 

Cost of contract and other revenue

6,717

 

 

11,089

 

 

13,488

 

 

23,211

 

Research and development (1)

37,890

 

 

37,696

 

 

78,509

 

 

77,813

 

Sales, general and administrative (1)

24,908

 

 

24,483

 

 

52,553

 

 

54,681

 

Restructuring charges (recoveries)

2,528

 

 

(1,022

)

 

2,859

 

 

2,223

 

Impairment of assets held for sale

16,990

 

 

-

 

 

16,990

 

 

-

 

Total operating costs and expenses

95,343

 

 

76,445

 

 

175,136

 

 

166,484

 

Operating loss

(37,046

)

 

(19,987

)

 

(68,455

)

 

(63,600

)

Interest income and other income (expense), net

6,972

 

 

8,249

 

 

14,385

 

 

17,365

 

Interest expense

(2,534

)

 

(4,634

)

 

(4,805

)

 

(9,055

)

Interest and other income (expense), net

4,438

 

 

3,615

 

 

9,580

 

 

8,310

 

Loss before income taxes

(32,608

)

 

(16,372

)

 

(58,875

)

 

(55,290

)

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes

4,372

 

 

(1,015

)

 

4,681

 

 

(4,244

)

Net loss

$

(36,980

)

 

$

(15,357

)

 

$

(63,556

)

 

$

(51,046

)

Net loss per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

$

(0.33

)

 

$

(0.14

)

 

$

(0.58

)

 

$

(0.47

)

Diluted

$

(0.33

)

 

$

(0.14

)

 

$

(0.58

)

 

$

(0.47

)

Weighted average shares used in per share calculation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

110,875

 

 

107,737

 

 

110,287

 

 

108,542

 

Diluted

110,875

 

 

107,737

 

 

110,287

 

 

108,542

 

_________

(1)

Total stock-based compensation expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 is presented as follows:

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

2019

 

2018

 

2019

 

2018

Cost of product revenue

$

1

 

 

$

2

 

 

$

2

 

 

$

5

 

Research and development

$

3,058

 

 

$

3,286

 

 

$

6,268

 

 

$

6,478

 

Sales, general and administrative

$

4,021

 

 

$

(1,400

)

 

$

7,999

 

 

$

2,919

 

Rambus Inc.

Supplemental Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Results

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

2019

 

2018

 

 

 

 

Operating costs and expenses

$

95,343

 

 

$

76,445

 

Adjustments:

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense

(7,080

)

 

(1,888

)

Acquisition-related costs and retention bonus expense

-

 

 

(30

)

Amortization expense

(4,921

)

 

(8,738

)

Restructuring charges (recoveries)

(2,528

)

 

1,022

 

Impairment of assets held for sale

(16,990

)

 

-

 

Escrow settlement refund

296

 

 

-

 

Non-GAAP operating costs and expenses

$

64,120

 

 

$

66,811

 

 

 

 

 

Operating loss

$

(37,046

)

 

$

(19,987

)

Adjustments:

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense

7,080

 

 

1,888

 

Acquisition-related costs and retention bonus expense

-

 

 

30

 

Amortization expense

4,921

 

 

8,738

 

Restructuring charges (recoveries)

2,528

 

 

(1,022

)

Impairment of assets held for sale

16,990

 

 

-

 

Escrow settlement refund

(296

)

 

-

 

Non-GAAP operating loss

$

(5,823

)

 

$

(10,353

)

 

 

 

 

Loss before income taxes

$

(32,608

)

 

$

(16,372

)

Adjustments:

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense

7,080

 

 

1,888

 

Acquisition-related costs and retention bonus expense

-

 

 

30

 

Amortization expense

4,921

 

 

8,738

 

Restructuring charges (recoveries)

2,528

 

 

(1,022

)

Impairment of assets held for sale

16,990

 

 

-

 

Escrow settlement refund

(296

)

 

-

 

Non-cash interest expense on convertible notes

1,702

 

 

2,717

 

Non-GAAP income (loss) before income taxes

$

317

 

 

$

(4,021

)

GAAP provision for (benefit from) income taxes

4,372

 

 

(1,015

)

Adjustment to GAAP provision for (benefit from) income taxes

(4,296

)

 

50

 

Non-GAAP provision for (benefit from) income taxes

76

 

 

(965

)

Non-GAAP net income (loss)

$

241

 

 

$

(3,056

)

 

 

 

 

Non-GAAP basic net income (loss) per share

$

0.00

 

 

$

(0.03

)

Non-GAAP diluted net income (loss) per share

$

0.00

 

 

$

(0.03

)

Weighted average shares used in non-GAAP per share calculation:

 

 

 

Basic

110,875

 

 

107,737

 

Diluted

112,522

 

 

107,737

 

Supplemental Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Effective Tax Rate (1)

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

2019

 

2018

GAAP effective tax rate

(13

)%

 

6

%

Adjustment to GAAP effective tax rate

37

 %

 

18

%

Non-GAAP effective tax rate

24

 %

 

24

%

(1)

For purposes of internal forecasting, planning and analyzing future periods that assume net income from operations, the Company estimates a fixed, long-term projected tax rate of approximately 24 percent for both 2019 and 2018, which consists of estimated U.S. federal and state tax rates, and excludes tax rates associated with certain items such as withholding tax, tax credits, deferred tax asset valuation allowance and the release of any deferred tax asset valuation allowance. Accordingly, the Company has applied these tax rates to its non-GAAP financial results for all periods in the relevant year to assist the Company's planning for future periods.

Rambus Inc.

Reconciliation of Other GAAP to Non-GAAP Items

(In thousands, except percentages)

(Unaudited)

 

GAAP

 

Non-GAAP

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

2019

 

2018

 

2019

 

2018

Revenue (i)

$

58,297

 

 

$

56,458

 

 

$

58,297

 

 

$

56,458

 

Operating loss (ii)

(37,046

)

 

(19,987

)

 

(5,823

)

 

(10,353

)

Operating margin (ii/i)

(64

)%

 

(35

)%

 

(10

)%

 

(18

)%

Rambus Inc.

Reconciliation of GAAP Forward Looking Estimates to Non-GAAP Forward Looking Estimates

(In millions)

(Unaudited)

2019 Third Quarter Outlook

Three Months Ended
September 30, 2019

 

Low

 

High

 

 

 

 

Forward-looking operating costs and expenses

$

69.8

 

 

$

65.8

 

Adjustments:

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense

(7.1

)

 

(7.1

)

Amortization expense

(4.9

)

 

(4.9

)

Forward-looking Non-GAAP operating costs and expenses

$

57.8

 

 

$

53.8

 

 

 

 

 

Forward-looking interest and other income (expense), net

$

4.4

 

 

$

4.4

 

Adjustments:

 

 

 

Interest income related to significant financing component from fixed-fee patent and technology licensing arrangements

(5.3

)

 

(5.3

)

Non-cash interest expense on convertible notes

1.7

 

 

1.7

 

Forward-looking Non-GAAP interest and other income (expense), net

$

0.8

 

 

$

0.8

 

 


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