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Silicon Photonics: Technologies and Global Markets
[August 07, 2017]

Silicon Photonics: Technologies and Global Markets

NEW YORK, Aug. 7, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Highlights
• The global market for photonic integrated circuits reached $426 million in 2016. This market is expected to increase from $539 million in 2017 to $1.8 billion in 2022 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 27.5% for 2017-2022.

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• Optical communications market is expected to grow from $320 million in 2017 to $1.0 billion in 2022 at a CAGR of 26.5% from 2017 through 2022.
• Optical signal processing market is expected to grow from $68 million in 2017 to $246 million in 2022 at a CAGR of 29.3% from 2017 through 2022.

Chapter 1: Introduction
Silicon photonics is an evolving technology in which data are transferred among data centers by using optical rays that can transfer more information to longer distances than can electronic conductors. With this technology, optical fibers are directly built onto a semiconductor chip to enhance the speed of data transmission. Silicon photonics-based devices can be made using various fabrication technologies.

However, because most electronic chips are currently made on silicon substrates, it is also possible to make hybrid devices that have both optical and electronic components integrated onto a single chip. Silicon photonics-based instruments find application across various areas, including optical communications, optical routers and signal processors, long field telecommunication and light field displays, among others.

Study Goals and Objectives
This report is a market impact analysis of photonic integrated circuits (PICs) and related technologies. The information provided in this report includes various factors driving the demand for silicon photonics globally. In addition, it provides insights regarding factors restraining growth as well as factors that are expected to have an impact on the market for silicon photonics in the long run.

The goals and objectives of the report include:
• To understand the opportunities and innovation-driven silicon photonics highlights, and the major regions and countries involved in such developments.
• Analysis of the various applications of the market for silicon photonic integrated circuits and the market dynamics of each application.
• Identify segments with high growth potential and understand their future applications.
• Key trends related to the applications, technology, raw materials and components that shape and influence the market for photonic integrated circuits.
• Region-specific developments in the industry.
• To understand the major stakeholders in the market and the competitive landscape.
• Analysis of growth strategies by key participants in the market for photonic integrated circuits.
• Analysis of patent positions where relevant.

Reasons for Doing This Study
The limitations of electronic integrated circuits (ICs) in the pursuance of an increased number of transistors on a single silicon substrate has driven the industry to find an alternative. Photonic integrated circuits were developed to provide high speed with decreasing size and high-end functionality. The scope of the study is intended to discuss the upcoming and present market trends of photonic integrated circuits and related technologies, including their potential and their limitations, and which mode of integration seems most favored.

Scope of Report
The market for photonic integrated circuits is segmented into the following categories:
• Integration: Monolithic integration, hybrid integration and module integration.
• Applications: Optical communications, optical signal processing, sensing and biophotonics.
• Components: Modulators, lasers, detectors, multiplexers/demultiplexers, attenuators and optical amplifiers.
• Materials: Indium phosphide (InP), gallium arsenide (GaAs), lithium niobate (LiNbO3), silicon (Si), silica-on-silicon and others.
• Gography: North America is segmented into the U.S., Canada and Mexico; Europe is segmented into France, Italy, Germany, U.K., Russia and the CIS; APAC is segmented into China, Japan, Taiwan, South Korea and others, and the RoW covers the Middle East and South America.

• Industry and competitive analysis.
• Patent analysis.
• Company profiles

Information Sources
The various sources used to recognize and collect useful information required for extensive commercial and technical study of the PIC technology market are listed below:
• Primary sources
o Selected experts from related industries
o Preferred suppliers
• Secondary sources
o E-magazines
o Directories
o Research papers
o White papers
o Databases such as OneSource, Factiva, Bloomberg, Sec filings, Reuters
• Stock markets such as the TSX, Nasdaq, NYSE (New York Stock Exchange), Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) and London Stock Exchange (LSE)

Primary as well as secondary research was used to evaluate the market. Top-down and bottom-up models were developed to determine volume as well as value wise trends and an estimation of the global market for photonic integrated circuits.

Key participants in the market for PICs have been identified through a review of secondary sources such as industry white papers, annual reports, financial reports and published interviews of key opinion leaders (KOLs) from leading companies.

During the primary interviews, the KOLs suggested other manufacturers of PICs that were not included in the initial scope of the study. We have further refined the company profile chapter by adding those manufacturers, as suggested by the KOLs. Generally, KOLs include chief executive officers (CEOs), general managers, vice presidents, sales directors, market executives, R&D directors, product managers,

procurement managers, export managers, etc. During the research process, the major stakeholders across the value chain of the market for PICs were contacted for primary interviews.

In the first phase of the study, market revenues and volumes of PICs were determined by reviewing annual sales reports, analyzing related industry reports, tracking global import and export trends, and monitoring financial parameters related to the market.

In the second phase of the study, we conducted primary interviews with KOLs from leading companies in the market to verify our initial estimation gathered through secondary sources. Based on the primary interviews, some of the initial findings were validated and other initial findings were refined. Final values and volume forecasts of the market for PICs were derived through a series of primary interviews with KOLs.

For some segments of the market for PICs, no secondary data was available. In those cases, price trends, inflation rates, industrial production indices, purchasing managers' indices (PMIs), etc. were used to estimate data for those market segments. During the primary interviews, these estimates were verified by KOLs.

Intended Audience
• Manufacturers.
• Environmental protection agencies.
• End users (industries, including semiconductor and electronics, automotive, aerospace and defense, healthcare and others).
• Suppliers.
• Raw material providers.
• Investors (private equity, venture capital, etc.).

Geographic Breakdown
In this report, the geographic regions considered for market analysis include, and only include:

North America
United States

• U.K.

South Korea
• Others

Rest of the World (RoW)
Middle East
South America

Chapter 2: Summary and Highlights
A photonic integrated circuit (PIC) is similar to an electronic IC. While the latter integrates many capacitors, transistors and resistors, a PIC integrates multiple optical components such as modulators, lasers, detectors, multiplexers and demultiplexers, attenuators and optical amplifiers.

Large-scale PICs, similar to their large-scale electronic counterparts, increase the scope of integration due to dozens of distinct optical components that are integrated into a single device.

Traditional electric networks consist of a collection of electronic switches (with various electric components) interconnected through a mesh of optical fiber links over local, metropolitan or wide area networks (WANs). To accommodate the increasing demand for bandwidth and flexibility, these networks are constantly being modified by adding more switches and fibers, increasing the bit rate per fiber and upgrading the size and functionality of the switches.

Such increased mesh eventually leads to complex and large networks that are expensive and difficult to install, operate and maintain. Recent emerging trends and advances in optical technology promise a revolutionary all-optical network leading to improved economy, flexibility and strength by making use of the already available large existing fiber base.

While the industry faces the challenge of high initial investment, application in various products ranging from the low frequency range to the high frequency range is increasing daily. At present, PICs are successfully being integrated into small devices such as mobile devices and radios, and they are expected to be used in high-end RF and sensing operations in the near future.

Silicon photonics is an evolving technology in which data is transferred using optical rays. These optical rays can transfer data at a much faster rate than electrical conductors. This is one of the major factors fueling the usage of silicon photonics in the field of communications. In addition, the field of silicon photonics has gained great momentum recently because it allows for the inexpensive manufacture of optical devices, using standard fabrication techniques, integrated with a microelectronic chip.

Photonic integrated circuits find application in various sectors, including optical communications, sensing, biophotonics and optical signal processing. Their application in optical communications accounted for the largest market share in 2016, valued at $254.0 million, and is expected to continue to lead the market throughout the forecast period of 2017 through 2022.

Increasing demand for high speed communication with fewer disruptions is one of the major factors fueling the demand for photonic integrated circuits. The global market for photonic integrated circuits was valued at $426.0 million in 2016 and is expected to reach $1.8 billion by 2022, growing at a CAGR of 27.5% from 2017 to 2022.
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