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Enabling Technologies for the Smart Grid
[November 12, 2013]

Enabling Technologies for the Smart Grid

(PR Web Via Acquire Media NewsEdge) London (PRWEB) November 12, 2013 REPORT HIGHLIGHTS This report provides: An overview of the US market for smart grid, with coverage of the evolution and inspiration through biomimetics and bioinspired designs.

Analyses of US market trends, with data from 2012, estimates for 2013 and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2018.

Discussion of techniques, and properties such as two-way integrated communications, sensing and measurement, advanced components.


Examination of advanced control that enables rapid diagnosis of and precise solutions to specific grid disruptions or outages.

Summary of results of targeted interviews with producers and users of smart grid technologies.

STUDY BACKGROUND The century-old U.S. electrical grid has been called the largest interconnected machine on earth. It consists of more than 9,200 electric-generating units with more than 1,000,000 MW of generating capacity, connected to more than 300,000 miles of transmission lines. Several years ago, the U.S. National Academy of Engineering voted the national electrification made possible by this grid as the “most significant engineering achievement of the 20th century.” However, the grid is showing its age. There have been massive blackouts in recent years, including the 2003 Northeast blackout, the worst in the nation’s history. Although it was accidental, the 2003 blackout was a reminder of the grid’s vulnerability to terrorist attack. And this blackout was foreshadowed by a troubling trend: According to the Department of Energy, 41% more outages affected 50,000 or more consumers in the second half of the 1990s than in the first half of the decade. The “average” outage affected 15% more consumers from 1996 to 2000 than from 1991 to 1995 (409,854 versus 355,204). Regular power outages and blackouts cost the U.S. economy between $80 billion and $188 billion annually, according to a recent University of Minnesota study. The figure reflects only direct losses to the economy, and does not take into account the inconvenience and frustration experienced by users during a power outage. In addition to growing concerns about the U.S. electric grid’s robustness and reliability, the grid was designed and built with one basic objective in mind — keeping the lights on. Meanwhile, other concerns have become increasingly important in the political and public dialogue about the status and future of the electrical grid, particularly: Energy efficiency Environmental impacts Consumer choice.

Governments and utilities in the U.S. and elsewhere are investing in new technologies in order to build a 21st-century grid that: Runs more efficiently Generates higher-quality power Resists attack Is self-healing Enables consumers to manage their energy use better and reduce costs Integrates decentralized generation (e.g., renewable energy) and storage (such as fuel cell) technologies.

In addition to meeting the need for reliable, high-quality power, these technologies are intended to meet the economy’s energy needs as efficiently as possible, optimizing energy consumption and related environmental impacts such as greenhouse gas emissions.These technologies are often referred to generically as smart grid technologies. Smart grid describes a set of related technologies, rather than specific technology with a generally agreed-on specification. These technologies fall into five main areas: Two-way integrated communications: allow for real-time control, information and data exchange to optimize system reliability, asset utilization, and security Sensing and measurement: evaluate congestion and grid stability, congestion and grid stability, monitor equipment health, detect energy theft, and support control strategies support Advanced components: flexible alternating current transmission system devices, high-voltage direct current, first- and second-generation superconducting wire, high-temperature superconducting cable, distributed energy generation and storage devices, composite conductors, and “intelligent” appliances Advanced control that enables rapid diagnosis of and precise solutions to specific grid disruptions or outages Improved interfaces and decision support that reduce complexity so that operators and managers have tools to effectively and efficiently operate a grid with increasing numbers of variables.

GOALS AND OBJECTIVES This report is an update of an earlier BCC report with the same title that was published in early 2011. Since then, there have been important developments that have the potential to affect the development of the smart grid. A growing number of investor- and publicly-owned utilities have been investing in smart grid projects. Large corporate players such as Google, IBM, GE, and Cisco are showing increasing interest in the smart grid; and there has been a significant increase in the amount of venture capital flowing into smart grid–related investments.On the negative side, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, with its billions of dollars of investments in smart grid technologies, has ended, The slow recovery of the U.S. economy from the 2008 and 2009 recession has dampened the growth of the smart grid, for example, by making it harder for utilities and suppliers to obtain credit, making the weighted average cost of capital higher, and impacting the discounting of costs and benefits in the business case. Regulators in some states (e.g., Maryland and Oklahoma) have rejected utilities’ smart grid proposals, arguing that consumers were expected to bear too much of the cost and risk and that potential returns do not justify the cost.In view of these developments, BCC believes that an update of the earlier report is timely. The overall goal of updating this report is to reassess the business opportunities for providers of smart grid technologies that will arise over the next 5 years as products utilizing these technologies increase their market penetration. In support of this goal, specific objectives of the report include: Identifying the smart grid technologies with the greatest commercial potential over the next 5 years (2013 to 2018) Estimating the market for these technologies in 2012 Analyzing the technical, economic, and other demand drivers for these products, and other prerequisites of success in these markets Projecting the potential U.S. markets for these technologies through 2018 Analyzing macro-level political and economic forces that are helping to shape the market for smart grid technologies.

INTENDED AUDIENCE The report is intended especially for providers of smart grid technologies and products based on these technologies. Although the report is structured around specific technologies, it is largely nontechnical in nature. That is, it is concerned less with theory and jargon than with what works, how much of the latter the market is likely to purchase, and at what price. As such, the report’s main audience is executive management, marketing, and financial analysts. It is not written specifically for scientists and technologists, although its findings concerning the market for their work, including the availability of government and corporate research funding for different technologies and applications should interest them as well. Others who should find the report informative include government agencies, environmental, and public policy interest groups with an interest in energy, the environment, and sustainable development in general.

SCOPE AND FORMAT The study covers the major enabling technologies for the smart grid, including: Communications technologies Sensing and measurement technologies Advanced components Control technologies Interface and decision support technologies.

The study format includes the following major elements: Executive summary Definitions Benefits of smart grids Smart grid “roadmap” Policy, regulatory, and economic environment for the transition to a smart grid Enabling technologies for the smart grid Developers and suppliers of smart grid–enabling technologies Baseline (2012) and projected market for smart grid technologies through 2018 Patent analysis.

METHODOLOGY The report is based on the results of targeted interviews with producers and users of smart grid technologies, complemented by a thorough literature review and BCC’s internal databases. The base year for analysis and projection is 2012.With 2012 as a baseline, market projections were developed through 2018. These projections are based on a combination of a consensus among the primary contacts combined with BCC’s understanding of the key market drivers and their impact from an historical and analytical perspective. The methodologies and assumptions used to develop the market estimates and projections are described in detail in the chapters on smart grid markets. That way, readers can see how the market estimates were developed and, if they so desire, test the impact on the final numbers of changing assumptions such as price.

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2 STUDY BACKGROUND 2 GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 3 INTENDED AUDIENCE 4 SCOPE AND FORMAT 4 METHODOLOGY 5 AUTHOR'S CREDENTIALS 5 RELATED BCC RESEARCH 5 BCC ON-LINE SERVICES 6 DISCLAIMER 7 CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 9 SUMMARY TABLE U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 9 SUMMARY FIGURE U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES, 2012–2018 ($ MILLIONS) 10 CHAPTER 3 "SMART GRIDS": AN OVERVIEW 12 DEFINITIONS 12 BENEFITS OF SMART GRIDS 12 DIRECT BENEFITS 12 Benefits to Utilities 12 Lower Capital Costs 12 Reduced Operating Costs 13 Benefits to Users 13 Improved Quality and Reliability 13 Lower Costs 14 FIGURE 1 AVERAGE RETAIL PRICE OF ELECTRICITY, 2001–2011 (CENTS/KWH) 14 Greater Consumer Choice 15 INDIRECT BENEFITS 15 Reduced Consumption of Fossil Fuels 15 FIGURE 2 U.S. ELECTRICITY GENERATION BY FUEL TYPE, 2012 (%) 15 TABLE 1 U.S. CONSUMPTION OF FOSSIL FUELS FOR ELECTRICITY GENERATION, THROUGH 2012 17 Improved Balance of Payments Position 17 FIGURE 3 U.S. FOSSIL FUEL IMPORTS, 2011 (PERCENT OF TOTAL FOSSIL FUEL IMPORTS) 18 Enhanced National Security 19 Job Creation 19 Economic Development 19 Environmental Benefits 20 THE PATH TO A SMART GRID 21 GRID 2030 21 National Electricity "Backbone" 21 Regional Interconnections 22 Local Distribution, Mini- and Micro-Grids 22 NATIONAL ELECTRIC DELIVERY TECHNOLOGIES ROADMAP 22 FIGURE 4 NATIONAL ELECTRICITY DELIVERY TECHNOLOGIES OVERALL ROADMAP 22 FIGURE 5 NATIONAL ELECTRICITY DELIVERY ROADMAP FOR DEVELOPING CRITICAL TECHNOLOGIES 24 EARLY ADOPTERS 25 Southern California Edison Company 25 Pacific Northwest Smart Grid Demonstration Project 26 TXU Energy Broadband over Power Line Smart Grid 27 Xcel Energy Smart Grid City 28 Austin Energy Smart Grid Program 29 Other Projects 29 ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE SMART GRID 29 TABLE 2 MAJOR CLASSES OF SMART GRID–ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES 29 COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES 30 SENSING AND MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES 30 ADVANCED COMPONENTS 30 CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES 31 INTERFACE AND DECISION-SUPPORT TECHNOLOGIES 31 MARKET SUMMARY 31 TABLE 3 U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES BY TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 31 FIGURE 6 U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES, 2012–2018 ($ MILLIONS) 32 FIGURE 7 U.S. SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES MARKET SHARES, 2012–2018 (%) 32 CHAPTER 4 MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR SMART GRID-ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES 35 LEGAL AND REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT 35 BARRIERS TO SMART GRID DEPLOYMENT 35 Federal-State Coordination 35 Cost Recovery 35 Other Incentives to Increase Grid Efficiency 36 Least Cost Planning 37 Environmental, Public Health and Safety Impacts 37 Lack of Standards 38 LEGISLATION AND REGULATION 38 Federal Initiatives 38 Energy Policy Act of 2005 38 Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 39 Section 1301. Statement of Policy on Modernization of Electricity Grid 39 Section 1302. Smart Grid System Report 39 Section 1303. Smart Grid Advisory Committee and Smart Grid Task Force 40 Section 1304. Smart Grid Technology Research, Development, and Demonstration 40 Section 1305. Smart Grid Interoperability Framework 41 Section 1306. Federal Matching Funds for Smart Grid Investment Costs 41 Section 1307. State Consideration of Smart Grid 41 Section 1308. Study of the Effect of Private Wire Laws on the Development of Combined Heat and Power Facilities 41 Section 1309. DOE Study of Security Attributes of Smart Grid Systems 41 Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 41 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 42 Smart Grid Advancement Act of 2013 42 Federal Regulation 43 Rulings Expanding Use of Demand Response 44 Assessment of Demand Response and Advanced Metering 44 Interim Rate Policy 44 Smart Grid Standards 45 State Legislation and Regulation 45 Arizona 45 Regulatory Activities 45 California 46 Legislation 46 California Senate Bill 17 46 California Senate Bill 1491 47 Regulatory Activities 47 Colorado 48 Legislation 48 House Bill 07-1037 48 Regulatory Activities 48 Illinois 48 Legislation 48 Senate Bill 1592 48 Regulatory Activities 49 Maryland 49 Legislation 49 EmPower Maryland Energy Efficiency Act 49 Regulatory Activities 49 Massachusetts 50 Legislation 50 Green Communities Act 50 Regulatory Activities 51 Michigan 51 Legislation 51 Regulatory Activities 51 New Jersey 52 Regulatory Activities 52 Oregon 52 Regulatory Activities 52 Pennsylvania 52 Legislation 52 Act 129 53 Regulatory Activities 53 Texas 53 Legislation 53 SB 3693 53 Regulatory Activities 53 Vermont 54 Legislation 54 Energy Efficiency and Affordability Act of 2008 54 Regulatory Activities 54 FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT 55 FINANCING THE SMART GRID 55 Government-Funded Programs 55 Government-Funded R&D 55 Federal R&D 55 State-Financed R&D 55 Smart Grid Pilot and Demonstration Projects 56 Matching Grants for Smart Grid Investments 56 Capital Investments 56 American Reinvestment and Recovery Plan of 2009 56 UTILITIES 56 R&D 57 CHAPTER 5 INTEGRATED COMMUNICATIONS FOR SMART GRIDS: TECHNOLOGIES AND MARKETS 60 SUMMARY 60 TABLE 4 U.S. MARKET FOR INTEGRATED SMART GRID COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 60 FIGURE 8 TRENDS IN U.S. MARKET FOR INTEGRATED SMART GRID COMMUNICATIONS, 2012–2018 ($ MILLIONS) 60 HOME AREA NETWORKS 61 TECHNOLOGIES 61 TABLE 5 ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID HOME AREA NETWORKS 62 ZigBee 62 Wi-Fi 63 Z-Wave 63 In-Home Power Line Communications 63 USNAP 64 COMMERCIAL STATUS AND OBSTACLES TO DEPLOYMENT 64 PRODUCERS AND DEVELOPERS 64 TABLE 6 COMPANIES THAT MARKET OR ARE DEVELOPING COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID HANS 65 MARKETS 65 TABLE 7 MARKET FOR SMART GRID HAN COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 66 NEIGHBORHOOD AREA NETWORKS 66 TECHNOLOGIES 66 TABLE 8 ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID NEIGHBORHOOD AREA NETWORKS 67 Broadband over Power Line 67 Meshed Wi-Fi 67 ZigBee 68 WiMAX 68 Licensed Spectrum 68 COMMERCIAL STATUS AND OBSTACLES TO DEPLOYMENT 69 PROVIDERS 70 TABLE 9 COMPANIES THAT MARKET OR ARE DEVELOPING COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID NANS 70 MARKET 70 TABLE 10 MARKET FOR SMART GRID NAN COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION CONNECTIONS/$ MILLIONS) 71 BACKBONE COMMUNICATIONS 71 TECHNOLOGIES 71 MARKETS 72 TABLE 11 MARKET FOR SMART GRID BACKBONE COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 72 CHAPTER 6 SENSING AND MEASUREMENT FOR SMART GRIDS: TECHNOLOGIES AND MARKETS 74 SUMMARY 74 TABLE 12 U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID SENSING AND MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 74 FIGURE 9 TRENDS IN THE U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID SENSING AND MEASUREMENT, 2012–2018 ($ MILLIONS) 74 SMART METERING 75 TECHNOLOGIES 76 COMMERCIAL STATUS AND BARRIERS TO DEPLOYMENT 77 PRODUCERS 78 TABLE 13 SMART METER PRODUCERS 79 MARKET 79 TABLE 14 MARKET FOR SMART METERS AND RELATED TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 79 WIDE-AREA MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS 80 TECHNOLOGY 80 COMMERCIAL STATUS AND BARRIERS TO DEPLOYMENT 80 PROVIDERS 80 TABLE 15 PROVIDERS OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID WAMS 81 MARKETS 81 TABLE 16 MARKET FOR PMUS AND RELATED WAMS TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 81 DYNAMIC LINE-RATING SENSORS 82 TECHNOLOGY 83 Online Methods 83 Offline Methods 83 COMMERCIAL STATUS AND BARRIERS TO DEPLOYMENT 83 PROVIDERS 83 TABLE 17 PROVIDERS OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID WAMS 84 MARKET 84 TABLE 18 MARKET FOR DYNAMIC LINE-RATING SENSORS AND RELATED TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 84 INSULATOR LEAKAGE SENSORS 84 TECHNOLOGIES 85 COMMERCIAL STATUS AND BARRIERS TO DEPLOYMENT 85 PROVIDERS 85 MARKET 85 TABLE 19 U.S. MARKET FOR REMOTE INSULATOR LEAKAGE CURRENT SENSORS FOR SMART GRID APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 86 OTHER MONITORING SYSTEMS 86 TECHNOLOGIES 86 COMMERCIAL STATUS AND OBSTACLES TO DEPLOYMENT 87 PROVIDERS 87 TABLE 20 PROVIDERS OF OTHER TYPES OF SMART GRID SENSING AND MEASURING TECHNOLOGIES 87 MARKETS 87 TABLE 21 U.S. MARKET FOR OTHER MONITORING AND SENSING TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 88 CHAPTER 7 ADVANCED COMPONENTS FOR SMART GRIDS: TECHNOLOGIES AND MARKETS 90 SUMMARY 90 TABLE 22 U.S. MARKET FOR ADVANCED SMART GRID COMPONENTS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 90 FIGURE 10 TRENDS IN U.S. MARKET FOR ADVANCED SMART GRID COMPONENTS, 2012–2018 ($ MILLIONS) 91 POWER ELECTRONICS 91 TECHNOLOGIES 91 TABLE 23 TYPES OF POWER ELECTRONIC DEVICES 92 COMMERCIAL STATUS AND OBSTACLES TO DEPLOYMENT 93 PROVIDERS 93 TABLE 24 PROVIDERS OF POWER ELECTRONICS DEVICES FOR SMART GRID APPLICATIONS 93 MARKETS 94 TABLE 25 U.S. POWER ELECTRONICS MARKET FOR SMART GRID APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 94 FAULT CURRENT LIMITERS 94 TECHNOLOGY 95 Resistive FCLs 95 Inductive FCLs 96 COMMERCIAL STATUS AND OBSTACLES TO DEPLOYMENT 96 PROVIDERS 96 TABLE 26 SUPPLIERS OF FAULT CURRENT LIMITERS 96 MARKET 97 TABLE 27 U.S. ELECTRIC UTILITY MARKET FOR FAULT CURRENT LIMITERS, THROUGH 2018 97 HIGH-CAPACITY TRANSMISSION CABLE 97 TECHNOLOGIES 98 Superconducting Cable 98 High-Capacity Overhead Conductor Cable 99 Aluminum-Conductor Composite Core Cable 99 Aluminum-Conductor Composite Reinforced Cable 99 Annealed Aluminum, Steel-Supported Trapezoidal Cross-Section Conductor Wire 100 COMMERCIAL STATUS AND BARRIERS TO DEPLOYMENT 100 PROVIDERS 101 TABLE 28 PROVIDERS OF HIGH-CAPACITY TRANSMISSION CABLE FOR THE SMART GRID 101 MARKET 101 TABLE 29 MARKET FOR ADVANCED ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION CABLE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 102 Superconducting Cable 102 TABLE 30 MARKET FOR SUPERCONDUCTING ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION CABLE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 102 High-Capacity Overhead Conductor Cable 103 TABLE 31 MARKET FOR HIGH-CAPACITY OVERHEAD CONDUCTOR CABLE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 103 DISTRIBUTED ENERGY RESOURCES 104 TABLE 32 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND POWER STORAGE SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 104 DISTRIBUTED GENERATION DEVICES 104 Technologies 104 Photovoltaics 105 TABLE 33 MAJOR PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGIES 105 Wind Turbine 105 Microturbines 106 Fuel Cells 107 TABLE 34 MAJOR FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES 107 Providers 107 TABLE 35 PROVIDERS OF DISTRIBUTED GENERATION EQUIPMENT 107 Markets 108 TABLE 36 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED GENERATION SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 109 Photovoltaics 109 TABLE 37 PROJECTED U.S. CONSUMPTION OF PHOTOVOLTAICS, THROUGH 2018 (MW/$ MILLION) 109 TABLE 38 PROJECTED U.S. MARKET FOR GRID-CONNECTED PHOTOVOLTAICS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 110 Wind Turbines 110 TABLE 39 PROJECTED U.S. MARKET FOR WIND TURBINES, THROUGH 2018 (GW/$ MILLIONS) 110 Fuel Cells 111 TABLE 40 U.S. FUEL CELL MARKET BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 111 Microturbines 111 TABLE 41 PROJECTED U.S. MARKET FOR GRID-CONNECTED MICROTURBINES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 112 DISTRIBUTED STORAGE SYSTEMS 112 Technologies 112 Sodium Batteries 113 Vanadium Redox Batteries 114 Supercapacitors 115 Superconducting Power Storage 115 Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage 116 Superconducting Flywheel Energy Storage 116 Compressed-Air Energy Storage 117 Plug-In Hybrid and All-Electric Vehicles 117 Providers 119 TABLE 42 PROVIDERS OF DISTRIBUTED STORAGE EQUIPMENT 119 Markets 120 TABLE 43 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED STORAGE SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 120 Sodium Batteries 120 TABLE 44 U.S. MARKET FOR NAS AND OTHER SODIUM BATTERY POWER STORAGE SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 121 Vanadium Redox Batteries 121 TABLE 45 U.S. MARKET FOR VANADIUM REDOX BATTERY DISTRIBUTED POWER STORAGE SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 121 Superconducting Magnetic and Flywheel Storage 121 TABLE 46 U.S. MARKET FOR SUPERCONDUCTING POWER STORAGE SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 122 Supercapacitors 122 TABLE 47 U.S. MARKET FOR SUPERCAPACITOR STORAGE SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 123 Compressed-Air Storage 123 TABLE 48 U.S. MARKET FOR COMPRESSED AIR STORAGE SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 123 Plug-In Hybrid and All-Electric Vehicle Storage 123 TABLE 49 U.S. MARKET FOR GRID-CONNECTED PHEVS, THROUGH 2018 (NUMBER OF VEHICLES/$ MILLIONS) 124 CHAPTER 8 ADVANCED CONTROLS FOR SMART GRIDS: TECHNOLOGIES AND MARKETS 126 SUMMARY 126 TABLE 50 U.S. MARKET FOR ADVANCED SMART GRID CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 126 FIGURE 11 TRENDS IN THE U.S. MARKET FOR ADVANCED SMART GRID CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES, 2012–2018 ($ MILLIONS) 127 DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENT AGENTS 127 TECHNOLOGIES 127 Digital Protective Relays 127 Intelligent Tap Changers 128 Dynamic Circuit-Rating Tools 128 Distributed Energy Management Systems 128 Grid-Friendly Appliance Controllers 129 Dynamic Distributed Power Flow Controllers 129 PRODUCERS AND DEVELOPERS 130 TABLE 51 PROVIDERS OF DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENT AGENTS 131 MARKET 131 TABLE 52 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENT AGENTS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 131 Digital Protective Relays 132 TABLE 53 MARKET FOR DIGITAL PROTECTIVE RELAYS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 132 Intelligent Tap Changers 132 TABLE 54 MARKET FOR INTELLIGENT TAP CHANGERS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 133 Distributed Energy Management Systems 133 TABLE 55 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 133 Grid-Friendly Appliance Controllers 134 TABLE 56 MARKET FOR GRID-FRIENDLY APPLIANCE CONTROLLERS, THROUGH 2013 ($ MILLIONS) 134 Distributed Power-Flow Controllers 134 TABLE 57 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED POWER-FLOW CONTROLLERS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 134 HIGH-PERFORMANCE COMPUTING 135 TECHNOLOGIES 135 MARKETS 137 TABLE 58 UTILITY MARKET DISTRIBUTED AND CLOUD COMPUTING TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 137 CENTRALIZED CONTROL APPLICATIONS 137 TECHNOLOGIES 137 TABLE 59 CENTRALIZED APPLICATIONS FOR THE SMART GRID 138 PROVIDERS 139 TABLE 60 PROVIDERS OF CENTRALIZED SMART GRID CONTROL APPLICATIONS 139 MARKETS 140 TABLE 61 MARKET FOR CENTRALIZED SMART GRID CONTROL APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 140 INTERFACES AND DECISION-SUPPORT SYSTEMS 140 TECHNOLOGIES 140 TABLE 62 INTERFACE AND DECISION-SUPPORT TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE SMART GRID 140 PRODUCERS AND DEVELOPERS 141 TABLE 63 PROVIDERS OF INTERFACE AND DECISION-SUPPORT TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID APPLICATIONS 142 MARKET 142 TABLE 64 MARKET FOR INTERFACE AND DECISION-SUPPORT TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 142 CHAPTER 9 APPENDIX A: SELECTED COMPANY PROFILES 144 INTEGRATED COMMUNICATIONS 144 ALVARION, INC. 144 AMBIENT CORP. 144 AMPERION, INC. 144 ARKADOS GROUP, INC. 145 CURRENT COMMUNICATIONS GROUP, LLC 145 EMBER CORP. 145 GAINSPAN CORP. 146 GRIDNET, INC. 146 MAIN.NET POWER LINE COMMUNICATIONS, INC. 147 MMB NETWORKS, INC. 147 RUGGEDCOM INC. 147 SMARTSYNCH 148 TELKONET, INC. 148 TRILLIANT NETWORKS 148 SMART GRID SENSING AND MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES 149 SMART METERS 149 Echelon Corp. 149 Elster LLC 149 eMeter Corp. 149 EnergyICT Inc. 150 Itron, Inc. 150 Landis+Gyr AG 151 Sensus Metering Systems 151 WIRE AREA MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS 151 Doubletree Systems, Inc. 151 Macrodyne, Inc. 152 PowerWorld Corp. 152 DYNAMIC LINE RATING 152 Electrotech, Inc. 152 The Valley Group, Inc. 153 Usi Power 153 INSULATOR CURRENT LEAKAGE SENSORS 153 PSP Technologies, Inc. 153 TPX Energy 154 OTHER SENSORS 154 FISO 154 Intelligent Controls, Inc. 154 ADVANCED COMPONENTS 155 POWER ELECTRONICS 155 Satcon Technology Corporation 155 Xantrex Technology Inc. 155 FAULT CURRENT LIMITERS 156 Nexans 156 Superpower Inc. 156 TRANSMISSION CABLE 156 3M Company 156 American Superconductor Corp. 157 Composite Technology Corp. 157 Comverge, Inc. 157 EnerNOC, Inc. 158 Hyper Tech Research, Inc. 158 Metal Oxide Technologies Inc. 159 Southwire Co. 159 DISTRIBUTED GENERATION 160 MICROTURBINES 160 Capstone Turbine Corp. 160 PHOTOVOLTAICS 160 First Solar Inc. 160 HelioVolt Corp. 160 FUEL CELLS 161 Fuel Cell Energy, Inc. 161 Materials and Systems Research, Inc. 161 DISTRIBUTED STORAGE 162 Maxwell Technologies, Inc. 162 NGK Insulators, Ltd. 162 SMART GRID CONTROLS 162 DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENT AGENTS 162 BPL GLOBAL, LTD. 162 GridPoint, Inc. 163 CENTRALIZED CONTROL APPLICATIONS 163 Intergraph Corp. 163 Milsoft Utility Solutions 164 Silver Spring Networks 164 INTERFACE AND DECISION SUPPORT 165 Space-Time Insight 165 CHAPTER 10 APPENDIX B: PATENT ANALYSIS 167 TABLE 65 NUMBER OF U.S. SMART GRID–RELATED PATENTS BY TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY 167 FIGURE 12 U.S. SMART GRID–RELATED PATENTS BY TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY, AS OF JULY 25, 2013 (%) 167 LIST OF TABLES SUMMARY TABLE U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 9 TABLE 1 U.S. CONSUMPTION OF FOSSIL FUELS FOR ELECTRICITY GENERATION, THROUGH 2012 17 TABLE 2 MAJOR CLASSES OF SMART GRID–ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES 29 TABLE 3 U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES BY TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 31 TABLE 4 U.S. MARKET FOR INTEGRATED SMART GRID COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 60 TABLE 5 ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID HOME AREA NETWORKS 62 TABLE 6 COMPANIES THAT MARKET OR ARE DEVELOPING COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID HANS 65 TABLE 7 MARKET FOR SMART GRID HAN COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 66 TABLE 8 ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID NEIGHBORHOOD AREA NETWORKS 67 TABLE 9 COMPANIES THAT MARKET OR ARE DEVELOPING COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID NANS 70 TABLE 10 MARKET FOR SMART GRID NAN COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION CONNECTIONS/$ MILLIONS) 71 TABLE 11 MARKET FOR SMART GRID BACKBONE COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 72 TABLE 12 U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID SENSING AND MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 74 TABLE 13 SMART METER PRODUCERS 79 TABLE 14 MARKET FOR SMART METERS AND RELATED TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 79 TABLE 15 PROVIDERS OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID WAMS 81 TABLE 16 MARKET FOR PMUS AND RELATED WAMS TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 81 TABLE 17 PROVIDERS OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID WAMS 84 TABLE 18 MARKET FOR DYNAMIC LINE-RATING SENSORS AND RELATED TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 84 TABLE 19 U.S. MARKET FOR REMOTE INSULATOR LEAKAGE CURRENT SENSORS FOR SMART GRID APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 86 TABLE 20 PROVIDERS OF OTHER TYPES OF SMART GRID SENSING AND MEASURING TECHNOLOGIES 87 TABLE 21 U.S. MARKET FOR OTHER MONITORING AND SENSING TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 88 TABLE 22 U.S. MARKET FOR ADVANCED SMART GRID COMPONENTS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 90 TABLE 23 TYPES OF POWER ELECTRONIC DEVICES 92 TABLE 24 PROVIDERS OF POWER ELECTRONICS DEVICES FOR SMART GRID APPLICATIONS 93 TABLE 25 U.S. POWER ELECTRONICS MARKET FOR SMART GRID APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 94 TABLE 26 SUPPLIERS OF FAULT CURRENT LIMITERS 96 TABLE 27 U.S. ELECTRIC UTILITY MARKET FOR FAULT CURRENT LIMITERS, THROUGH 2018 97 TABLE 28 PROVIDERS OF HIGH-CAPACITY TRANSMISSION CABLE FOR THE SMART GRID 101 TABLE 29 MARKET FOR ADVANCED ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION CABLE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 102 TABLE 30 MARKET FOR SUPERCONDUCTING ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION CABLE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 102 TABLE 31 MARKET FOR HIGH-CAPACITY OVERHEAD CONDUCTOR CABLE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 103 TABLE 32 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND POWER STORAGE SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 104 TABLE 33 MAJOR PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGIES 105 TABLE 34 MAJOR FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES 107 TABLE 35 PROVIDERS OF DISTRIBUTED GENERATION EQUIPMENT 107 TABLE 36 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED GENERATION SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 109 TABLE 37 PROJECTED U.S. CONSUMPTION OF PHOTOVOLTAICS, THROUGH 2018 (MW/$ MILLION) 109 TABLE 38 PROJECTED U.S. MARKET FOR GRID-CONNECTED PHOTOVOLTAICS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 110 TABLE 39 PROJECTED U.S. MARKET FOR WIND TURBINES, THROUGH 2018 (GW/$ MILLIONS) 110 TABLE 40 U.S. FUEL CELL MARKET BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 111 TABLE 41 PROJECTED U.S. MARKET FOR GRID-CONNECTED MICROTURBINES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 112 TABLE 42 PROVIDERS OF DISTRIBUTED STORAGE EQUIPMENT 119 TABLE 43 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED STORAGE SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 120 TABLE 44 U.S. MARKET FOR NAS AND OTHER SODIUM BATTERY POWER STORAGE SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 121 TABLE 45 U.S. MARKET FOR VANADIUM REDOX BATTERY DISTRIBUTED POWER STORAGE SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 121 TABLE 46 U.S. MARKET FOR SUPERCONDUCTING POWER STORAGE SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 122 TABLE 47 U.S. MARKET FOR SUPERCAPACITOR STORAGE SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 123 TABLE 48 U.S. MARKET FOR COMPRESSED AIR STORAGE SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 123 TABLE 49 U.S. MARKET FOR GRID-CONNECTED PHEVS, THROUGH 2018 (NUMBER OF VEHICLES/$ MILLIONS) 124 TABLE 50 U.S. MARKET FOR ADVANCED SMART GRID CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 126 TABLE 51 PROVIDERS OF DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENT AGENTS 131 TABLE 52 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENT AGENTS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 131 TABLE 53 MARKET FOR DIGITAL PROTECTIVE RELAYS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 132 TABLE 54 MARKET FOR INTELLIGENT TAP CHANGERS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 133 TABLE 55 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 133 TABLE 56 MARKET FOR GRID-FRIENDLY APPLIANCE CONTROLLERS, THROUGH 2013 ($ MILLIONS) 134 TABLE 57 MARKET FOR DISTRIBUTED POWER-FLOW CONTROLLERS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 134 TABLE 58 UTILITY MARKET DISTRIBUTED AND CLOUD COMPUTING TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 137 TABLE 59 CENTRALIZED APPLICATIONS FOR THE SMART GRID 138 TABLE 60 PROVIDERS OF CENTRALIZED SMART GRID CONTROL APPLICATIONS 139 TABLE 61 MARKET FOR CENTRALIZED SMART GRID CONTROL APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 140 TABLE 62 INTERFACE AND DECISION-SUPPORT TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE SMART GRID 140 TABLE 63 PROVIDERS OF INTERFACE AND DECISION-SUPPORT TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID APPLICATIONS 142 TABLE 64 MARKET FOR INTERFACE AND DECISION-SUPPORT TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 142 TABLE 65 NUMBER OF U.S. SMART GRID–RELATED PATENTS BY TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY 167 LIST OF FIGURES SUMMARY FIGURE U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES, 2012–2018 ($ MILLIONS) 10 FIGURE 1 AVERAGE RETAIL PRICE OF ELECTRICITY, 2001–2011 (CENTS/KWH) 14 FIGURE 2 U.S. ELECTRICITY GENERATION BY FUEL TYPE, 2012 (%) 15 FIGURE 3 U.S. FOSSIL FUEL IMPORTS, 2011 (PERCENT OF TOTAL FOSSIL FUEL IMPORTS) 18 FIGURE 4 NATIONAL ELECTRICITY DELIVERY TECHNOLOGIES OVERALL ROADMAP 22 FIGURE 5 NATIONAL ELECTRICITY DELIVERY ROADMAP FOR DEVELOPING CRITICAL TECHNOLOGIES 24 FIGURE 6 U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES, 2012–2018 ($ MILLIONS) 32 FIGURE 7 U.S. SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES MARKET SHARES, 2012–2018 (%) 32 FIGURE 8 TRENDS IN U.S. MARKET FOR INTEGRATED SMART GRID COMMUNICATIONS, 2012–2018 ($ MILLIONS) 60 FIGURE 9 TRENDS IN THE U.S. MARKET FOR SMART GRID SENSING AND MEASUREMENT, 2012–2018 ($ MILLIONS) 74 FIGURE 10 TRENDS IN U.S. MARKET FOR ADVANCED SMART GRID COMPONENTS, 2012–2018 ($ MILLIONS) 91 FIGURE 11 TRENDS IN THE U.S. MARKET FOR ADVANCED SMART GRID CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES, 2012–2018 ($ MILLIONS) 127 FIGURE 12 U.S. SMART GRID–RELATED PATENTS BY TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY, AS OF JULY 25, 2013 (%) 167 Read the full report: Enabling Technologies for the Smart Grid http://www.reportbuyer.com/computing_electronics/nanotechnology/enabling_technologies_smart_grid.html#utm_source=prnewswire&utm_medium=pr&utm_campaign=Energy_technology For more information: Sarah Smith Research Advisor at Reportbuyer.com Email: query@reportbuyer.com Tel: +44 208 816 85 48 Website: http://www.reportbuyer.com/ Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/11/prweb11316771.htm (c) 2013 PRWEB.COM Newswire

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