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U.S. Patents Awarded to Inventors in Minnesota (Nov. 29)
[November 29, 2012]

U.S. Patents Awarded to Inventors in Minnesota (Nov. 29)

(Targeted News Service Via Acquire Media NewsEdge) Targeted News Service Targeted News Service ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 29 -- The following federal patents were awarded to inventors in Minnesota.

*** Cardiac Pacemakers Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 29 -- Cardiac Pacemakers, St. Paul, Minn., has been assigned a patent (8,321,035) developed by Brendan E. Koop, Ham Lake, Minn., for a "layered electrode for an implantable medical device lead." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A medical device lead includes an insulative lead body, a conductor extending through the lead body from a proximal end to a distal end, and an electrode electrically connected to the conductor. The proximal end is adapted to be electrically connected to a pulse generator. The electrode includes a plurality of electrode modules mechanically coupled in a stack of electrode modules. Each electrode module includes a plurality of layers that define substantially similar sized pores such that the stack of electrode modules includes an array of the substantially similar sized pores." The patent application was filed on June 14, 2011 (13/160,045). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,035&OS=8,321,035&RS=8,321,035 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** CVRx Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 29 -- CVRx, Minneapolis, has been assigned a patent (8,321,024) developed by Dimitrios Georgakopoulos, Maple Grove, Minn., Eric G. Lovett, Mendota Heights, Minn., and Nadim Yared, Medina, Minn., for "devices and methods for treatment of heart failure and associated conditions." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Devices and methods of use identification, treatment, and/or management of heart failure and/or associated conditions. Methods may include providing a baroreflex therapy system including a blood pressure sensor and a heart rate sensor, providing an implantable measurement device proximate a blood vessel of a patient, the implantable measurement device including an electrode, providing a control system coupled to the baroreflex therapy system and the implantable measurement device, the control system programmed to automatically determine an impedance of the blood vessel with the implantable measurement device over a time period of at least one cardiac cycle, determine arterial stiffness of the blood vessel based on the impedance, determine blood pressure and heart rate, and activate, deactivate or otherwise modulate the baroreflex therapy system to deliver a baroreflex therapy based on the blood pressure, heart rate and arterial stiffness." The patent application was filed on Jan. 6, 2011 (12/986,077). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,024&OS=8,321,024&RS=8,321,024 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Cardiac Pacemakers Assigned Patent for Adaptive Therapy for Disordered Breathing ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 29 -- Cardiac Pacemakers, St. Paul, Minn., has been assigned a patent (8,321,022) developed by six co-inventors for an "adaptive therapy for disordered breathing." The co-inventors are Jeffrey E. Stahmann, Ramsey, Minn., John D. Hatlestad, Maplewood, Minn., Quan Ni, Shoreview, Minn., Jesse Hartley, White Bear Lake, Minn., Douglas R. Daum, Woodbury, Minn., and Kent Lee, Shoreview, Minn.


The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "An approach to providing disordered breathing therapy includes detecting disordered breathing and adapting a therapy to mitigate the disordered breathing. The therapy may be adapted to enhance therapy effectiveness, to provide therapy that reduces an impact of the therapy on the patient, or to achieve other therapeutic goals. Cardiac electrical therapy to mitigate the disordered breathing may include various cardiac pacing regimens and/or delivery of non-excitatory electrical stimulation to the heart." The patent application was filed on March 24, 2010 (12/731,103). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,022&OS=8,321,022&RS=8,321,022 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** ADC Telecommunications Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 29 -- ADC Telecommunications, Eden Prairie, Minn., has been assigned a patent (8,320,107) developed by four co-inventors for a "modular power distribution system and methods." The co-inventors are Joseph Coffey, Burnsville, Minn., David Johnsen, Plymouth, Minn., Duane Sand, Annandale, Minn., and Bradley Blichfeldt, Savage, Minn.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A modular power distribution system comprises a chassis and a backplane including a power input, and a plurality of module connection locations. A plurality of modules are mounted in the chassis, each module mounted to one of the module connection locations. Each module includes: (i) a circuit protection device; and (ii) a power output connection location. Bus bars connect front power inputs to the backplane." The patent application was filed on Nov. 22, 2010 (12/951,442). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,320,107&OS=8,320,107&RS=8,320,107 Written by Neha Bharti; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Cardiac Pacemakers Assigned Patent for Dynamic Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy by Tracking Intrinsic Conduction ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 29 -- Cardiac Pacemakers, St. Paul, Minn., has been assigned a patent (8,321,014) developed by Barun Maskara, Blaine, Minn., and Jiang Ding, Shoreview, Minn., for a "dynamic cardiac resynchronization therapy by tracking intrinsic conduction." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Systems and methods for pacing the heart using resynchronization pacing delays that achieve improvement of cardiac function are described. An early activation pacing interval is calculated based on an optimal AV delay and an atrial to early ventricular activation interval between an atrial event and early activation of a ventricular depolarization. The early activation pacing interval for the ventricle is calculated by subtracting the measured AV.sub.EA from the calculated optimal AV delay. The early activation pacing interval is initiated responsive to sensing early activation of the ventricle and pacing is delivered relative to expiration of the early activation pacing interval." The patent application was filed on Sept. 30, 2009 (12/570,167). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,014&OS=8,321,014&RS=8,321,014 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Data Sciences International Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 29 -- Data Sciences International, St. Paul, Minn., has been assigned a patent (8,321,036) developed by Brian Brockway, Shoreview, Minn., and Marina V. Brockway, Shoreview, Minn., for a "cardiac rhythm management device." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A medical device is disclosed for implantation on an epicardial surface of the heart. The device has a transmural member providing optimal electrode locations for various therapies. The hemodynamically optimal therapy is guided by sensed left ventricular pressure and electrical activity. The device may be used alone or with a companion implanted cardiac rhythm management device." The patent application was filed on April 15, 2011 (13/087,997). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,036&OS=8,321,036&RS=8,321,036 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Cardiac Pacemakers Assigned Patent for Methods and Apparatuses for Detection of Myocardial Ischemia Upon Exertion ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 29 -- Cardiac Pacemakers, St. Paul, Minn., has been assigned a patent (8,321,003) developed by four co-inventors for "methods and apparatuses for detection of myocardial ischemia upon exertion." The co-inventors are Yi Zhang, Plymouth, Minn., Kenneth C. Beck, St. Paul, Minn., Aaron Lewicke, Forest Lake, Minn., and Yunlong Zhang, Mounds View, Minn.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Various method embodiments of the present invention concern sensing patient-internal pressure measurements indicative of physiological exertion, identifying one or more steady state periods of physiological exertion based on the patient-internal pressure measurements, sensing extra-cardiac response data and cardiac response data corresponding to the one or more physiological exertion steady state periods, respectively comparing the extra-cardiac response data and the cardiac response data to extra-cardiac response information and cardiac response information associated with equivalent levels of physiological exertion intensity of the one or more steady state periods, and determining the likelihood that myocardial ischemia occurred during the one or more steady state periods based on the comparison of the extra-cardiac response data to the extra-cardiac response information and the cardiac response data to the cardiac response information." The patent application was filed on July 23, 2009 (12/508,398). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,003&OS=8,321,003&RS=8,321,003 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Advanced Neuromodulation Systems Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 29 -- Advanced Neuromodulation Systems, Plano, Texas, has been assigned a patent (8,321,030) developed by Jeremy Maniak, Columbia Heights, Minn., and Johann Neisz, Coon Rapids, Minn., for an "esophageal activity modulated obesity therapy." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Methods and devices for delivering electrical stimulation to the sympathetic nervous system in response to the onset of eating. In some methods, swallowing is detected which then initiates a dose of stimulation which can vary in intensity, frequency, or both over the dose length. In some methods, the dose length is between about one quarter hour and one hour. The dose frequency may increase, hold steady, then decrease over the dose duration so as to mimic the response of the gut stretch and nutrient receptors to receiving food. The dose can drive biomarkers indicative of eating, for example glucagon, glucose, FFA or glycerol to at least about half of their normal post eating levels and then stop so as to retain stimulation effectiveness for subsequent doses and to prolong battery life." The patent application was filed on April 20, 2010 (12/763,980). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,030&OS=8,321,030&RS=8,321,030 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Medtronic Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 29 -- Medtronic, Minneapolis, has been assigned a patent (8,320,984) developed by six co-inventors for an "optical sensor for medical device." The co-inventors are Jonathan L. Kuhn, Ham Lake, Minn., Thomas A. Anderson, New Hope, Minn., Can Cinbis, Shoreview, Minn., Jeffrey M. Jelen, New Hope, Minn., Timothy Davis, Coon Rapids, Minn., and James K. Carney, Brooklyn Park, Minn.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "An optical sensor for a medical device includes a fixed lens spacing between emit and receive modules to achieve target sensor sensitivity, while varying other sensor parameters in order to increase signal amplitude without increasing power demand. The size of at least one of emit and receive module lenses of an optical sensor, and the offset between the opto-electronic component and the respective lens of at least one of emit and receive modules is decreased to increase amplitude of the signal received by the receive module from the emit module." The patent application was filed on April 22, 2010 (12/765,345). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,320,984&OS=8,320,984&RS=8,320,984 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Cardiac Pacemakers Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 29 -- Cardiac Pacemakers, St. Paul, Minn., has been assigned a patent (8,321,023) developed by Imad Libbus, St. Paul, Minn., and Julio C. Spinelli, Shoreview, Minn., for a "baroreflex modulation to gradually decrease blood pressure." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "An aspect of the present subject matter relates to a baroreflex stimulator. An embodiment of the stimulator includes a pulse generator to provide a baroreflex stimulation signal through an electrode, and a modulator. The modulator modulates the baroreflex stimulation signal to increase the baroreflex stimulation therapy by a predetermined rate of change to lower systemic blood pressure to a target pressure. Other aspects are provided herein." The patent application was filed on Jan. 27, 2009 (12/321,949). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,023&OS=8,321,023&RS=8,321,023 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Trane International Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 29 -- Trane International, Piscataway, N.J., has been assigned a patent (8,321,058) developed by John Q. Zhou, Onalaska, Wis., Bert L. Feinberg, Clarksville, Tenn., and Randy L. Henk, White Bear Lake, Minn., for a "HVAC control system having integrated CPH cycling control and deadband staging." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A method of controlling an HVAC system including programming a thermostat of the HVAC system to define a temperature set point, a temperature differential around the temperature set point, and a number of cycles per hour for a temperature control source of the HVAC system. The method also includes sensing a temperature, executing a cycling control algorithm that includes the temperature, the temperature set point, and the number of cycles per hour as inputs to determine a duty cycle, and running the temperature control source according to the duty cycle when the temperature is within the temperature differential. The method further includes executing a deadband algorithm to turn on the temperature control source when the temperature is outside of the temperature differential at one extreme and to turn off the temperature control source when the temperature is outside the temperature differential at the opposite extreme." The patent application was filed on Sept. 24, 2010 (12/889,822). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,058&OS=8,321,058&RS=8,321,058 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Seagate Technology Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 29 -- Seagate Technology, Cupertino, Calif., has been assigned a patent (8,320,075) developed by Declan Macken, Prior Lake, Minn., Eric Walter Singleton, Maple Plain, Minn., and Peter Jeremy Czoschke, Bloomington, Minn., for "biasing structure for write element domain control in a magnetic writer." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A magnetic writer includes a write element having a first domain pattern when in a quiescent state and a second domain pattern when in an active state. A biasing structure is configured to induce the write element into the first domain pattern when the magnetic writer is in the quiescent state." The patent application was filed on Jan. 27, 2009 (12/360,145). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,320,075&OS=8,320,075&RS=8,320,075 Written by Neha Bharti; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Cardiac Pacemakers Assigned Patent for Arrhythmia Discrimination Using ECG's Sensed from Multiple Implanted Electrodes ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 29 -- Cardiac Pacemakers, St. Paul, Minn., has been assigned a patent (8,321,002) developed by six co-inventors for "arrhythmia discrimination using ECG's sensed from multiple implanted electrodes." The co-inventors are Yi Zhang, Plymouth, Minn., Carlos A. Ricci, Apple Valley, Minn., Jeffrey E. Stahmann, Ramsey, Minn., Aaron McCabe, Minneapolis, Scott Meyer, Lakeville, Minn., and Yinghong Yu, Shoreview, Minn.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Cardiac monitoring and/or stimulation methods and systems provide for monitoring, diagnosing, defibrillation and pacing therapies, or a combination of these capabilities, including cardiac systems incorporating or cooperating with neuro-stimulating devices, drug pumps, or other therapies. Embodiments of the present invention relate generally to implantable medical devices employing automated cardiac activation sequence monitoring and/or tracking for arrhythmia discrimination. Embodiments of the invention are directed to devices and methods involving sensing a plurality of composite cardiac signals using a plurality of implantable electrodes. A source separation is performed using the sensed plurality of composite cardiac signals and the separation produces one or more cardiac signal vectors associated with one or more cardiac activation sequences that is indicative of ischemia. A change of the one or more cardiac signal vectors is detected using the one or more cardiac signal vectors. Cardiac arrhythmias are discriminated using the one or more cardiac signal vectors." The patent application was filed on Feb. 15, 2011 (13/027,608). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,321,002&OS=8,321,002&RS=8,321,002 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Identix Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 29 -- Identix, Bloomington, Minn., has been assigned a patent (8,320,645) developed by Daniel Frederick Maase, Plymouth, Minn., for a "high performance multi-mode palmprint and fingerprint scanning device and system." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Systems, devices and methods for providing rolled fingerprint capture and palm capture capability in a device having reduced size are provided. In certain embodiments, the systems and methods provide capture of rolled fingerprints, slap fingerprints and palm prints in one continuous workflow in a compact device. In certain embodiments, moisture discriminating optics and/or enhanced definition image formation previously achieved only in devices designed for capturing only fingerprints are provided. In certain embodiments, the systems employ a single scanning device to capture 500 ppi and/or 1000 ppi palm and fingerprint images." The patent application was filed on Sept. 4, 2008 (12/204,558). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=83,20,645.PN.&OS=PN/83,20,645&RS=PN/83,20,645 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Honeywell International Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 29 -- Honeywell International, Morristown, N.J., has been assigned a patent (8,320,615) developed by Rida M. Hamza, Maple Grove, Minn., and Mohammed Ibrahim Mohideen, Karnataka, India, for "systems and methods for recognizing a target from a moving platform." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Systems and methods for recognizing a location of a target are provided. One system includes a camera configured to generate first data representing an object resembling the target, a memory storing second data representing a template of the target, and a processor. The processor is configured to receive the first data and the second data, and determine that the object is the target if the object matches the template within a predetermined percentage error. A method includes receiving first data representing an object resembling the target, receiving second data representing a template of the target, and determining that the object is the target if the object matches the template within a predetermined percentage error. Also provided are computer-readable mediums including processor instructions for executing the above method." The patent application was filed on Dec. 5, 2008 (12/329,276). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=83,20,615.PN.&OS=PN/83,20,615&RS=PN/83,20,615 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** MAYO Foundation for Medical Education and Research Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 29 -- MAYO Foundation for Medical Education and Research, Rochester, Minn., has been assigned a patent (8,320,646) developed by Houchun H. Hu, Cerritos, Calif., Ananth J. Madhuranthakam, Jamaica Plain, Mass., and Stephen J. Riederer, Rochester, Minn., for an "MRI acquisition using 2D sense and partial fourier pace sampling." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "An MRI system produces a three-dimensional image by acquiring NMR signals that fully sample a central region of k-space and partially sample peripheral k-space as a set of asymmetric radial sectors. The NMR signals are acquired with a plurality of receive channels and coils. An image is reconstructed using a homodyne reconstruction combined with SENSE processing." The patent application was filed on Nov. 02, 2007 (11/913,429). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=83,20,646.PN.&OS=PN/83,20,646&RS=PN/83,20,646 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Micron Technology Assigned Patent for Stacked Device Remapping and Repair ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 29 -- Micron Technology, Boise, Idaho, has been assigned a patent (8,320,206) developed by seven co-inventors for a "stacked device remapping and repair." The co-inventors are Brent Keeth, Boise, Idaho, Chris G. Martin, Boise, Idaho, Troy A. Manning, Meridian, Idaho, Joe M. Jeddeloh, Shoreview, Minn., Timothy B. Cowles, Boise, Idaho, Jim Rehmeyer, Boise, Idaho, and Paul A. LaBerge, Shoreview, Minn.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Various embodiments include apparatus, systems, and methods having multiple dice arranged in a stack in which a defective cell may be replaced by a spare cell on the same die or a different die. Other embodiments are described." The patent application was filed on Nov. 15, 2010 (12/946,592). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=83,20,206.PN.&OS=PN/83,20,206&RS=PN/83,20,206 Written by Amal Ahmed; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Seagate Technology Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 29 -- Seagate Technology, Scotts Valley, Calif., has been assigned a patent (8,320,169) developed by seven co-inventors for an "asymmetric write current compensation." The co-inventors are Wenzhong Zhu, Apple Valley, Minn., Yong Lu, Edina, Minn., Xiaobin Wang, Chanhassen, Minn., Yiran Chen, Eden Prairie, Minn., Alan Xuguang Wang, Eden Prairie, Minn., Xiaohua Lou, Milpitas, Calif., and Haiwen Xi, Prior Lake, Minn.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "An apparatus and method for compensating for asymmetric write current in a non-volatile unit cell. The unit cell comprises a switching device and an asymmetric resistive sense element (RSE), such as an asymmetric resistive random access memory (RRAM) element or an asymmetric spin-torque transfer random access memory (STRAM) element. The RSE is physically oriented within the unit cell relative to the switching device such that a hard direction for programming the RSE is aligned with an easy direction of programming the unit cell, and an easy direction for programming the RSE is aligned with a hard direction for programming the unit cell." The patent application was filed on Dec. 21, 2011 (13/333,598). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=83,20,169.PN.&OS=PN/83,20,169&RS=PN/83,20,169 Written by Amal Ahmed; edited by Jaya Anand.

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